Publications (2)4.66 Total impact
Article: Thermotropic and barotropic phase transitions in bilayer membranes of ether-linked phospholipids with varying alkyl chain lengths.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The bilayer phase transitions of a series of ether-linked phospholipids, 1,2-dialkylphosphatidylcholines containing linear saturated alkyl chain (C(n)=12, 14, 16 and 18), were observed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) under ambient pressure and light-transmittance measurements under high pressure. The thermodynamic quantities of the pre- and main-transitions for the ether-linked PC bilayer membranes were calculated and compared with those of a series of ester-linked PCs, 1,2-diacylphosphatidylcholines. The thermodynamic quantities of the main transition for the ether-linked PC bilayers showed distinct dependence on alkyl-chain length and were slightly different from those of the ester-linked PC bilayers. From the comparison of thermodynamic quantities for the main transition between both PC bilayers, we revealed that the attractive interaction in the gel phase for the ether-linked PC bilayers is weaker than that for the ester-linked PC bilayers. Regarding the pretransition, although changes in enthalpy and entropy for both PC bilayers were comparable to each other, the volume changes of the ether-linked PC bilayers roughly doubled those of the ester-linked PC bilayers. The larger volume change results from the smallest partial molar volume of the ether-linked PC molecule in the interdigitated gel phase. Further, we constructed the temperature-pressure phase diagrams for the ether-linked PC bilayers by using the phase-transition data. The region of the interdigitated gel phase in the phase diagrams was extended by applying pressure and by increasing the alkyl-chain length of the molecule. Comparing the phase diagrams with those for the ester-linked PC bilayers, it was proved that the phase behavior of the ester-linked PC bilayers under high temperature and pressure is almost equivalent to that of the ether-linked PC bilayers in the vicinity of ambient pressure.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 04/2007; 1768(3):479-89. · 4.66 Impact Factor
Article: Barotropic and thermotropic bilayer phase behavior of positional isomers of unsaturated mixed-chain phosphatidylcholines[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The bilayer phase transitions of six kinds of mixed-chain phosphatidylcholines (PCs) with an unsaturated acyl chain in the sn-1 or sn-2 position, 1-oleoyl-2-stearoyl- (OSPC), 1-stearoyl-2-oleoyl- (SOPC), 1-oleoyl-2-palmitoyl- (OPPC), 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl- (POPC), 1-oleoyl-2-myristoyl- (OMPC) and 1-myristoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (MOPC), were observed by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and high-pressure light transmittance measurements. Bilayer membranes of SOPC, POPC and MOPC with an unsaturated acyl chain in the sn-2 position exhibited only one phase transition, which was identified as the main transition between the lamellar gel (Lβ) and liquid crystalline (Lα) phases. On the other hand, the bilayer membranes of OSPC, OPPC and OMPC with an unsaturated acyl chain in the sn-1 position exhibited not only the main transition but also a transition from the lamellar crystal (Lc) to the Lβ (or Lα) phase. The stability of their gel phases was markedly affected by pressure and chain length of the saturated acyl chain in the sn-2 position. Considering the effective chain lengths of unsaturated mixed-chain PCs, the difference in the effective chain length between the sn-1 and sn-2 acyl chains was proven to be closely related to the temperature difference of the main transition. That is, a mismatch of the effective chain length promotes a temperature difference of the main transition between the positional isomers. Anomalously small volume changes of the Lc/Lα transition for the OPPC and OMPC bilayers were found despite their large enthalpy changes. This behavior is attributable to the existence of a cis double bond and to significant inequivalence between the sn-1 and sn-2 acyl chains, which brings about a small volume change for chain melting due to loose chain packing, corresponding to a large partial molar volume, even in the Lc phase. Further, the bilayer behavior of unsaturated mixed-chain PCs containing an unsaturated acyl chain in the sn-1 or sn-2 position was well explained by the chemical-potential diagram of a lipid in each phase.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes.