Penetration of levofloxacin and moxifloxacin into cancellous and cortical bone was studied using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in 16 patients who underwent routine total hip arthroplasty. Our results demonstrate a good degree of penetration into bone for both quinolones. The mean cancellous penetration was 53.86% for moxifloxacin and 54.13% for levofloxacin. The penetration into cortical bone was 41.59% and 34.26% respectively. The concentrations for both quinolones were above the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC(90s)) for the most common pathogens, so they can be used for the treatment of osteomyelitis.
Journal of chemotherapy (Florence, Italy) 01/2008; 19(6):682-7. DOI:10.1179/joc.2007.19.6.682 · 1.07 Impact Factor