[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: CD36, belongs to class B scavenger receptor family, is a macrophage receptor for oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) and has been proven to play a critical role in atherosclerotic foam cell formation. In addition, CD36 expression is regulated by many factors including oxLDL and HDL. A recent study suggests that CD36 can also bind with oxidized high-density lipoprotein (oxHDL). However, the direct role of oxHDL in atherosclerosis is still not clear and it is not known whether oxHDL has any influence on the expression of CD36 in macrophages. Here, we performed experiments to investigate the effect of oxHDL on the expression of CD36 on human peripheral blood monocytes-macrophages and the possible mechanisms. Our results suggest that the uptake of oxHDL by CD36 on macrophages accelerates foam cell formation. In addition, oxHDL can down-regulate both the mRNA and surface protein expression of CD36 on human peripheral macrophages in vitro. oxHDL increased the mRNA expression and protein phosphorylation of peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma). Using different mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitors, we demonstrated that oxHDL regulated CD36 and PPARgamma expression in a p38-MAP kinase dependent mechanism.
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 05/2010; 342(1-2):171-81. · 2.33 Impact Factor