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Publications (7)55.93 Total impact

  • Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology 01/2002; 118(2):247-51. · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We used a recently developed system for real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to determine residual disease in patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia. The expression of the Bcr-Abl hybrid oncogene was determined and normalized by using the PBGD housekeeping gene product as endogenous reference. The sensitivity and reproducibility of the assay was tested on cell line K562. A dilution of Bcr-Abl-positive cell line K562 remained positive at up to 250 fg of RNA. 10 copies of Bcr-Abl DNA in water could still be detected. The dynamic range of the method spanned six orders of magnitude. Analysis of 10 identical assays on K562 RNA resulted in a variation of 15%. To test the feasibility of normalization of Bcr-Abl dosage by the PBGD product, we compared the efficiencies of the RT-PCRs in 150 patient analyses. We concluded that PBGD was a suitable and stringent quality control standard. Three patients who were treated with donor leucocyte infusions for chronic myeloid leukaemia who had relapsed after bone marrow transplantation were followed over time. The normalized Bcr-Abl dosage was compared to the results of cytogenetics. Cytogenetic analysis was negative below a normalized Bcr-Abl dose of about 3 x 10(-2). This semi-automated method is fast, sensitive and accurate and enables a high throughput of samples.
    British Journal of Haematology 09/1998; 102(3):768-74. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The specificity of antisense oligonucleotides targeted to the mRNA breakpoint region of the Bcr-Abl oncogene, found in leukaemic cells from patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia, remains controversial due to non-specific effects. To prevent protein binding of oligonucleotides we designed and tested a methylphosphonate oligonucleotide with an attached 3' soluble phosphodiester tail. Growth of chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) cell lines BV173, KCL-22 and cells of CML patients tested was inhibited by the b2a2 type antisense Bcr-Abl oligonucleotide and not with controls. Also the growth of control CD34+ cells of two healthy donors, control cell lines and cells from AML patients was only moderately affected or not affected. Bcr-Abl protein studies in combination with growth-determination experiments indicated that the antisense methylphosphonate Bcr-Abl oligonucleotide tested is a potent inhibitor of the growth of CML cells but works in a non-antisense manner.
    British Journal of Haematology 03/1997; 96(2):377-81. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The specificity of antisense oligonucleotides targeted to the mRNA breakpoint region of the Bcr-Abl oncogene, found in leukaemic cells from patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia, remains controversial due to non-specific effects. To prevent protein binding of oligonucleotides we designed and tested a methylphosphonate oligonucleotide with an attached 3′ soluble phosphodiester tail. Growth of chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) cell lines BV173, KCL-22 and cells of CML patients tested was inhibited by the b2a2 type antisense Bcr-Abl oligonucleotide and not with controls. Also the growth of control CD34+ cells of two healthy donors, control cell lines and cells from AML patients was only moderately affected or not affected. Bcr-Abl protein studies in combination with growth-determination experiments indicated that the antisense methylphosphonate Bcr-Abl oligonucleotide tested is a potent inhibitor of the growth of CML cells but works in a non-antisense manner.
    British Journal of Haematology 01/1997; 96(2):377 - 381. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Many genes are involved in cell cycle control, DNA repair and induction of cell death. Alterations in these genes have been responsible for the development of cancer as well as for resistance to cancer therapy. Recently, an emerging family of bcl2-like genes has been identified that plays a role in the regulation of cell death. Its members are highly conserved in several domains which have been shown to be important for homodimerization or heterodimerization. The ratio between BAX/BCL2 heterodimers and BAX/BAX homodimers appears to be pivotal in deciding the life of death of a cell. We recently detected mutations in evolutionary highly conserved domains of the bax gene in cell lines derived from hematologic malignancies. Similar artificially generated mutations in other bcl2-like family members bcl2, bclxl, or ced9 have been shown to alter their function. This suggests a role for bax mutations in the multi-step pathogenesis of hematological malignancies.
    Leukemia 12/1995; 9(11):1828-32. · 10.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Since in AML differentiation is abnormal but not absent, a hierarchy of stem cells, progenitor cells and more differentiated cells is postulated. The leukemic stem cell might also be characterized by the expression of CD34 and the absence of differentiation markers. Bone marrow samples of 33 AML patients, including 10 patients both at presentation and after relapse, were double labeled for CD34 and CD33. In 14/33 AML less than 1% of the labeled cells were found in the CD34+/33- fraction. After relapse a certain shift towards a more primitive phenotype was observed, but in 4/5 relapsed AML the CD34+/33- fraction remained below 1%. Single cells from the different subfractions were cultured and showed heterogeneous cluster and colony growth in both the CD34-/33+ and CD34+/33+ fraction. More colonies were observed in the CD34+/33- fraction. In AML with a more 'mature' phenotype (low number of CD34+/CD33- cells), highly proliferative myeloid, erythroid and mixed colonies could be cloned exclusively from this small CD34+/33- fraction. In five patients with numerical chromosomal abnormalities all these highly proliferative colonies appeared disomic using in situ hybridization (ISH) with centromeric probes. Based on these data we conclude that the CD34+/33- cell fraction in AML with a more mature immunophenotype (small fraction of cells CD34+/33-) comprise residual normal progenitors, while no primitive leukemic progenitors could be identified.
    Leukemia 04/1995; 9(3):450-7. · 10.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Treatment options for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) who relapse after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) are limited. Treatment with lymphocytes from the original marrow donor and the influence on the malignant clone was studied in these patients. Seven patients with CML that had relapsed after BMT with T-cell-depleted grafts were treated. Six patients received leukocyte infusions from the original marrow donor. One patient received a second BMT with unseparated marrow from the same sibling donor. Chimerism was studied using erythrocyte and cytogenetic markers. Residual leukemic cells were monitored by cytogenetic analysis of the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome and by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of the breakpoint cluster region/Abelson (BCR-ABL) fusion gene. In five patients with hematologic relapse, the Ph chromosome disappeared 1 to 3 months after the leukocyte infusions. Cytogenetic analysis and in situ hybridization (ISH) showed only donor cells during further follow-up. Four to five patients became negative for the BCR-ABL translocation by PCR. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) always preceded response and was severe in two patients. One patient with cytogenetic relapse showed no response after leukocyte infusions. GVHD after second BMT was of moderate severity. One year after second BMT, PCR for the BCR-ABL translocation was negative. Infusion of donor leukocytes is an effective treatment with a low mortality in patients with CML relapsed after BMT with a T-cell-depleted graft. Longer follow-up and more patients will be needed to know whether cure will be permanent.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 04/1993; 11(3):513-9. · 18.04 Impact Factor