Daisuke Ariyasu

Tokyo Metropolitan Children's Medical Center, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (12)22.19 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Dominantly inherited isolated GH deficiency is mainly caused by a heterozygous donor-site mutation of intron 3 in the GH1 gene. An exon 3 deletion in GH (del32-71 GH) is produced from a mutant allele, while wild-type GH is produced from the other allele. Several studies have demonstrated a dominant negative effect of del32-71 GH on wild-type GH secretion, but the precise molecular mechanisms remain unclear. We hypothesized that unfolded del32-71 GH accumulates in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and causes ER stress and apoptosis in somatotrophs, promoting GH deficiency. To evaluate del32-71 GH-mediated ER stress, we established GH4C1 cell lines with doxycycline (dox)-controlled del32-71 GH expression. In 20 out of 23 dox-controlled cell lines, the concentration of wild-type GH in the culture media significantly decreased with del32-71 GH induction, demonstrating the dominant negative effect of this mutant. Cell viability, mRNA abundance of ER stress-response genes, caspase activation, and DNA fragmentation were evaluated in 5 dox-controlled cell lines selected as cellular models. In 4 out of the 5 cell lines, del32-71 GH induction decreased cell viability, increased expression of 3 major ER stress response pathways (PERK, ATF6, and IRE1), and induced caspase-3 and caspase-7 activation. In 1 of the 4 cell lines, DNA fragmentation was demonstrated. Finally, overexpression of XBP1(S), a nuclear transcription factor downstream of IRE1, completely reversed the observed caspase activation. These data suggested that del32-71 GH-mediated ER stress and apoptosis contributed to the decrease in wild-type GH secretion observed in GH deficiency due to the GH1 gene slice-site mutations.
    Endocrinology 06/2013; · 4.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The combination of holoprosencephaly and ectrodactyly, also known as Hartsfield syndrome, represents a unique genetic entity. An X-linked recessive mode of transmission has been suggested for this condition based on the observation that male patients have preferentially been affected. Thus far, no candidate genes have been suggested on the X chromosome. We report a male patient with a full-blown Hartsfield syndrome phenotype who had microduplication at Xq24 involving four genes. He presented with bilateral ectrodactyly of the hands (both hands had four fingers with a deep gap between the 2nd and 3rd digits), cleft lip and palate, and a depressed nasal bridge. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed lobar holoprosencephaly. His G-banded karyotype was normal. Array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) using the Agilent 244K Whole Human Genome CGH array revealed a microduplication at Xq24 of 210 kb. Parental testing revealed that the deletion was derived from the asymptomatic mother. Of the genes on the duplicated interval, the duplications of SLC25A43 and SLC25A5 appeared to be the most likely to explain the patient's phenotype. From a clinical standpoint, it is important to point out that the propositus, who performs relatively well with holoprosencephaly and has a developmental quotient around 70, has survived multiple life-threatening episodes of hypernatremia. Awareness of the risk of hypernatremia is of great importance for the anticipatory management of patients with ectrodactyly and an oral cleft, even in the absence of overt hypotelorism. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 08/2012; 158A(10):2537-41. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets (XLH) is caused by inactivating mutations in the phosphate-regulating gene with homologies to endopeptidases on the X chromosome (PHEX) gene. Deletion of Phex leads to increased serum fibroblast growth factor23 (FGF23) levels in mouse. The aim is to assure the clinical usefulness of FGF23 determination in the diagnosis of XLH. Participants were 21 patients with XLH having abnormalities in PHEX from 13 kindred (PtPHEX: 1 to 42 years old; 10 males, 11 females) and 55 healthy controls (1 month to 18 years old; 27 males, 28 females). Temporal changes in FGF23 were determined by a single oral phosphate administration in PtPHEX and an ad lib diet in controls. Reference ranges of intact FGF23 (iFGF23) for children were determined. iFGF23 level which distinguish between controls and PtPHEX were validated. Correlations between iFGF23 and the severity of XLH (gender, age of onset, bone deformity, The ratio of maximum rate of renal tubular reabsorption of phosphate to glomerular filtration rate (TmPO(4)/GFR), inorganic phosphate (IP), Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP), therapeutic dose) were investigated. Increasing tendency after phosphate administration and no general tendency after breakfast in iFGF23 were observed. Reference range (5(th) and 95(th) percentiles) of iFGF23 for children (12.9 and 51.2 pg/mL) was similar to that for adults. iFGF23 were above the reference range in 19 of 21 PtPHEX (40 to 4710 pg/mL). iFGF23 did not correlate with any index of severity of XLH. Relatively high iFGF23 despite hypophosphatemia is one of the clinical indicators to diagnose XLH.
    Endocrine Journal 05/2011; 58(8):647-55. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report the cases of 3 children with plastic bronchitis associated with 2009 H1N1 influenza virus infection. These 3 children shared common clinical and radiologic features: rapid and progressive respiratory distress with whole lung atelectasis on chest radiograph. In children with severe respiratory symptoms accompanied by H1N1 influenza, plastic bronchitis should be considered.
    The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 01/2011; 30(1):80-2. · 3.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The gonadal function of patients with Turner syndrome (TS) is variable. Individuals with mosaicism characterized by 45,X/46,XX or 45,X/47,XXX are more likely to experience spontaneous menarche compared with other karyotypes. Prepubertal gonadotropins of TS patients with spontaneous menarche are reportedly normal or significantly lower than those of patients with induced menarche. The present study investigated an index of spontaneous and cyclical menstruation at 10-12 years old in TS. Subjects comprised 50 patients with TS, divided into three groups: Group A (n=7), with spontaneous menarche before 16 years old and regular menstruation for at least 1 year and 6 months; Group B (n=6), with irregular menstruation since menarche leading to secondary amenorrhea despite spontaneous menarche before 16 years old; and Group C (n=37), without spontaneous breast budding before 14 years old or without spontaneous menarche before 16 years old. Karyotype, LH and FSH concentrations at 10 and 12 years old were analyzed retrospectively. Spontaneous and cyclical menstruation was more frequently observed in TS with mosaicism characterized by 45,X/46,XX or 45,X/47,XXX than in TS with other karyotypes, as previously described. Spontaneous and cyclical menstruation in TS was observed when serum FSH level was <10 mIU/mL at 12 years old, suggesting this FSH level as an index of spontaneous and cyclical menstruation in TS.
    Endocrine Journal 01/2010; 57(10):909-13. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The treatment for hypophosphatemic rickets in children includes phosphate and vitamin D preparations. In children, this regimen significantly improves symptoms, while a treatment for adult patients has not been established. We therefore investigated the clinical courses of 15 adult patients who discontinued therapy when final height was achieved in order to assess the necessity of treatment in adulthood. Thirteen patients developed symptomatic complications, including bone fractures. Among the 13, the 10 patients who restarted therapy all showed clinical improvement, and no side effects of treatment were observed. This study shows that there are some patients with hypophosphatemic osteomalacia who need continuous treatment during adulthood.
    Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology 01/2009; 18(1):29-33.
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    ABSTRACT: Auxological data are the gold standard indexes of the therapeutic conditions in patients with CYP21 deficiency over long-term periods, whereas urinary pregnanetriol (PT) for 24 h has been used as an index for short-term periods. We previously reported that the range of 1.2-2.1 mg/m(2)/day of PT for 24 h (24-h PT) could be used as an index of optimal control in patients with CYP21 deficiency. The purpose of this study was to analyze the range of PT in the first morning urine samples (morning PT) as an index of optimal control in patients with CYP21 deficiency. First, the therapeutic periods of 15 participants (aged 2 yr and 5 mo to 17 yr and 4 mo) were classified into excessive, good or poor control periods using auxological data and Cushing-like symptoms, and 24-h PT levels were analyzed in each period, retrospectively. The 95% confidence intervals for the means of 24-h PT levels in the excessive, good and poor control periods were 0.24-2.24 (n=25), 2.88-4.92 (n=114) and 13.26-21.28 (n=72) mg/gCr, respectively. Subsequently, 24-h PT and morning PT levels collected on the same day were analyzed for 14 participants (aged 9 mo to 29 yr and 8 mo). There was a significant correlation between the above two PT levels (n=25, p<0.0001). When the 24-h PT range of the good control period, 2.88-4.92 mg/gCr, was adjusted by the correlation, the ideal morning PT range became 2.15-3.34 mg/gCr. In conclusion, a morning PT in the range of 2.2-3.3 mg/gCr can be used as an index of optimal control in patients with CYP21 deficiency.
    Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology 01/2008; 17(3):75-80.
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    ABSTRACT: The Wilms' tumor suppressor gene (WT1) plays crucial roles in urogenital and gonadal development. Germline mutations of WT1 have been reported in patients with Denys-Drash syndrome (DDS) and Frasier syndrome (FS). Based on clinical overlaps reported to date, it has been suggested that these two syndromes should be considered as part of a spectrum of diseases caused by WT1 gene mutations, rather than as separate diseases. We report a new mutation in an intron 9 splice acceptor site (IVS -1G-->) in a Japanese 46,XY male patient with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and bilateral cryptorchism. The clinical phenotype of this patient resembled FS without male pseudohermaphroditism. Interestingly, although the patient's right kidney was diagnosed with FSGS, his left kidney showed severe hypoplasia. There are no previous case reports of FSGS and renal hypoplasia in the same individual with a WT1 mutation. The findings for this case further suggest that the renal phenotype has various manifestations and is not always decided by the type of WT1 mutation. The possibility that the position of the WT1 mutation may influence the course of the nephropathy should be evaluated in a larger patient cohort.
    Pediatric Nephrology 03/2007; 22(3):454-8. · 2.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Auxological data is the gold standard index of the therapeutic condition in CYP21A2 deficiency over a long-range period, whereas urinary pregnanetriol for 24 h (PT) is variable for a shorter-range period. Ideal PT levels in comparison with auxological data have not been reported. The main purpose of this study was to analyze ideal PT values as an index of optimal control for CYP21A2 deficiency. First, inter-daily fluctuation of PT was analyzed in one participant. PT levels were distributed over a wide range of 0.44-14.7 mg/day (n=42) in this participant, suggesting that the therapeutic condition should be judged by multiple PT samples. Second, the therapeutic periods of 15 participants with CYP21A2 deficiency were classified using auxological data and Cushing-like symptoms, and the PT levels were analyzed in each period retrospectively. The 95% confidence intervals for the means of the PT levels in the excessive, good and poor control periods were 0.03-1.25 (n=26), 1.23-2.09 (n=116), and 5.35-8.37 (n=72) mg/m(2)/day, respectively. In conclusion, 1.2-2.1 mg/m(2)/day of PT values can be used as an index of optimal control in CYP21A2 deficiency.
    Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology 01/2007; 16(2):45-52.
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    ABSTRACT: Idiopathic infantile arterial calcification (IIAC) is a life-threatening disorder in young infants. Cardiovascular symptoms are usually apparent within the first month of life. The symptoms are caused by calcification of large and medium-sized arteries, including the aorta, coronary arteries, and renal arteries. Most of the patients die by 6 months of age because of heart failure. Recently, homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations for the ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 (ENPP1) gene were reported as causative for the disorder. ENPP1 regulates extracellular inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi), a major inhibiter of extracellular matrix calcification. Two Japanese patients with IIAC were studied. One, from first-cousin parents, showed a typical clinical course. The onset in the second patient was late. Both of the patients were clinically compatible for IIAC; arterial calcification was shown, and hypertension was prominent. We sequenced all the exons and exon-intron boundaries of the gene and measured nucleotide pyrophosphohydrolase (NPPH) activity of ENPP1. Homozygous Arg730Stop was detected in the typical IIAC patient. The mutation was a novel nonsense mutation and not detected in 60 healthy controls. His NPPH activity was 4% of normal. On the other hand, the late-onset patient was not shown to have any mutations. NPPH activity in this patient was 70% of normal. We confirmed that ENPP1 was also responsible for the Japanese patient with IIAC. The atypical late-onset phenotype may not be associated with ENPP1 abnormalities. IIAC is considered to be a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder.
    Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism 02/2006; 24(1):48-52. · 2.22 Impact Factor
  • Growth Hormone & Igf Research - GROWTH HORM IGF RES. 01/2006; 16.
  • European Journal of Pediatrics 10/2005; 164(9):596-7. · 1.98 Impact Factor