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ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to evaluate the lung function of patients with median sternotomy wound complication during the early postmedian sternotomy period and to compare the long-term pulmonary effects of reconstruction using pectoralis major and rectus abdominis muscle flaps. The percentage of predicted, standardized forced vital capacity (FVC); the standardized forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), and FEV1/FVC ratios of 45 patients with a median sternotomy wound complication were evaluated before and at a mean time of 10.6 months after wound reconstruction. Both mean FVC and FEV1 increased after wound revision compared with the prereconstruction results (8.4% and 9.2% increase, respectively). Patients with painful chest wall movement had the worst (60%) mean FVC and FEV1 before reconstruction when compared with a nonpainful complication. Reconstruction with a muscle flap was followed by an increase of 8.6% and 7.3% in FEV1 and FVC, respectively, from prereconstruction results. However, long-term results indicate that these patients have a mild, restrictive impairment of their lung function tests (LFTs), with about 80% of the predicted FVC and FEV1. Among the muscle flaps, the best improvement and best long-term LFT results were after sternectomy and reconstruction with a pectoralis major muscle flap as compared with a rectus abdominis muscle flap. Sternectomy and reconstruction with a muscle flap is a well-tolerated procedure associated with improvement of lung function compared with prereconstruction values. A pectoralis major muscle flap should be the first choice for muscle flap reconstruction while a rectus abdominis muscle flap should be reserved only for patients with good LFTs before reconstruction.
Annals of Plastic Surgery 08/1997; 39(1):36-43. DOI:10.1097/00000637-199707000-00006 · 1.49 Impact Factor
Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery 03/1995; 95(2):421-2. DOI:10.1097/00006534-199502000-00041 · 2.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: During 1984-1992 162 patients with post-sternotomy sternal wound infections were treated. Between 0.4-5% of these undergoing sternotomy suffer from this complication which carries a mortality of about 50% when treated by conventional, nonsurgical methods. 80% of our patients had undergone aortocoronary bypass surgery and 11% valve replacement. Major risk factors identified for postoperative infection were prolonged mechanical ventilation, prolonged extracorporeal bypass, smoking, diabetes, obesity and chronic lung disease. Of 152 patients who underwent surgery, 35 had recurrent infections, especially during the first years of the study. 10 were managed by conservative methods. Reconstruction of the chest wall was performed in 125, using pectoralis major flaps (74 cases), rectus abdominis muscle flaps (53), myocutaneous flaps (5) and omental flap (1). Our series demonstrates the importance of a comprehensive, multi-disciplinary approach in evaluating and stabilizing these often critically ill patients. Computed tomography together with sinography have proven to be of major importance in diagnosing the location and extent of sternal wound infections. Strict adherence to antibiotic protocols, radical debridement of infected bone and soft tissues and subsequent reconstruction with muscle flaps has enabled us to reduce recurrent infection and improve morbidity and mortality rates.
Harefuah 11/1994; 127(7-8):236-42, 287.