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Publications (4)10.6 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor disorder characterized by an uncontrolled need to move extremities accompanied by unpleasant sensations, which frequently leads to sleep disturbances. In hemodialysis (HD) patients, the previously reported RLS prevalence varied enormously, between 6% and 60%. In our study, we investigated the RLS prevalence in HD patients for the first time in Greece. A continuous sample of HD patients was studied between January and September of 2010 in six dialysis units in Greece. RLS diagnosis was based on the essential clinical criteria of the International RLS Study Group (IRLSSG). The standardized incidence ratio (SIR) for RLS in HD patients was calculated in comparison to data from a recent survey of the general population in Greece. In our study of 579 HD patients in Greece (236 women; mean age, 65±13years), the prevalence of RLS was elevated in comparison to the general population (26.6% vs 3.9%), with an SIR of 5.4 (95% confidence interval [CI], 4.6-6.3). In the fully adjusted model, the risk for RLS in HD patients was reduced in older age (odds ratio [OR], 0.98 [95% CI, 0.96-0.99]) and increased in women (OR, 1.60 [95% CI, 1.05-2.43]) in cases with elevated levels of β2 microglobulin (OR, 1.15 [95% CI, 1.01-1.32]) and intact parathormone (iPTH) (OR, 1.30 [95% CI, 1.08-1.56]). A high RLS prevalence was recorded in a large HD population in Greece, clearly suggesting the need for enhanced awareness of RLS in nephrology. The RLS risk was increased in women and in younger HD patients as well as in those with elevated β2 microglobulin and iPTH levels.
    Sleep Medicine 10/2013; · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: End-stage renal disease patients (ESRD) on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) are at increased risk of acquiring hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. An early and accurate diagnosis of HCV infection is important for the prevention of viral transmission and the management of ESRD patients on HD but conventional ELISA and PCR have often failed to reveal active HCV infection. This study evaluated the prevalence of HCV infection in ESRD patients from all HD units in central Greece using a sensitive HCV-RNA transcription mediated amplification (TMA) assay and compared its sensitivity with that of anti-HCV ELISA. Anti-HCV antibody (third generation ELISA), HCV-RNA (TMA) and HCV genotypes (HCV TMA-LiPA) were determined in 366 ESRD Greek patients. In total, 132 (36%) ESRD patients were HCV positive by ELISA or TMA; 44 by TMA alone, 16 by ELISA alone and 72 positive by both assays. More than half of the viraemic patients had genotype 3a. HCV-RNA (TMA) assay appears to increase the accuracy in the diagnosis of HCV infection in HD patients compared to the anti-HCV ELISA and could serve as an additional screening tool in these patients.
    Journal of Clinical Virology 10/2005; 34(1):81-5. · 3.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Insulin resistance is a well-known phenomenon in uremia. Resistin, a recently discovered insulin inhibitor secreted by adipocytes, is associated with obesity and insulin resistance in mice. Adiponectin, also secreted by adipocytes, is known to reduce insulin resistance in humans. The aim of the present study was to address the hypothesis that changes in resistin or adiponectin serum levels may relate to body composition and to insulin resistance in patients with end-stage renal disease. In a cross-sectional study, 33 non-diabetic patients (24 males and 9 females, mean age 61.5+/-15.8 years) with end-stage renal disease on chronic hemodialysis (treatment duration 41+/-31 months) that lacked signs of infection were enrolled. The control group consisted of 33, matched for age, sex and body mass index (BMI), healthy volunteers (22 males, 11 females, mean age 62.6+/-12.1 years). BMI (kg/m(2)) was calculated from body weight and height. Body fat (%) was measured by means of bioelectrical impedance. Blood samples were taken always in the morning after a 12-hour fasting period before and after the hemodialysis session. Resistin and adiponectin serum concentrations were measured by enzyme immunoassays and insulin by an electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. The post-treatment values were corrected regarding the hemoconcentration. The homeostasis model assessment index (HOMA-R) was calculated as an estimate of insulin resistance from the fasting glucose and insulin serum levels. Pre-treatment resistin serum levels were significantly increased in hemodialysis patients compared to healthy controls (19.2+/-6.2 vs. 3.9+/-1.8 ng/ml; p<0.001). Hemodialysis did not alter resistin levels, as pre- and post-treatment levels were not different when corrected for hemoconcentration (19.2+/-6.2 vs. 18.7+/-5.0 ng/ml; p=0.54). Adiponectin levels were also increased in hemodialysis patients compared to healthy controls (25.4+/-21.5 vs. 10.5+/-5.9 microg/ml; p<0.001). A significant inverse correlation was observed between the serum adiponectin levels before the hemodialysis session on the one hand and the BMI (r=-0.527, p=0.002), the HOMA-R (r=-0.378, p<0.05) and the fasting insulin levels (r=-0.397, p<0.05) on the other. However, no significant correlation was observed between serum resistin levels on the one hand versus HOMA-R index (3.2+/-3.9 mmol.microIU/ml; r=-0.098, p=0.59), insulin levels (13.3+/-14.4 mU/l; r=-0.073, p=0.69), glucose levels (89+/-13 mg/dl; r=-0.049, p=0.78), BMI (25.6+/-3.7 kg/m(2); r=-0.041, p=0.82) and body fat content (26.4+/-8.4%; r=-0.018, p=0.94) on the other hand. Resistin serum levels are significantly elevated in non-diabetic patients with end-stage renal disease that are treated by hemodialysis. The hemodialysis procedure does not affect the resistin levels. Along with previous observations in patients with renal insufficiency in the pre-dialysis stage, our findings implicate an important role of the kidney in resistin elimination. However, increased resistin serum levels in hemodialysis patients are not related to reduced insulin sensitivity encountered in uremia.
    Blood Purification 02/2005; 23(6):421-8. · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is the causative agent for enteric non-A, non-B hepatitis. Transmission is mainly via the fecal-oral route but the possibility of an additional parenteric transmission has been raised. Patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis (HD) have an increased risk of exposure to blood transmitted agents. Previous studies concerning prevalence of antibodies to HEV (anti-HEV) among HD patients gave conflicting results. The aim of the study presented here was to determine the prevalence of anti-HEV among HD patients of a well-defined semi-rural region in central Greece (Thessalia region). All patients (n=351, 234 males, mean age 60+/-14 years) who were being treated in the HD units of central Greece (n=5) during 2001 were tested for anti-HEV antibody. Two commercially available specific solid-phase enzyme-linked immunoassays were applied for anti-HEV detection. Hepatitis B virus markers, antibodies to HCV, HIV and HTLV were also screened in all patients by commercially available assays. Serum aminotransferase (AST, ALT) levels were measured by spectrophotometry. 17 anti-HEV-positive patients were found and prevalence was 4.8%, varying from 1.8 - 9.8% in the various HD units. Prevalence of HBsAg and anti-HCV was 5.7% (2.9 - 15%) and 23.6% (11.5 - 36.2%) respectively. The anti-HEV prevalence was increased compared to healthy blood donors in Greece (0.26%, p < 0.01). The highest prevalence of anti-HEV was seen at the HD unit of the General Hospital of Karditsa (9.8%). Risk factors for anti-HEV antibody were not identified: no association was found between anti-HEV positivity and age or sex, duration of HD, hepatitis B or C virus infection markers, previously elevated aminotransferase levels or history of transfusion. Our investigation of HEV infection in the cohort of HD patients in central Greece showed that the prevalence of anti-HEV was greater than in healthy blood donors. There was no association to blood borne infections (HBV, HCV). The high prevalence of anti-HEV we found in one HD unit was probably related to a local infection in the past. However, long-term prospective studies are needed in an attempt to identify whether intra-unit factors are also responsible for the increased prevalence of serologic markers of HEV infection among HD patients.
    The International journal of artificial organs 10/2004; 27(10):842-7. · 1.76 Impact Factor