F Lányi

Országos Idegsebészeti Tudományos Intézet, Budapeŝto, Budapest, Hungary

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Publications (14)11.47 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Data were analyzed to assess the value of stereotactically applied intracystic colloidal yttrium-90 (YTx) for the treatment of recurrent cystic craniopharyngiomas during a 30-year period. This article compares data from 73 YTx procedures in 60 patients between 1975 and 2006. The cumulative beta dose aimed at the inner surface of the cyst wall was 300 Gy. After YTx, the initial cyst volumes decreased an average of 79%. In 47, the reduction was more than 80%; in 27 of them, the cyst disappeared completely within 1 year. The mean survival after YTx was 9.4 years (range, 0.7-30 yr). Actuarial survival rates at 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 years were 81, 61, 45, 18, 2, and 0%, respectively. Late complications of YTx were related to the anatomic localization of the cyst, either presellar and retrosellar, e.g., a presellar (prechiasmatic/suprasellar) localization caused neuro-ophthalmological complications in 5.8% and internal carotid artery injury in 1.6%. The treatment of retrosellar (retrochiasmatic, suprasellar) tumors occasionally induced hypothalamic and/or pontomesencephalothalamic damage obviously by untoward radiation to the so-called perforating arteries. This occurred in 3.2% of these latter patients. Despite sporadic complications, intracavitary YTx irradiation is a valuable treatment alternative for craniopharyngioma cysts, sometimes as part of a multimodality management in these tumors, especially in precarious surgical cases.
    Neurosurgery 09/2007; 61(2):288-95; discussion 295-6. · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The authors analyzed data from nearly 30-year follow-up period to assess the value of intracavitary irradiation with stereotactically implanted beta-emitting radioisotope yttrium- 90 (90Y) silicate colloid for the treatment of cystic craniopharyngiomas. Seventy-three cysts in 60 patients were selected for retrospective analysis. The cumulative dose aimed at the inner surface of the cyst wall was 300 Gy. An average of 79% (mean 88.3%) shrinkage of the initial cyst volume was observed. In 47 cysts, the reduction was more than 80%, and the cyst disappeared totally in 29 out of those 47 cases, usually within a year. Mean survival duration after intracavitary irradiation was 9.4 years. Neuroophthalmological prognosis was only favorable when the optic disc was normal or nearly normal at the time of the treatment. In the presence of preexisting optic atrophy, visual damage proved to be irreversible. The long-term results support the view that intracavitary 90Y irradiation is a noninvasive and effective method for the treatment of craniopharyngioma cysts. Because of the mean penetration pathway of beta irradiation is 3.6mm in the soft tissues (maximum 11 mm) it cannot influence the solid part of the tumor; therefore, the best result can be expected in solitary cysts.
    Progress in neurological surgery 02/2007; 20:289-96.
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    ABSTRACT: The authors analyzed data from nearly 30-year follow-up period to assess the value of intracavitary irradiation with stereotactically implanted beta-emitting radioisotope yttrium- 90 (90Y) silicate colloid for the treatment of cystic craniopharyngiomas. Seventy-three cysts in 60 patients were selected for retrospective analysis. The cumulative dose aimed at the inner surface of the cyst wall was 300Gy. An average of 79% (mean 88.3%) shrinkage of the initial cyst volume was observed. In 47 cysts, the reduction was more than 80%, and the cyst disappeared totally in 29 out of those 47 cases, usually within a year. Mean survival duration after intracavitary irradiation was 9.4 years. Neuroophthalmological prognosis was only favorable when the optic disc was normal or nearly normal at the time of the treatment. In the presence of preexisting optic atrophy, visual damage proved to be irreversible. The long-term results support the view that intracavitary 90Y irradiation is a noninvasive and effective method for the treatment of craniopharyngioma cysts. Because of the mean penetration pathway of beta irradiation is 3.6mm in the soft tissues (maximum 11 mm) it cannot influence the solid part of the tumor; therefore, the best result can be expected in solitary cysts.
    01/2007; 20:289-296.
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    ABSTRACT: The authors analyzed long-term follow-up data to assess the value of intracavitary irradiation with stereotactically implanted beta-emitting radioisotope (90)Y-silicate colloid for the treatment of craniopharyngiomas. Fifty-seven craniopharyngiomas in 42 patients were selected for retrospective analysis. The yttrium-90 was implanted intracavitally, using computerized tomography-guided and three-dimensional stereotactic treatment planning. The cumulative dose aimed at the inner surface of the cyst wall was 300 Gy. An average of 75% shrinkage of the initial cyst volume was observed. In 18 cases the reduction was more than 91%, and the cyst disappeared totally in 11 cases. A 50% decrease in cyst volume was usually apparent between the 2nd and 4th months. A 70% decrease in cyst volume was seen by the 5th and 6th months and an 80% reduction by the 7th and 8th months. Cysts that were unchanged remained so throughout the observation period. The time course of volume reduction could be expressed mathematically by the formula of 0.73 X e(-0.62 X T) + 0.27, where "e" is the basic number of natural logarithm and "T" is the time expressed in months. Mean survival duration after intracavitary irradiation was 9.4 years. The shrinkage of the cyst was a consequence of fibrosis of the wall, as seen on histopathological examination. The neuroophthalmological prognosis was favorable only when the optic disc was normal or nearly normal at the time of the treatment. In the presence of preexisting optic atrophy, visual deterioration proved to be irreversible. The long-term results support the view that intracavitary (90)Y-irradiation is a noninvasive and very effective method of treatment for craniopharyngioma cysts. Because of the 1.1 mm half-life decay of beta irradiation, it cannot influence the solid part of the tumor; therefore, the best result can be expected in solitary cysts.
    Neurosurgical FOCUS 01/1998; 3(6):e6. · 2.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The authors report of a case with a pituitary macroadenoma which was associated with a persistent trigeminal artery. The tumour was removed by transsphenoidal microsurgical approach to the sella turcica. To recognise the developmental anomaly is very important to avoid complications during operation.
    Orvosi Hetilap 07/1991; 132(26):1433-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Radiosurgery, using 90Y injected directly into the cavity of cystic craniopharyngiomas produces remarkable reduction of tumour size and diminishes cyst fluid production. The authors have studied the histology of biopsy and autopsy material obtained from seven patients presented with cystic craniopharyngiomas. Histological examination was carried out before and after 90Y silicate implantation. As an effect of 90Y irradiation, histology of samples taken from the cyst wall revealed that the lining epithelial cell layer became destroyed and the cyst wall shrunk. Large amount of collagen fibres with focal hyaline degeneration was present. Proliferation of intimal cells and subendothelial connective tissue narrowing small vessel lumina also occurred. Considering that fibrotic tissue is more susceptible to shrink, the fibrosis induced by irradiation together with destruction of the squamous epithelium and vascular changes, might explain the reduction of the cyst volume and diminished fluid secretion after 90Y treatment.
    Acta Neurochirurgica 02/1990; 102(1-2):14-8. · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The authors evaluate the intracavital treatment with 90 Yttrium silicate colloid given in 31 occasion in 26 patients of cystic craniopharyngioma. The method has been applied since 1975 in the National Institute of Neurosurgery Budapest, using practically the same method as described by Backlund et al. (1972). Although the intracavital treatment was only one among several applied forms of treatment (resection, aspiration, shunting etc.) the effectiveness of the internal irradiation is obvious. The main effect is shrinkage of the cyst. At the 26 patients there was an average of more than 70% volume decrease of the cysts. In 5 cases the cysts totally disappeared and only on two occasions the volume has remained unchanged. Neuroophtalmological data: Preoperatively visual field defects or an impairment of visual activity have been observed in 24 out of the 26 patients studied. After the 90-Yttrium treatment the ophtalmological state of the patients improved 4, worsened in 2 cases. There was no change in 18 cases. The neuroophtalmological prognosis was good only when a relatively intact optic disc was seen; when the disc was atrophic the visual deterioration proved to be irreversible. Pathologically, the fibrotic tissue is responsible for the shrinkage of the cyst.
    Orvosi Hetilap 07/1989; 130(26):1367-8, 1371-5.
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    ABSTRACT: 20 patients suffering from cystic craniopharyngioma were treated with intracavitary irradiation on 25 occasions. The beta emitting radionuclide 90Y silicate colloid was instilled into the cyst or cystic part of the tumour. 17 patients on 22 occasions underwent follow-up CT and ophthalmological examinations 1 to 144 (average: 34) months after the intracavitary radioisotope therapy. An 23 occasions there was an average of 82 to 90% volume decrease of the craniopharyngioma cysts. On two occasions the volume has remained unchanged and the result of the 90Y therapy cannot be evaluated yet. The neuroophthalmological prognosis was good only when a relatively intact optic disc was seen; when the disc was atrophic the visual deterioration proved to be irreversible. Pathologically, it is the fibrotic tissue that is responsible for the shrinkage of the cyst.
    Acta neurochirurgica. Supplement 02/1988; 42:113-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The authors describe the intracavital treatment with 90Y silicate colloid in 9 cases of cystic craniopharyngioma. The method has been applied since 1975 in the National Institute of Neurosurgery, Budapest. The intracavital treatment was only one among several applied treatment forms. In all patients a partial removal of the tumour has also been performed. The possibilities of evaluation of the effectiveness of the internal cyst irradiation are therefore limited. In most cases the intracavital treatment resulted in shrinkage of the cyst, or even was followed by its practical disappearence and the condition of the patients shows a decisive improvement. The growth of solid tumour parts is not influenced by this kind of treatment. Therefore the clinical improvement of the patient's condition depends also on the ratio between cyst and solid tumour volume. The optic nerve impairment did not improve in all cases. As a side-effect an oculomotor nerve paresis developed in several patients. Its possible explanations have been discussed, including lasting damage from tumour pressure.
    Acta Neurochirurgica 02/1985; 74(3-4):94-9. · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Percutaneous superselective balloon catheterization for the treatment of large cerebral arteriovenous malformations, for which direct operation is infeasible, is described. Both a detachable balloon technique and a "calibrated leak" free embolization have been applied, based on a new hardening silicone material elaborated by the authors. The experiences of operations performed since 1978 are represented by four selected case studies.
    Neurological Research 02/1982; 4(3-4):235-52. · 1.18 Impact Factor
  • Zentralblatt für Neurochirurgie 02/1981; 42(2-3):159-62. · 0.63 Impact Factor
  • Acta physiologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 02/1981; 57(4):409-16.
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    ABSTRACT: The significance of superselective angiography in obtaining information concerning the haemodynamics of arteriovenous angiomas and certain saccular aneurysms in emphasized on the basis of evidence obtained in 17 cases.
    Acta Neurochirurgica 02/1981; 58(1-2):85-98. · 1.55 Impact Factor
  • G Deák, F Lányi, I Nagy
    Orvosi Hetilap 12/1980; 121(48 Suppl):18-21.