Eiji Owada

Hokkaido Pharmaceutical University School of Pharmacy, Otaru, Hokkaidō, Japan

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Publications (3)5.36 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: UDP-glucuronocyltransferase 2B7 (UGT2B7) catalyzes glucuronidation of various types of endogenous compounds and drugs, but the genetic basis of interindividual variation in the metabolism of these substances has not yet been sufficiently elucidated. In addition, information about single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and haplotypes of the UGT2B7 gene that encode the enzyme in the Japanese population is still far from sufficient. We paid special attention to and performed an investigation on -327A > G, -161T > C, -138G > A, and -125T > C in the proximal promoter region, which is regarded as being important for the transcription of the UGT2B7 gene, and also on 211G > A and 802C > T, i.e., non-synonymous SNPs of exon 1 and exon 2 that encode the substrate binding domain. Their genotypes were determined by PCR-direct sequencing. As a result of genotyping, the minor allele frequencies in 160 Japanese individuals were found to be as follows: -327SNP A allele, 0.244; -161SNP T allele, 0.244; -138SNP A allele, 0; -125SNP C allele, 0.078; 211SNP T allele, 0.148 and 802SNP T allele, 0.244. By computational haplotype analysis, it was found that these regions formed a linkage disequilibrium block, and the presence of five haplotypes was demonstrated. These results suggest that the haplotype structure in the Japanese population is different from that of other ethnic groups.
    Clinical Biochemistry 04/2006; 39(3):303-8. · 2.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To establish guidelines for avoiding the side effects of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in renal transplant recipients with tacrolimus (TAC)-based immunosuppression, the relationship between the daily dose of MMF and the occurrence of side effects was analyzed in this study. The frequency of side effects was investigated retrospectively in 28 renal transplant recipients treated with immunosuppression (men 14 : women 14, age: 33.0+/-12.4 years, weight: 50.9+/-10.7 kg). Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and diarrhea were the most frequent side effects in the early transplant phase (from transplantation to 3-month biopsy) in the recipients. In 18 recipients, excluding the recipients with risk factors for CMV infection (ABO-incompatible transplantation, donor (+)/recipient (-) CMV serostatus, etc.), no significant correlation was shown between the daily dose of MMF and the occurrence of CMV infection in the two-sample t-test. On the other hand, the daily dose in the diarrhea group (33.2+/-4.3 mg/kg/day, n = 5) was significantly higher than that in the no-diarrhea group at 30 days (28.4+/-3.7 mg/kg/day, n = 23, p < 0.05) and 90 days (25.7+/-4.4 mg/kg/day, n = 21, p < 0.005) after transplantation, respectively. The receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve also revealed that the risk of diarrhea increased with a daily MMF dose higher than 30 mg/kg/day. In conclusion, to decrease the risk of diarrhea in the early transplant phase in renal transplant recipients with TAC-based immunosuppression, the daily dose of MMF should not be more than 30 mg/kg/day.
    Yakugaku zasshi journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan 03/2005; 125(2):177-85. · 0.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is significant from the viewpoint of pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD). MDR1 gene encodes P-gp and has a wide variety of SNPs. As the SNPs may be one of the factors that induce pharmacogenetic individual difference, haplotype analysis is necessary to evaluate the PK/PD. The SNPs of the detected MDR1 were -129T>C, 325G>A, 2677G>T/A, and 3435C>T. For the analysis of linkage disequilibrium (LD) and haplotype analysis, and for the reconstruction of the haplotype pair, ARLEQUIN and PHASE were employed. The result of the chi(2) test detected significant LD between -129 and 2677, -129 and 3435, and 2677 and 3435. There were 9 haplotypes: T-G-C, T-T-C, C-T-C, T-A-C, C-A-C, T-G-T, T-T-T, C-G-T, and C-T-T. LD was found among the positions -129, 2677 and 3435. As a result, 9 haplotypes exists in the Japanese population. These results suggest that it would be necessary to give consideration to haplotype for the purpose of evaluating the PK/PD of the drugs transported by P-gp.
    Clinical Biochemistry 10/2003; 36(7):511-8. · 2.45 Impact Factor