Elena Yu. Blishchenko

Russian Academy of Sciences, Moskva, Moscow, Russia

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Publications (19)38.72 Total impact

  • Advances in experimental medicine and biology 02/2009; 611:399-400. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Twenty-two fragments of beta-actin and beta-actin-related protein were isolated from the acidic extracts of rat spleen tissue. beta-Actin fragments (75-90), (78-89), and (78-88), 0.01-1 microM, decreased live cell number of L929 murine tumor fibroblasts by 80-90%, with maximal cytotoxic effect of 30-40%. The fragments of (78-90) segment and the fragment of beta-actin-related protein (69-77) were less active (inhibitory effect up to 55%, cytotoxic-up to 25%).
    Journal of Peptide Science 08/2008; 14(7):811-8. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neokyotorphin [TSKYR, hemoglobin alpha-chain fragment (137-141)] has previously been shown to enhance fibroblast proliferation, its effect depending on cell density and serum level. Here we show the dependence of the effect of neokyotorphin on cell type and its correlation with the effect of protein kinase A (PKA) activator 8-Br-cAMP, but not the PKC activator 4beta-phorbol 12-myristate, 13-acetate (PMA). In L929 fibroblasts, the proliferative effect of neokyotorphin was suppressed by the Ca2+ L-type channel inhibitors verapamil or nifedipine, the intracellular Ca2+ chelator 1,2-bis(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid acetoxymethyl ester, kinase inhibitors H-89 (PKA), KN-62 (Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent kinase II) and PD98059 (mitogen-activated protein kinase). The proliferative effect of 8-Br-cAMP was also suppressed by KN-62 and PD98059. PKC suppression (downregulation with PMA or inhibition with bisindolylmaleimide XI) did not affect neokyotorphin action. The results obtained point to a cAMP-like action for neokyotorphin.
    FEBS Journal 02/2007; 274(2):474-84. · 4.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Murine myelomonocytes WEHI-3 and human erythroid leukemia K562 cells were shown to release peptides into the surrounding medium. Four N-terminal sequences of the peptides derived from unknown protein precursors were identified in the conditioned medium of WEHI-3 culture. Twelve N-terminal sequences of the peptides released by K562 cells were established. K562 cells were shown to release long hemoglobin α- and ε-chains fragments, as well as peptides derived from carbonic anhydrase XI, melanophilin, cadherin EGF LAG G-type receptor 2, aldolase A, melastatin 1, peptide homologous to ryanodine re- ceptor fragment, and a few peptides derived from the proteins with unknown function. Comparative analysis of the peptides released by the intact erythroid leukemia K562 cells and the same cells after differentiation (induced by guanosine monophosphate, GMP, and accompanied by start of hemoglobin biosynthesis), has demonstrated that the level of six components, including all established hemoglobin fragments, carbonic anhydrase fragment, and the fragment of the unknown protein significantly increased in the course of differentia- tion. The spectrum of the peptides released by K562 cells strongly differed from that of the mature erythrocytes: (1) in contrast to the mature erythrocytes, K562 cells release long α-glo- bin fragments and the fragment of ε-globin; (2) erythrocytes almost exclusively release the products of hemoglobin proteolysis; in the case of K562 cells the fragments of enzymes, re- ceptors, and other functional proteins were found. So, the concentration and the content of the individual peptides released by the cells depend on the differentiation state. The comparative analysis of the dynamics of peptide secretion by human erythrocytes performed in the presence and the absence of the 3 % glucose has shown that the rate of the peptide release strongly depends on cell metabolism. In summary, peptidomic studies of cell cultures provide valuable information on the mechanisms of peptide pool formation in tissues and the whole organism.
    Pure and Applied Chemistry - PURE APPL CHEM. 01/2006; 78(5):963-975.
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    ABSTRACT: The action of the cytostatic drugs (epirubicin and vincristine) in combination with the endogenous antiproliferative beta-hemoglobin fragment (33-39), valorphin, was studied in tumor (L929 and A549) cell cultures, primary culture of murine bone marrow cells and in murine model of breast carcinoma in vivo. Simultaneous application of 1 microM valorphin and 1 microM epirubicin, in vitro, did not result in an additive suppressive effect on cell culture growth. Additive effects were achieved with alternating applications of the peptide and the drugs, namely, 0.5 microM (but not 1 microM) epirubicin added 24 h prior to 1 microM valorphin; 1 microM valorphin added 48 h prior to 0.1 microM epirubicin, or 0.1 microM vincristine, or 0.05 microM vincristine, which resulted in 100% cell death in the both series with vincristine and up to 78% cell biomass reduction in the experiments with epirubicin. In the in vivo model (female BLRB mice with subcutaneously inoculated syngeneic mammary carcinoma), simultaneous treatment with 25 mg/m(2) epirubicin and 1 mg/kg valorphin resulted in 42% of tumor growth inhibition, as compared with the negative control group and 22% inhibition as compared with the epirubcin-treated group (at 20th day of treatment). Survival was significantly improved (69% compared to 39% in the group treated with epirubicin only) at day 26 after the treatment beginning.
    Cancer biology & therapy 02/2005; 4(1):118-24. · 3.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The driving forces, incentives and strategic targets of peptide synthesis have undergone considerable evolution during the centenary following the pioneer work of Emil Fischer. In those days peptide synthesis was considered as a way of confirming the polypeptide theory of protein structure. The scientific community also expected (naively) that the synthesis would eventually lead to the creation of artificial living organisms. Only in the 1950s, when the first exact amino acid sequences were established did peptide chemistry obtain firmer ground and clearly defined targets. The total synthesis of peptide hormones and antibiotics became possible, providing valuable material for elucidating structure-functional relationships and the mechanisms of biological action. In the following years the number of peptides isolated from various biological sources grew with impressive speed and peptides became known as the most abundant, ubiquitous group of low molecular bioregulators. The design and synthesis of novel peptide based pharmaceuticals became an important area of peptide chemistry. At present we are facing the challenge of analysing the structures and bioactivities of total sets of peptides, i.e. peptidoms, present in concrete tissues or groups of cells. The results obtained along these lines at the IBCH RAS Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry are briefly considered in the review.
    Journal of Peptide Science 10/2003; 9(9):553-62. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: alpha-Hemoglobin fragments alpha-(133-141), alpha-(134-141), alpha-(135-141), alpha-(137-141), alpha-(134-140), alpha-(133-138), alpha-(134-140) and alpha-(137-138) stimulate L929 tumor cell proliferation, alpha-(134-141) being the most active. alpha-(134-141) stimulates proliferation of M3 melanoma cells, murine embryonic fibroblasts, primary cultures of red bone marrow and spleen cells. In L929 cells the effect of alpha-(134-141) is cell density independent; in M3 cells alpha-(137-141) and alpha-(134-141) are most active at density 10,000 cells/well (96 well plate) independently on FBS content.
    Protein and Peptide Letters 09/2003; 10(4):386-95. · 1.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The antiproliferative effects of the haemoglobin beta-chain fragment (33-39) (valorphin or VV-haemorphin-5) were studied in a panel of tumour cell lines and normal cells of different origin, using various methods of activity determination (trypan blue inclusion test, sulphorhodamine B staining, MTT staining, flow cytometry and clonogenic test). Valorphin suppressed the proliferation of tumour cells by 25%-95%, depending on the cell line. The maximal valorphin activity was detected in transformed cells of fibroblastic (L929) and epithelial (MCF-7) origin, transformed haematopoietic cells (K562, HL-60) being less sensitive. In normal cells, valorphin activity was several fold lower (10%-15%). A study of the dynamics of cell proliferation in L929 cells using a visual cell count and flow cytometry showed that valorphin induced reversible and relatively short (24 h) S-phase arrest of cell proliferation, accompanied by a reversible increase of cell size. The proliferation delay was followed by a comparatively long period of reversible resistance of the cells to the peptide (96 h) when the cells are dividing at normal rate. The same dynamics were demonstrated for A549, MCF-7 and primary murine breast carcinoma cells. On the basis of the data obtained, a pattern of regulation of cell growth by valorphin is suggested.
    Journal of Peptide Science 09/2002; 8(8):438-52. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hemorphins, i.e. endogenous fragments of beta-globin chain segment (32-41) LVVYPWTQRY(F) suppress the growth of transformed murine fibroblasts L929 cell culture, the effect is due to cytotoxicity and inhibition of cell proliferation. The contribution of cytotoxicity depends on the presence of Leu(32): VV-hemorphins, except VV-hemorphin-4, exhibit cytotoxicity significantly higher than respective LVV-hemorphins. Decrease of cell number induced by hemorphins depend on the extent of N- and C-terminal degradation of hemorphins: VV-hemorphins in most cases are more active than LVV-, V-hemorphins, and hemorphins. In the group of VV-hemorphins the activity of VV-hemorphin-5 (valorphin) is significantly higher than of VV-hemorphin-7, VV-hemorphin-6, and VV-hemorphin-4, meaning that the presence of C-terminal Gln is important for suppressing of cell number. The amino acid sequence VVYPWTQ corresponding to valorphin was identified as important for manifestation of the both cytotoxic and antiproliferative effects.
    Peptides 06/2002; 23(5):903-10. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is shown that neokyotorphin (the alpha-globin fragment 137-141) stimulates proliferation of normal cells (murine embryonic fibroblasts, red bone marrow and spleen cells) and tumor cells (murine melanoma and transformed fibroblasts L929) in the absence or in the presence of fetal bovine serum. In contrast to serum deprivation conditions, the ability to potentiate L929 cell growth in the presence of fetal serum is strongly cell density dependent. The peptide also enhances the viability of L929 cells, murine embryonic fibroblasts and of the primary cultures of murine red bone marrow cells and splenocytes under serum-deprivation conditions for at least 72 h. The results of flow cytometry analysis suggest that the effect of neokyotorphin on survival of L929 cells in serum-free culture medium is due to maintenance of cell proliferation in the absence of growth factors. Along with cell cycle progression the peptide induces reversible reduction of L929 cell size.
    Peptides 01/2002; 22(12):1999-2008. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is shown that neokyotorphin (the α-globin fragment 137–141) stimulates proliferation of normal cells (murine embryonic fibroblasts, red bone marrow and spleen cells) and tumor cells (murine melanoma and transformed fibroblasts L929) in the absence or in the presence of fetal bovine serum. In contrast to serum deprivation conditions, the ability to potentiate L929 cell growth in the presence of fetal serum is strongly cell density dependent. The peptide also enhances the viability of L929 cells, murine embryonic fibroblasts and of the primary cultures of murine red bone marrow cells and splenocytes under serum-deprivation conditions for at least 72 h. The results of flow cytometry analysis suggest that the effect of neokyotorphin on survival of L929 cells in serum-free culture medium is due to maintenance of cell proliferation in the absence of growth factors. Along with cell cycle progression the peptide induces reversible reduction of L929 cell size.
    Peptides 01/2001; 22(12):1999-2008. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chromatographic separation of rat brain extracts followed by automatic Edman sequencing of the major individual components resulted in identification of 61 endogenous peptides derived from known functional proteins (hemoglobin, myelin basic protein, cytochrome-c oxidase, etc.) or unknown precursors. The results are compared with the data obtained earlier for bovine brain. Although the sequences of bovine and rat hemoglobin contain about 20% of amino acid substitutions, the families of structurally related peptides are very similar in both extracts. Several other proteins also give rise to identical or closely related peptide fragments in the two mammalian species. The outlined similarity extends almost exclusively to the most abundant peptides present in the extracts. The minor components show less overlap. Four hemoglobin-derived peptides isolated from rat brain were shown to be biologically active in tumor cells. Eleven are identical to bioactive peptides from other species. Ten structurally overlap with bioactive peptides from other sources. The data obtained show similar biosynthetic pathways of pool components in different species, the resultant peptides being aimed at fulfilling related functions.
    Journal of Peptide Science 09/2000; 6(8):345-54. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chromatographic separation of rat brain extracts followed by automatic Edman sequencing of the major individual components resulted in identification of 61 endogenous peptides derived from known functional proteins (hemoglobin, myelin basic protein, cytochrome-c oxidase, etc.) or unknown precursors. The results are compared with the data obtained earlier for bovine brain. Although the sequences of bovine and rat hemoglobin contain about 20% of amino acid substitutions, the families of structurally related peptides are very similar in both extracts. Several other proteins also give rise to identical or closely related peptide fragments in the two mammalian species. The outlined similarity extends almost exclusively to the most abundant peptides present in the extracts. The minor components show less overlap. Four hemoglobin-derived peptides isolated from rat brain were shown to be biologically active in tumor cells. Eleven are identical to bioactive peptides from other species. Ten structurally overlap with bioactive peptides from other sources. The data obtained show similar biosynthetic pathways of pool components in different species, the resultant peptides being aimed at fulfilling related functions. Copyright © 2000 European Peptide Society and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Journal of Peptide Science 07/2000; 6(8):345 - 354. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Systematic analysis of several tissue extracts for peptide components followed by bioactivity studies leads to formulation of the concept of "tissue-specific peptide pools". According to that concept the endogenous proteolysis of proteins with well-established functions, such as hemoglobin, actin, and cellular enzymes in tissues leads to formation of the sets (or pools) of bioactive peptides. The sets are tissue-specific on one hand and conservative in a given tissue at normal conditions on the other. The content and the composition of pool components are sensitive both to pathologies linked with alterations of tissue metabolism and to prolonged physiological changes. In vivo formation of fragments of functional proteins includes several consecutive proteolytic stages inside the cells and further release of bioactive compounds into the surrounding medium. The effects of pool components take place predominantly at tissue and cellular levels, their effects being related to stimulation or inhibition of cell growth, induction of cell differentiation, and death. The above-mentioned features lead to the proposal that the main in vivo function of components of tissue-specific peptides is maintenance of tissue homeostasis, i.e., the normal ratio of functional, dividing, differentiating, and dying cells of tissues. Components of tissue-specific peptide pools display several features distinguishing them from "classical" peptide hormones and neuromediators. Summarizing, a novel peptidergic regulatory system is considered.
    Pure and Applied Chemistry - PURE APPL CHEM. 01/2000; 72(3):355-363.
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    ABSTRACT: Human erythrocytes release neokyotorphin, the 137-141 fragment of hemoglobin alpha-chain into the supernatant of red blood cells primary culture. However, the neokyotorphin fragment 1-4 that is formed together with neokyotorphin inside the red blood cells and in various tissues is not found in the supernatant. Both neokyotorphin and its 1-4 fragment were shown to stimulate proliferation of L929 tumor cells.
    FEBS Letters 10/1997; 414(1):125-8. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acetylcholine receptor ligands were studied for cytotoxicity in K562 human erythroid leukemia tumor cells. Cytotoxicity of carbachol, an agonist of acetylcholine receptors, atropine, an antagonist of muscarinic acetylcholine receptor, neurotoxin 11 (NT II) from Naja naja oxiana cobra venom and tubocurarine, antagonists of acetylcholine receptor of nicotinic type was exhibited in the 10-7-10-5 M concentration range. Several cytolytic processes, two for carbachol and three for other ligands, corresponding to different concentrations of each ligand were detected. All acetylcholine receptor ligands induced internucleosomal DNA fragmentation.
    Biochemistry and molecular biology international 07/1997; 42(4):739-47.
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    O A Mernenko, E Y Blishchenko, I I Mirkina, A A Karelin
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    ABSTRACT: Cytolytic activity of Met-enkephalin, an endogenous opioid peptide, was studied within the 10(-7)-10(-17) M concentration range in K562 human erythroid leukemia cells. Cytolytic activity was determined by the trypan blue inclusion method after 13, 15 and 18 h of Met-enkephalin co-incubation with target cells. Discrete maxima of cytolytic activity were detected at concentrations of 10(-9)-10(-10), 10(-13) and 10(-15) M. Cytolysis was accompanied by internucleosomal DNA fragmentation which is indicative of the mechanism of cell death being apoptosis.
    FEBS Letters 05/1996; 383(3):230-2. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The content of biologically active hemoglobin fragment neokyotorphin (TSKYR) as well as that of neokyotorphin fragment (1-4) (TSKY) were determined in extracts of lung, heart, and brain tissue of rats. The content of both peptides as well as the neokyotorphin/neokyotorphin(1-4) ratio differed significantly from each other in these tissues. The respective parameters deviate considerably from those of erythocytes where these peptides are originally formed. Comparative analysis of cytolytic activity of peptides was performed at human erythroid leukaemia (K562) and murine transformed fibroblast (L929) cell lines. TSKY showed reliable cytolytic activity in both cell lines, while neokytorphin was not cytotoxic. The data obtained lead to speculation that endogenous hemoglobin fragments might participate in regulation of tumor growthin vivo.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 01/1996; 224(3):721-727. · 2.28 Impact Factor
  • Vadim T. Ivanov, E. Yu. Blishchenko, Andrey A. Karelin
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    ABSTRACT: Peptidomic research recently reviewed in is gradually establishing its position among other branches of biomolecular science, such as genomics and proteomics dealing with progressive stages of transformation of primary genetic information. Scope and limitations of modern analytical techniques in total screening of biological objects for endogenous peptides will be discussed. New data will be presented on peptide generation by microorganisms, cell cultures and plants. Considerable attention will be afforded to the biological role of peptides formed in vivo by proteolysis of precursor proteins with other, well defined functions, such as hemoglobin or actin. Peptidomic research provides access to a huge number of potentially or factually active components which is an invaluable source of peptide drug leads. The first steps in medically oriented peptidomic studies will be discussed.

Publication Stats

102 Citations
38.72 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2000–2008
    • Russian Academy of Sciences
      Moskva, Moscow, Russia
  • 2000–2007
    • Pacific Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry
      Wladiwostok, Primorskiy, Russia