Dae-won Jeong

Seoul National University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (11)35.83 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In order to conduct a physiological functional study of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH), we engineered a CHO dhfr(-) cell, by overexpressing either the anti-sense LDH-A RNA (anti-LDH cells) or GPDH (GP3 cells), or both (GP3/anti-LDH cells). LDH activity in the cell cytosol, and lactate content and pHe change in the growth media were found to decrease according to the order: cell lines GP3/anti-LDH > anti-LDH > GP3 > CHO. Intracellular ATP contents, representing the extent of respiration rate, also decreased, according to a rank order as follows: GP3 > CHO > GP3/anti-LDH > anti-LDH. We also attempted to identify and characterize any physiological changes occurring in the cells which harbored diverse metabolic pathways. First, anti-LDH cells with heightened respiration rates were found to display a higher degree of sensitivity to the prooxidant tert-butyl hydroperoxide (tBOOH), and the mitochondrial complex III inhibitor, antimycin A, than the GPDH-expressing cells (GP3 and GP3/anti-LDH), which have a lower respiration rate. Second, the anti-sense LDH-A RNA-expressing cells (anti-LDH and GP3/anti-LDH) evidenced a higher degree of resistance to apoptosis by cell-cell contact inhibition, and a faster doubling time ( approximately 19 h compared with approximately 26 h) than the CHO and GP3 cells. Additionally, cell growth in an extended culture under HCO(3) (-)-free conditions to induce a steep acidification could be maintained with the anti-sense LDH-A RNA-expressing cells, but could not be maintained with the CHO and GP3 cells. Third, we observed that the most appropriate cell line for the optical production of a certain therapeutic protein (Tissue-Plasminogen Activator) was the GP3/anti-LDH cells. Collectively, our data indicate a variety of physiological roles for LDH and GPDH, including cellular acidosis, oxidoresistance, apoptosis by both acidosis and cell-cell contact inhibition, cell growth, and the generation of recombinant proteins.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 03/2006; 284(1-2):1-8. · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The possible effects of sodium selenite on mature osteoclasts were investigated. Incubation of osteoclast-like cells differentiated from RAW 264.7 cells with sodium selenite induced apoptosis as revealed by morphological changes, internucleosomal DNA fragmentation, and activation of caspase-3. Selenite also induced generation of the superoxide anion and reduced the number of free thiol groups in the osteoclast-like cells, suggestive of a shift to a more oxidizing intracellular environment. In addition, selenite induced protein aggregation by thiol cross-linking, loss of the mitochondrial membrane potential, and cytochrome c release in mitochondria isolated from the osteoclast-like cells. Finally, selenite-induced DNA fragmentation in osteoclasts was inhibited both by cyclosporin A, a blocker of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore, and by DEVD-CHO, a cell-permeable inhibitor of caspase-3. These results thus suggest that selenite induces apoptosis mediated by the mitochondrial pathway in mature osteoclasts.
    Toxicology Letters 02/2006; 160(2):143-50. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Signaling by receptor activator of NF-kappaB (nuclear factor-kappaB) ligand (RANKL) is essential for differentiation of bone marrow monocyte-macrophage lineage (BMM) cells into osteoclasts. Here, we show RANKL stimulation of BMM cells transiently increased the intracellular level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) through a signaling cascade involving TNF (tumor necrosis factor) receptor-associated factor (TRAF) 6, Rac1, and NADPH (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate) oxidase (Nox) 1. A deficiency in TRAF6 or expression of a dominant-interfering mutant of TRAF6 blocks RANKL-mediated ROS production. Application of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) or blocking the activity of Nox, a protein leading to the formation of ROS, with diphenylene iodonium (DPI) inhibits the responses of BMM cells to RANKL, including ROS production, activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), and osteoclast differentiation. Moreover, both RANKL-mediated ROS production and osteoclast differentiation were completely blocked in precursors depleted of Nox1 activity by RNA interference or by expressing a dominant-negative mutant of Rac1. Together, these results indicate that ROSs act as an intracellular signal mediator for osteoclast differentiation.
    Blood 09/2005; 106(3):852-9. · 9.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although a redox shift can regulate the development of cells, including proliferation, differentiation, and survival, the role of the glutathione (GSH) redox status in macrophage differentiation remains unclear. In order to elucidate the role of a redox shift, macrophage-like cells were differentiated from the bone marrow-derived monocytes that were treated with a macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF or CSF-1) for 3 days. The macrophagic cells were characterized by a time-dependent increase in three major symptoms: the number of phagocytic cells, the number of adherent cells, and the mRNA expression of c-fms, a M-CSF receptor that is one of the macrophage-specific markers and mediates development signals. Upon M-CSF-driven macrophage differentiation, the GSH/GSSG ratio was significantly lower on day 1 than that observed on day 0 but was constant on days 1-3. To assess the effect of the GSH-depleted and -repleted status on the differentiation and phagocytosis of the macrophages, GSH depletion by BSO, a specific inhibitor of the de novo GSH synthesis, inhibited the formation of the adherent macrophagic cells by the down-regulation of c-fms, but did not affect the phagocytic activity of the macrophages. To the contrary, GSH repletion by the addition of NAC, which is a GSH precursor, or reduced GSH in media had no effect on macrophage differentiation, and led to a decrease in the phagocytic activity. Furthermore, we observed that there is checkpoint that is capable of releasing from the inhibition of the formation of the adherent macrophagic cells according to GSH depletion by BSO. Summarizing, these results indicate that the intracellular GSH status plays an important role in the differentiation and phagocytosis of macrophages.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 01/2005; 325(1):101-8. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Whereas the levels of other selenoproteins in the brain decrease when selenium is deficient, the level of selenoprotein W (Se-W) is maintained, suggesting that it has a critical role in the brain. Previously, we reported that Se-W is a GSH-dependent antioxidant [Jeong et al. (2002)]. In this study, the expression of Se-W and thioredoxin (Trx) in the brain and during embrynic development was analyzed by an in situ hybridization technique. Se-W mRNA was highly expressed in the cortex, dentate gyrus, and hippocampus of postnatal rat brains, and in the spinal cord and brain of developing embryos. In contrast, Trx mRNA was highly expressed in the cerebellum, olfactory bulb, and dentate gyrus of postnatal rat brains, and in the liver, telencephalon, and back muscle of developing embryos. Thus these two antioxidant proteins have different and non-overlapping expression patterns. The distribution of Se-W suggests that it plays an important role as an antioxidant in the developing brain and embryo.
    Molecules and Cells 03/2004; 17(1):156-9. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of alteration of the glycolytic pathway on cell damage induced by oxidative stress was investigated with dihydrofolate reductase-deficient Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells that either overexpress cytosolic glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (CHO/cGPDH cells) or are depleted of the A subunit of lactate dehydrogenase as a result of anti-sense RNA expression (CHO/anti-LDH cells). The extent of oxidative phosphorylation in CHO/anti-LDH and CHO/cGPDH cells was increased and decreased, respectively, relative to that in parental CHO cells, as revealed by measurement of the intracellular content of ATP, the rate of cellular O(2) consumption, the mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsi(m)), and the generation of reactive oxygen species. The sensitivity of these cell lines to cell death induced by the exogenous oxidant tert-butyl hydroperoxide decreased according to the rank order CHO/anti-LDH>CHO>CHO/cGPDH. Exogenous pyruvate markedly increased the sensitivity of CHO/cGPDH cells to oxidant-induced death. The differences among the three cell lines in susceptibility to oxidant-induced death were reflected in the proportion of oxidant-treated cells with a subdiploid DNA content, with a collapsed DeltaPsi(m), and with cytochrome c in the cytosol, indicating that death was mediated by apoptosis. These results demonstrate that the influx of respiratory substrate into mitochondria is an important determinant of cell sensitivity to oxidant-induced apoptosis.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 02/2004; 313(4):984-91. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Selenium is an essential trace element in mammals and is thought to play a chemopreventive role in human cancer, possibly by inducing tumor cell apoptosis. Mitochondria play a pivotal role in the induction of apoptosis in many cell types. The effects of selenite on mitochondrial function were therefore investigated. Selenite induced the oxidation and cross-linking of protein thiol groups, mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT), a decrease in the mitochondrial membrane potential, and the release of cytochrome c in mitochondria isolated from rat liver. Induction of the MPT by selenite was prevented by cyclosporin A, EGTA, or N-ethylmaleimide. These results thus indicate that selenite induces the MPT as a result of direct modification of protein thiol groups, resulting in the release of cytochrome c and a loss of mitochondrial membrane potential.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 07/2002; 294(5):1130-7. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The potential anti-inflammatory effect of sodium selenite in a mouse model of asthma was investigated. Selenite was injected into the peritoneum of allergen (ovalbumin)-sensitized mice before allergen challenge. Ovalbumin challenge resulted in activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB and an increase in the expression of cell adhesion molecules (intercellular adhesion molecule 1, vascular cell adhesion molecule 1, and E-selectin, which are encoded by NF-kappaB-dependent genes) in lung tissue as well as in the recruitment of eosinophils to lung airways. These effects of ovalbumin challenge were all inhibited by pretreatment of mice with selenite. Selenite administration also increased the activity of selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase in lung tissue. Furthermore, supplementation of A549 human airway epithelial cell cultures with selenite increased glutathione peroxidase activity as well as inhibited both the generation of hydrogen peroxide and the activation of NF-kappaB induced by tumor necrosis factor alpha in these cells. Selenite also reversed in vitro the activation of NF-kappaB induced by this cytokine in intact A549 cells. These results suggest that selenite regulates the activity of NF-kappaB by increasing the activity of glutathione peroxidase, thereby removing potential activators of NF-kappaB, and possibly also by direct oxidation of critical sulfhydryl groups of this transcription factor. These effects of selenite likely underlie its anti-inflammatory action in asthma.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 06/2002; 277(20):17871-6. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cellular response to oxidative stress is a complex process that is often connected to cell cycle regulation. The present study examines the effect of H(2)O(2) on cell cycle regulation and involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in these H(2)O(2)-induced responses in a p53-deficient human lung carcinoma cell line, H1299. Treatment of the cells with H(2)O(2) caused a G2/M phase arrest. Among the redox-sensitive transcription factors, NF-kappaB and AP-1, we found that only AP-1 was activated by 200 microM H(2)O(2) in human lung cells. Furthermore, electrophoretic mobility shift assays revealed that H(2)O(2) enhanced the DNA binding of AP-1 to a putative AP-1 binding element (TGAGGAA) in the p21(WAF1/CIP1) promoter region (between -2203 and -2197 nucleotides upstream of the transcription initiation site). An increase in c-Jun phosphorylation by ERK was also found to accompany the increased AP-1 activity as detected by Western blot. PD98059, a specific inhibitor of MEK, diminished H(2)O(2)-induced phosphorylation of c-Jun and DNA binding activity of AP-1, decreased expression of p21(WAF1/CIP1), and released the cells from G2/M arrest. Taken together, these results revealed a novel AP-1 binding site in the promoter region of p21(WAF1/CIP1) and a possible cell cycle regulation mechanism mediated by activation of a redox-dependent ERK signaling pathway.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 06/2002; 293(4):1248-53. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cellular response to oxidative stress is a complex process that is often connected to cell cycle regulation. The present study examines the effect of H2O2 on cell cycle regulation and involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in these H2O2-induced responses in a p53-deficient human lung carcinoma cell line, H1299. Treatment of the cells with H2O2 caused a G2/M phase arrest. Among the redox-sensitive transcription factors, NF-κB and AP-1, we found that only AP-1 was activated by H2O2 in human lung cells. Furthermore, electrophoretic mobility shift assays revealed that H2O2 enhanced the DNA binding of AP-1 to a putative AP-1 binding element (TGAGGAA) in the p21WAF1/CIP1 promoter region (between −2203 and −2197 nucleotides upstream of the transcription initiation site). An increase in c-Jun phosphorylation by ERK was also found to accompany the increased AP-1 activity as detected by Western blot. PD98059, a specific inhibitor of MEK, diminished H2O2-induced phosphorylation of c-Jun and DNA binding activity of AP-1, decreased expression of p21WAF1/CIP1, and released the cells from G2/M arrest. Taken together, these results revealed a novel AP-1 binding site in the promoter region of p21WAF1/CIP1 and a possible cell cycle regulation mechanism mediated by activation of a redox-dependent ERK signaling pathway.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 05/2002; 293(4):1248-1253. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lactic acid produced from the cells is a potential cause of extra- and intracellular acidification. Due to scarce technical tools, lactic acid that leads to acidification could not be reduced and direct evidence of the relationship between metabolic lactate and apoptosis has not yet been elucidated. In this study, we designed a cellular pH regulation system in CHO cells by a reduction of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity through LDH antisense mRNA expression. This inhibited lactate production and, therefore, acidification of the cytosol. Under HCO3(-)-buffered growth conditions, both the parent CHO cells and the engineered CHO cells maintained their extracellular pH and intracellular pH fairly well. However, upon acidification of the cytosol, only the parent CHO cells underwent apoptosis under HCO3(-)-free conditions. In fact, we observed a number of apoptosis-related events only in control cells, including mitochondrial dysfunction, cytochrome c release, and an increase in caspase-3 enzymatic activity.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 01/2002; 289(5):1141-9. · 2.41 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

301 Citations
67 Downloads
563 Views
35.83 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004–2006
    • Seoul National University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2002–2006
    • Korea University
      • National Creative Research Initiative Center for Neuro-dynamics
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea