N Johansson

Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Province of Western Finland, Finland

Are you N Johansson?

Claim your profile

Publications (20)76.05 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to characterise the ability of malignant chondrosarcomas to invade normal bone by analysing their production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). For this purpose 12 chondrosarcomas were investigated for the expression of mRNAs for several MMPs and all 4 TIMPs by Northern hybridisation, and for immunohistochemical localisation of the proteins. A characteristic finding of these analyses was increased expression of MMP-13, MMP-14 and TIMP-2 mRNAs in chondrosarcomas when compared with nonmalignant control samples. Individual chondrosarcomas also exhibited elevated levels of MMP-1, MMP-7 and MMP-9 mRNAs. The results of Northern hybridisations were supported by immunohistochemical stainings of the corresponding tumour areas for MMP-2, MMP-14 and TIMP-2, further suggesting that these may have prognostic value for determining whether individual chondrosarcomas are locally aggressive or have a probability of recurrence. Another finding of the present study was a marked heterogeneity in histologic appearance and gene expression of the chondrosarcomas, emphasising the importance of analysing several areas of these tumours to get representative results. These findings suggest that analysis of MMPs could be a useful diagnostic indicator in patients with cartilaginous tumours and could help in differentiating between a low-grade malignant chondrosarcoma and a benign growing enchondroma.
    Apmis 06/2008; 109(4):305 - 315. · 2.07 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Collagenase-3 (MMP-13) is characterized by an exceptionally wide substrate specificity and restricted expression. MMP-13 is 1 of the few MMPs primarily expressed by tumor cells in malignant tumors, e.g., squamous cell carcinomas and its expression correlates with their invasion capacity. In this work, we have constructed an expression vector and a recombinant adenovirus harboring human MMP-13 cDNA to investigate the role of MMP-13 in cancer cell invasion. Our results show that constitutive expression of MMP-13 by HT-1080 cells stably transfected with MMP-13 expression vector or transduced with MMP-13 adenovirus markedly increased their invasion both through type I collagen and reconstituted basement membrane (Matrigel) with no alterations in expression or activation of collagenase-1 (MMP-1), gelatinase-A (MMP-2), or gelatinase-B (MMP-9). The enhanced invasion capacity of MMP-13 expressing HT-1080 cells was dependent on MMP activity, as it was blocked by MMP inhibitor Batimastat (BB-94) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-3 (TIMP-3). Our data provide direct evidence for the role of MMP-13 as a potent invasion proteinase, which alone can enhance the ability of malignant cells to penetrate through both basement membrane and fibrillar collagen.
    International Journal of Cancer 02/2002; 97(3):283-9. · 6.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to characterise the ability of malignant chondrosarcomas to invade normal bone by analysing their production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). For this purpose 12 chondrosarcomas were investigated for the expression of mRNAs for several MMPs and all 4 TIMPs by Northern hybridisation, and for immunohistochemical localisation of the proteins. A characteristic finding of these analyses was increased expression of MMP-13, MMP-14 and TIMP-2 mRNAs in chondrosarcomas when compared with nonmalignant control samples. Individual chondrosarcomas also exhibited elevated levels of MMP-1, MMP-7 and MMP-9 mRNAs. The results of Northern hybridisations were supported by immunohistochemical stainings of the corresponding tumour areas for MMP-2, MMP-14 and TIMP-2, further suggesting that these may have prognostic value for determining whether individual chondrosarcomas are locally aggressive or have a probability of recurrence. Another finding of the present study was a marked heterogeneity in histologic appearance and gene expression of the chondrosarcomas, emphasising the importance of analysing several areas of these tumours to get representative results. These findings suggest that analysis of MMPs could be a useful diagnostic indicator in patients with cartilaginous tumours and could help in differentiating between a low-grade malignant chondrosarcoma and a benign growing enchondroma.
    Apmis 05/2001; 109(4):305-15. · 2.07 Impact Factor
  • N Johansson, M Ahonen, V M Kähäri
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Controlled degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) is essential for the growth, invasion, and metastasis of malignant tumors, and for tumor-induced angiogenesis. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of zinc-dependent neutral endopeptidases collectively capable of degrading essentially all ECM components and they apparently play an important role in all these aspects of tumor development. Furthermore, recent evidence suggests that MMPs also play a role in tumor cell survival. In this review, we discuss the current concept concerning the role of MMPs and their inhibitors in tumor invasion, as a basis for prognosis and targeted therapeutic intervention in cancer.
    Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences CMLS 02/2000; 57(1):5-15. · 5.62 Impact Factor
  • N Johansson, V M Kähäri
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Controlled degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) is essential in many physiological situations including developmental tissue remodeling, angiogenesis, tissue repair, and normal turnover of ECM. In addition, degradation of matrix components is an important feature of tumor growth, invasion, metastasis, and tumor-induced angiogenesis. Matrix metallo-proteinases (MMPs) are a family of zinc-dependent neutral endopeptidases, which are collectively capable of degrading essentially all ECM components. MMPs apparently play an important role in all the above mentioned aspects of tumor development. In addition, there is recent evidence that MMP activity is required for tumor cell survival. At present, several MMP inhibitors are in clinical trials of malignant tumors of different histogenetic origin. In this review we discuss the current view on the role of MMPs and their inhibitors in development and invasion of squamous cell carcinomas, as a basis for prognostication and therapeutic intervention in these tumors.
    Histology and histopathology 02/2000; 15(1):225-37. · 2.28 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Collagenase-3 (MMP-13) is a human matrix metalloproteinase specifically expressed by transformed squamous epithelial cells, i.e. squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cells in culture and in vivo. Here, we have elucidated the signaling pathways regulating MMP-13 expression in transformed human epidermal keratinocytes, i.e. ras-transformed HaCaT cell line A-5 and cutaneous SCC cell line (UT-SCC-7). Treatment with tumor necrosis factor-(alpha) (TNF-(alpha) resulted in activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1,2, Jun N-terminal kinase and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in both cell lines. In addition, transforming growth factor-(beta) (TGF-(beta) activated p38 MAPK in both cell lines, and ERK2 in A-5 cells. Selective inhibition of p38 activity with SB 203580 abolished the enhancement of MMP-13, as well as collagenase-1 (MMP-1) and 92-kDa gelatinase (MMP-9) expression by TNF-(alpha) and TGF-(beta). Blocking the ERK1, 2 pathway by PD 98059 had no effect on the induction of MMP-13 expression by TNF-(alpha) or TGF-(beta), but potently suppressed MMP-1 and MMP-9 production. Inhibition of p38 activity by SB 203580 also suppressed collagenolytic activity produced by both cell lines and inhibited invasion of TNF-(alpha) or TGF-(beta) stimulated A-5 cells through type I collagen and reconstituted basement membrane (Matrigel). These results show that activation of p38 MAPK pathway plays a crucial role in the invasive phenotype of transformed squamous epithelial cells, suggesting p38 MAPK as a target to specifically inhibit their invasion.
    Journal of Cell Science 02/2000; 113 Pt 2:227-35. · 5.88 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Collagenase-3 (MMP-13) is characterized by an exceptionally wide substrate specificity and restricted expression. MMP-13 is specifically expressed by transformed human keratinocytes in squamous cell carcinomas in vivo and its expression correlates with their invasion capacity. Here, we show, that interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) markedly inhibits expression of MMP-13 by human cutaneous SCC cells (UT-SCC-7) and by ras-transformed human epidermal keratinocytes (A-5 cells) at the transcriptional level. In addition, IFN-gamma inhibits collagenase-1 (MMP-1) expression in these cells. IFN-gamma abolished the enhancement of MMP-13 and MMP-1 expression by transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and inhibited invasion of A-5 cells through type I collagen. IFN-gamma also rapidly and transiently activates extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1,2 (ERK1,2) and blocking ERK1,2 pathway (Raf/MEK1,2/ERK1,2) by specific MEK1,2 inhibitor PD98059 partially (by 50%) prevents Ser-727 phosphorylation of STAT1 and suppression of MMP-13 expression by IFN-gamma. Furthermore, Ser-727 phosphorylation of STAT1 by ERK1,2, or independently of ERK1,2 activation is associated with marked reduction in MMP-13 expression. These observations identify a novel role for IFN-gamma as a potent inhibitor of collagenolytic activity and invasion of transformed squamous epithelial cells, and show that inhibition of MMP-13 expression by IFN-gamma involves activation of ERK1,2 and STAT1.
    Oncogene 02/2000; 19(2):248-57. · 7.36 Impact Factor
  • Johansson N, Ahonen M, Kähäri VM
    Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences CMLS 01/2000; 57(1):5-15. · 5.62 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Collagenase-3 (MMP-13) is a human matrix metalloproteinase specifically expressed by invading tumor cells in squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) of the head and neck. Here, we have further elucidated the role of MMP-13 in tumor invasion by examining its expression in invasive malignant tumors of the female genital tract. Using in situ hybridization, expression of MMP-13 mRNA was detected in 9 of 12 vulvar SCCs, primarily in tumor cells, but not in intact vulvar epithelium, in cervical SCCs (n = 12), or in endometrial (n = 11) or ovarian adenocarcinomas (n = 8). MMP-13 expression was especially abundant in vulvar carcinomas showing metastasis to lymph nodes and was associated with expression of membrane type 1 MMP by tumor cells and gelatinase-A (MMP-2) by stromal cells, as detected by immunohistochemistry. MMP-13 mRNAs were detected in 9 of 11 cell lines established from vulvar carcinomas and in 4 of 6 cell lines from cervical carcinomas, whereas endometrial (n = 10) and ovarian (n = 9) carcinoma cell lines were negative for MMP-13 mRNA. No correlation was detected between MMP-13 expression and p53 gene mutations in vulvar SCC cell lines. However, MMP-13 expression was detected in 5 of 6 vulvar and cervical SCC cell lines harboring HPV 16 or 68 DNA. These results show that MMP-13 is specifically expressed by malignantly transformed squamous epithelial cells, including vulvar SCC cells, and appears to serve as a marker for their invasive capacity.
    American Journal Of Pathology 03/1999; 154(2):469-80. · 4.52 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Collagenase-3 (MMP-13) is a novel matrix metalloproteinase, the expression of which has so far only been documented in human breast carcinomas and osteoarthritic cartilage. In this study we have examined the expression of MMP-13 during human fetal development. Northern blot hybridizations revealed abundant expression of MMP-13 mRNAs in total RNA from fetal cartilage and calvaria at gestational age of 15 weeks. By in situ hybridization MMP-13 transcripts were detected in chondrocytes of hypertrophic cartilage in vertebrae of the spinal column and in the dorsal end of ribs undergoing ossification, as well as in osteoblasts and periosteal cells below the inner periosteal region of ossified ribs. In contrast, no expression of MMP-13 could be detected in osteoclasts. Furthermore, expression of MMP-13 mRNA was detected in osteoblasts and fibroblasts primarily on the inner side of calvarial bone of the skull at 16 weeks of gestation. Expression of MMP-13 mRNA by primary human fetal chondrocytes in culture was enhanced by transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and inhibited by bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2). No expression of MMP-13 mRNA could be noted in other fetal tissues, including the skin, lungs, neural tissue, muscle, and liver. These results suggest that MMP-13 plays an important role in the extracellular matrix remodeling during fetal bone development both via endochondral and intramembranous ossification. Dev. Dyn. 208:387–395, 1997. © 1997 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Developmental Dynamics 12/1998; 208(3):387 - 397. · 2.59 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Increased proliferation of mucosal epithelium during inflammation is associated with degradation of subepithelial connective tissue matrix and local invasion of the epithelial cells. Here we have studied, whether collagenase-3 (MMP-13), a collagenolytic matrix metalloproteinase with an exceptionally wide substrate specificity, is expressed in the epithelium of chronically inflamed mucosa. Examination of human gingival tissue sections from subjects with chronic adult periodontitis with in situ hybridization revealed marked expression of MMP-13 in basal cells of some epithelial rete ridges expanding into connective tissue. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated that these cells also expressed strongly laminin-5, suggesting that they are actively migrating cells. A strong signal for MMP-13 mRNA was occasionally also noted in the suprabasal epithelial cells facing the gingival pocket, whereas no collagenase-1 (MMP-1) mRNA was detected in any areas of the epithelium. MMP-13 expression was also detected in fibroblast-like cells associated with collagen fibers of the inflamed subepithelial connective tissue. In organ culture of human oral mucosa, MMP-13 mRNA expression was observed in epithelial cells growing into connective tissue of the specimens. Regulation of MMP-13 expression was examined in cultured normal nonkeratinizing epithelial cells isolated from porcine periodontal ligament. In these cells, MMP-13 expression at the mRNA and protein level was potently enhanced (up to sixfold) by tumor necrosis factor-alpha, transforming growth factor-beta(1), and transforming growth factor-alpha and by keratinocyte growth factor in the presence of heparin. In addition, plating periodontal ligament epithelial cells on type I collagen stimulated MMP-13 expression (sevenfold) as compared with cells grown on tissue culture plastic. The results of this study show, that expression of MMP-13 is specifically induced in undifferentiated epithelial cells during chronic inflammation due to exposure to cytokines and collagen. Thus, it is likely that MMP-13 expression is instrumental in the subepithelial collagenolysis and local invasion of the activated mucosal epithelium into the connective tissue.
    American Journal Of Pathology 07/1998; 152(6):1489-99. · 4.52 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We studied the expression and regulation of TIMP-3, a recently cloned member of the tissue inhibitor of the metalloproteinase family, during human fetal development and in various human tissues, with emphasis on epithelial structures. Expression of TIMP-3 mRNA was detected by in situ hybridization in developing bone, kidney, and various mesenchymal structures. At 16 weeks of gestation, ectoderm-derived cells of hair germs expressed TIMP-3 mRNA, and beginning from the twentieth week consistent expression was detected in epithelial outer root sheath cells of growing hair follicles. In normal adult human skin, expression of TIMP-3 mRNA was limited to hair follicles, starting at the early anagen (growing) phase and vanishing at the catagen (regressing) phase. TIMP-3 mRNA was not detected in benign hair follicle-derived tumors but was present in tumor cells of infiltrative basal cell carcinomas and in surrounding stromal cells in squamous cell carcinomas. Human primary keratinocytes in culture expressed TIMP-3 mRNAs, the levels of which were upregulated by transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), whereas interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) had no effect. Our results suggest a role for TIMP-3 in connective tissue remodeling during fetal development, hair growth cycle, and cancer progression.
    Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 04/1998; 46(4):437-47. · 2.26 Impact Factor
  • Advances in experimental medicine and biology 02/1998; 451:63-8. · 1.83 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In normal adult human skin, expression of epidermal integrins is confined to keratinocytes in the basal layer. However, suprabasal expression of alpha 2, alpha 3 and beta 1 integrin subunits is noted in hyperproliferative epidermis in wound repair and psoriasis. In this study, we examined the effect of topical all-trans-retinoic acid (RA), known to induce epidermal hyperplasia, on expression of integrins in human epidermis. Immunostaining of vehicle-treated skin revealed expression of alpha 2, alpha 3 and beta 1, as well as alpha 6 and beta 4 integrin subunits entirely on basal keratinocytes. Topical application of RA (0.1%) for 2 weeks resulted in marked suprabasal expression of alpha 2, alpha 3 and beta 1 integrin subunits, whereas alpha 6 and beta 4 staining remained on basal keratinocytes. Staining for putative ligands of alpha 2 beta 1 and alpha 3 beta 1 integrins, i.e. type IV collagen, laminin-5 and fibronectin, was not detected in the epidermal layer in RA- or vehicle-treated skin. Treatment of HaCaT keratinocytes in culture with RA (1 mumol/L) enhanced alpha 2 and beta 1 mRNA abundance. Furthermore, RA slightly up-regulated the expression of alpha 2, alpha 3 and beta 1 integrin subunits on primary epidermal keratinocytes and HaCaT cells in culture with no effect on cell proliferation. These results provide evidence that RA-elicited epidermal hyperplasia is associated with aberrant suprabasal expression of alpha 2 beta 1 and alpha 3 beta 1 integrins, and that this also involves direct stimulation of keratinocyte integrin expression by RA.
    British Journal of Dermatology 01/1998; 138(1):29-36. · 3.76 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Dermatological Science - J DERMATOLOGICAL SCI. 01/1998; 16.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) of the head and neck are malignant tumors with high capacity to invade and metastasize. We have examined expression of the new collagenase, collagenase-3 (MMP-13), in SCCs of the head and neck. MMP-13 mRNAs were detected in 22 of 29 SCC cell lines: in 14 of 15 primary SCC cell lines and in 8 of 14 SCC cell lines from recurrent tumors or metastases. MMP-13 mRNAs were expressed by all 6 cell lines from highly invasive primary tumors and in all 4 cell lines from small aggressive tumors. Using in situ hybridization, MMP-13 mRNAs were detected in 15 of 17 SCC tumor samples. In most tumors, MMP-13 was expressed by tumor cells at the invading front of the tumors, but in a subset of SCCs, MMP-13 mRNA was also expressed by stromal fibroblasts. No MMP-13 expression was detected in intact skin or oral mucosa. MMP-13 mRNA levels in SCC cells were enhanced by transforming growth factor-beta, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, transforming growth factor-alpha, and keratinocyte growth factor. Specific expression of MMP-13 by SCC cells in vitro and in vivo strongly suggests a role for MMP-13 in the high invasion capacity of SCC cells.
    American Journal Of Pathology 09/1997; 151(2):499-508. · 4.52 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Co-expression of several members of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family is a characteristic of human carcinomas. To investigate the role of the recently cloned collagenase-3 (MMP-13) in epidermal tumors, we studied samples representing malignant (basal and squamous cell carcinoma, Paget's disease), pre-malignant (Bowen's disease, solar keratosis), and benign (keratoacanthoma, seborrheic keratosis, linear epidermal nevus) tumors. Basal cell carcinomas expressed collagenase-3 mRNA in focal areas of keratinized cells, the squamous differentiation of which was confirmed by positive immunostaining for involucrin. Apoptosis was observed in central parts of these foci. In squamous cell carcinomas, collagenase-3 expression was detected at the epithelial tumor front and less frequently in the surrounding stromal cells. Collagenase-3 mRNA co-localized with immunostaining for laminin-5, an adhesion molecule suggested to participate in the migration of tumor cells. The pre-malignant and benign tumors were mostly negative for collagenase-3. Stromelysin-1, a potential activator of latent collagenases, was frequently expressed by stromal cells surrounding the malignant tumors, and the two MMPs occasionally co-localized in keratotic foci. Our results demonstrate that in basal cell carcinomas, expression of collagenase-3 is associated with terminal differentiation of epithelial cells. Furthermore, the gene is activated during skin carcinogenesis, and we suggest a role for collagenase-3 in degradation of the extracellular matrix associated with malignant epithelial growth.
    Journal of Investigative Dermatology 09/1997; 109(2):225-31. · 6.19 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Proteolysis is an intrinsic component of cutaneous wound repair and several matrix metalloproteinases have been shown to participate in various stages of this process. Therefore, we investigated the expression of a novel metalloproteinase, collagenase-3 (MMP-13), in normally healing cutaneous wounds and chronic venous ulcers. MMP-13 was expressed abundantly by fibroblasts deep in the chronic ulcer bed but was not detected in epidermis and all the acute wounds. The spatial expression of MMP-13 differed from that of collagenase-1 (MMP-1), which was prominently expressed by migrating keratinocytes and dermal cells located just beneath the wound surface. Northern blot hybridization did not reveal expression of MMP-13 by fibroblasts cultured on tissue culture plastic. In accordance with our in vivo findings, however, fibroblasts grown in a collagen gel produced MMP-13 mRNA abundantly. Our results suggest that MMP-13 can be induced in skin during wound repair after altered cell-matrix interactions. Although both MMP-1 and MMP-13 have the unique ability to degrade fibrillar collagens, their regulation and role during wound repair seem different. Collagenase-1 is critical for re-epithelialization, and MMP-13 most likely plays a role in the remodeling of collagenous matrix in chronic wounds.
    Journal of Investigative Dermatology 08/1997; 109(1):96-101. · 6.19 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Collagenase-3 (MMP-13) is a novel matrix metalloproteinase, the expression of which has so far only been documented in human breast carcinomas and osteoarthritic cartilage. In this study we have examined the expression of MMP-13 during human fetal development. Northern blot hybridizations revealed abundant expression of MMP-13 mRNAs in total RNA from fetal cartilage and calvaria at gestational age of 15 weeks. By in situ hybridization MMP-13 transcripts were detected in chondrocytes of hypertrophic cartilage in vertebrae of the spinal column and in the dorsal end of ribs undergoing ossification, as well as in osteoblasts and periosteal cells below the inner periosteal region of ossified ribs. In contrast, no expression of MMP-13 could be detected in osteoclasts. Furthermore, expression of MMP-13 mRNA was detected in osteoblasts and fibroblasts primarily on the inner side of calvarial bone of the skull at 16 weeks of gestation. Expression of MMP-13 mRNA by primary human fetal chondrocytes in culture was enhanced by transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and inhibited by bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2). No expression of MMP-13 mRNA could be noted in other fetal tissues, including the skin, lungs, neural tissue, muscle, and liver. These results suggest that MMP-13 plays an important role in the extracellular matrix remodeling during fetal bone development both via endochondral and intramembranous ossification.
    Developmental Dynamics 04/1997; 208(3):387-97. · 2.59 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Collagenase-3 (matrix metalloproteinase 13; MMP-13) is a novel matrix metalloproteinase, the expression of which to date has only been detected in human breast carcinoma tissue and osteoarthritic cartilage. Here, we show that MMP-13 transcripts are expressed by human HaCaT keratinocytes but not by primary human epidermal keratinocytes. The levels of MMP-13 mRNAs in HaCaT cells were enhanced up to 130- and 45-fold by tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta), respectively. The maximal induction of MMP-13 mRNAs by TNF-alpha was noted after a 6-h incubation, whereas with TGF-beta, the maximal stimulation was observed after 24 h. The up-regulation of MMP-13 mRNA abundance by TNF-alpha and TGF-beta was dependent on protein synthesis and was prevented partially by dexamethasone and retinoic acid. Nuclear run-on assays demonstrated activation of MMP-13 gene transcription by TNF-alpha maximally at the 2-h time point and by TGF-beta after 12 h of treatment. Incubation of HaCaT keratinocytes with TNF-alpha and TGF-beta also increased production of proMMP-13 into the culture media, as detected by Western blotting. Our data indicate that the MMP-13 gene is expressed by transformed epidermal keratinocytes, suggesting a role for MMP-13 in the invasive capacity of human epidermal malignancies.
    Cell growth & differentiation: the molecular biology journal of the American Association for Cancer Research 03/1997; 8(2):243-50.

Publication Stats

2k Citations
76.05 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2000–2008
    • Åbo Akademi University
      • • Turku Centre for Biotechnology
      • • Centre for Biotechnology
      Turku, Province of Western Finland, Finland
    • Turku centre for biotechnology, finland
      Turku, Province of Western Finland, Finland
  • 1997–2000
    • University of Turku
      • • MediCity Research Laboratory
      • • Department of Periodontology
      • • Department of Dermatology and Venereology
      Turku, Western Finland, Finland
  • 1997–1999
    • Turku University Hospital
      • Department of Dermatology
      Turku, Western Finland, Finland
  • 1998
    • University of British Columbia - Vancouver
      • Department of Oral Biological and Medical Sciences
      Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada