ABSTRACT: We investigate age and sex differences in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) after cardiac surgery in a prospective study of 2038 consecutive patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. An age of ≥ 70 years implied changes in the type of AMI from the ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) to non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (non-STEMI). Men were more likely than women to suffer from AMI after cardiac surgery (11.8% vs. 5.6%), as a result of the higher frequency of STEMI (6% of men vs. 1.8% of women; P < 0.001) in both age groups. A troponin-I (Tn-I) peak was significantly higher in patients ≥ 70 years old. In-hospital mortality was higher in patients ≥ 70 (7.3%) than in those < 70 years old (3.3%), because of the increased mortality observed in men with non-AMI (2.1% vs. 6.3%) and women with STEMI (0% vs. 28.6%) and non-STEMI (0% vs. 36.8%, P < 0.05). Old age was associated with a higher frequency of non-STEMI, Tn-I peak, mortality and length of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU). Regardless of age, men more often suffer from AMI (particularly STEMI). AMI in women had a notable impact on excess mortality and ICU stay observed in patients ≥ 70 years of age. Clinical and Tn-I peak differences are expected in relation to age and gender after AMI post-cardiac surgery.
Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery 04/2012; 15(1):28-32.
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the possible correlation between inflammatory activation after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, measured by postoperative C-reactive protein concentrations, and immediate intensive care unit outcome.
A prospective, clinical cohort study.
A 10-bed surgical intensive care unit at a tertiary university hospital.
Two hundred sixteen consecutive patients undergoing nonemergency cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.
Parsonnet and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation scores, characteristics of the surgical intervention, intensive care unit length of stay, and mortality were recorded along with the following variables: cardiac (hours requiring inotropic support and new atrial fibrillation), respiratory (oxygenation index and hours requiring intubation), renal (difference between serum creatinine at admission and maximum creatinine), and analytic (C-reactive protein at admission and 6, 24, and 48 hours later; troponin I; CK-MB; and lactate).
Postoperative C-reactive protein concentrations did not correlate with variables such as time requiring inotropic support or intubation, oxygenation index, delta serum creatinine, and intensive care unit length of stay (with the exception of cardiopulmonary bypass time and the more frequent norepinephrine requirement in patients with higher C-reactive protein concentration at 48 hours); nor did C-reactive protein correlate with the analytic variables (with the exception of the lactate peak and C-reactive protein concentrations at 24 and 48 hours). There was no correlation between C-reactive protein and postoperative variables for coronary artery bypass graft surgery and valvular groups analyzed separately.
Postoperative C-reactive protein does not seem to be a useful marker in predicting outcome after 48 hours in the intensive care unit.
Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia 03/2009; 23(2):166-9. · 1.06 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is a relatively common procedure in cardiac surgery. At the end, the heart is electrically defibrillated if not already beating. External and internal cardioversion by specific catheters do not raise plasma troponin concentration, but the possible repercussion on troponin of the direct cardioversion of the heart has not been documented.
Prospective comparative trial in a surgical intensive care unit in a university hospital was conducted. The study sample comprised 364 consecutive patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB and without perioperative myocardial infarction.
The number of cardioversions applied was recorded and three groups were obtained: A/no cardioversion; B/one or two cardioversions; and C/more than two cardioversions. Serum troponin I and CK-MB were determined at admission and after 6, 12, 24, and 48 hours. Significant differences were found between group C and groups A and B for troponin I and creatine kinase (CK-MB) curves, being higher for both variables in group C.
With more than two cardioversions post-CPB, both troponin I and CK-MB may present an additional increase.
Journal of Cardiac Surgery 22(3):192-4. · 0.87 Impact Factor