D Douniadakis

Aglaia Kyriakou Children's Hospital, Athínai, Attica, Greece

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Publications (12)18.25 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Chloral hydrate (CH) is an oral sedative widely used to sedate infants and young children during auditory brainstem response (ABR) testing. The aim of this study was to record effectiveness, complications and safety of CH as a sedative for ABR. From January of 2003 until December of 2007, 1903 children were tested for ABR, 568 of them being under the age of 6 months. CH (8%) was used for sedation at a dose of 40 mg/kg with a repeat dose, if necessary, for an adequate sedation, in 20-30 min. We recorded the effectiveness of CH as a sedative for ABR examination, as well as all complications related to the use of CH such as vomiting, rash, hyperactivity, respiratory distress and apnea. The statistical method used was the absolute and percentage frequency distribution of the occurrences. Sedation with CH was necessary to perform testing in 1591 (83.6%) of the examined children. However, in the population of the examined infants, only 341 (60%) were sedated with CH, because the remaining 227 (40%) fell asleep by themselves. Complications included hyperactivity in 152 children (8%), minor respiratory distress in 10 children (0.4%), vomiting in 217 children (11.4%), apnea in 4 children (0.2%) and rash in 10 children (0.4%). The complications of hyperactivity, vomiting and rash resolved without any medical treatment. The apnea cases were managed effectively by supplying ventilation to the children via a mask in the presence of an anesthesiologist. The use of CH at a dose of 40 mg/kg up to 80 mg/kg is safe and effective when administered in a setting with adequate equipment and the presence of well trained personnel.
    International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology 06/2011; 75(6):760-3. · 0.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sudden hearing loss is a rare pathology in children. Several factors may be responsible for it although the exact etiology remains frequently undiagnosed. Among them, pseudohypacusis has been reported. However, the extent to which this pathology contributes to sudden hearing loss in children is unknown. This study evaluates the incidence of pseudohypacusis in children presented with sudden hearing loss. The medical records of 48 children presented to our department because of sudden hearing loss from 2002 to 2007 were reviewed. Diagnostic process included both subjective and objective audiological tests while organic hearing losses were further subjected to proper evaluation and treatment. 26 cases (54%) of pseudohypacusis and 22 cases (46%) of organic sudden hearing loss were diagnosed. In the pseudohypacustic group, girls outnumbered boys (16:10) and their mean age was 10.5 years. Pseudohypacusis represents the most frequent etiology of sudden hearing loss in children. Its detection is relatively simple using conventional audiological tests though in some cases even experienced clinicians may come to incorrect diagnosis.
    Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 07/2009; · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sudden hearing loss is a rare pathology in children. Several factors may be responsible for it although the exact etiology remains frequently undiagnosed. Among them, pseudohypacusis has been reported. However, the extent to which this pathology contributes to sudden hearing loss in children is unknown. This study evaluates the incidence of pseudohypacusis in children presented with sudden hearing loss. The medical records of 48 children presented to our department because of sudden hearing loss from 2002 to 2007 were reviewed. Diagnostic process included both subjective and objective audiological tests while organic hearing losses were further subjected to proper evaluation and treatment. 26 cases (54%) of pseudohypacusis and 22 cases (46%) of organic sudden hearing loss were diagnosed. In the pseudohypacustic group, girls outnumbered boys (16:10) and their mean age was 10.5 years. Pseudohypacusis represents the most frequent etiology of sudden hearing loss in children. Its detection is relatively simple using conventional audiological tests though in some cases even experienced clinicians may come to incorrect diagnosis.
    Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 05/2009; 266(12):1857-61. · 1.29 Impact Factor
  • Pediatrics 01/2008; 121:120. · 5.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) often combines a neurotoxic chemotherapeutic protocol such as Berlin-Frankfurt-Munster-95 (BFM-95) with gentamicin, an antibiotic known to have an early and quickly reversed impact on olivocochlear reflex in animal studies. This study investigates whether this combination has any long-term side effects on the medial olivocochlear bundle (MOCB). In all 47 children of the study suppression of distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) by contralateral application of white noise (WN) was used to assess the function of the MOCB. The population was divided into three groups depending on the time interval between the end of therapy and examination. The group examined shortly after chemotherapy included 12 children who had received low gentamicin doses (less than 13 days). The group evaluated 2 years after therapy involved another 12 children who had required medium gentamicin doses (more than 13, less than 23 days). The group examined 3 years after therapy included a subgroup of 12 children to whom low gentamicin doses were infused and another 11 children with high gentamicin doses (more than 23 days). Three years after therapy the olivocochlear reflex was efficiently produced in both subgroups of low and high gentamicin doses. Two years after therapy, contralateral WN induced increase of DPOAEs at 4 of the 12 examined frequencies. Shortly after therapy, WN increased, instead of suppressing, DPOAEs at five frequencies. This abnormal result of contralateral noise application perceived as impaired cochlear efferent innervation may indicate that ALL-BFM-95 exerts a toxic effect on the MOCB, which is slowly reversed within the first 3 years after chemotherapy and does not seem to be affected in the long term by different cumulative doses of gentamicin.
    International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 12/2007; 71(11):1767-73. · 1.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Many children suspected of having hearing loss are referred for audiologic evaluation every day. Cross-checking the results from more than one audiologic tests is considered crucial in pediatric audiology, preferably combining subjective and objective methods. The current recommended approach for hearing assessment of infants and preschoolers is based on physiologic tests, immittance measurements, and behavioral responses. As a consequence, a full examination usually takes more than 90 minutes. Because the number of referrals may be much greater than the actual performance of a modern audiologic department, it would be desirable to shorten the evaluation time without reducing its validity. The largest part of the population referred to our department for hearing evaluation consists of children 1(1/2) to 4 to 5 years old suspected of having hearing loss. The proposed triad history/otoscopy --> speech evaluation --> otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) has been proven very effective in sorting out all those children with normal hearing bilaterally. The suggested algorithm shows several advantages compared to the conventional approach. It is safe, inexpensive, noninvasive, and gives reliable results in a significantly faster way, thus increasing compliance and applicability in very young children. In this way, we can save time, "money," and "diagnostic energy," which could be used for those children who really need them.
    American Journal of Otolaryngology 01/2007; 28(6):392-6. · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Auditory neuropathy (AN) has been a well-accepted clinical entity during the last years. Though we are able to diagnose AN reliably, little is known concerning its epidemiology, etiology and prognosis. This study is aimed at presenting a particular characteristic of the disease, namely its potential transient behaviour, observed in a group of high risk neonates suffering from AN. The ensuing clinical implications are underlined. From 1995 to 2004, 1150 high risk (HR) neonates were subjected consecutively to audiological evaluation by auditory brain stem responses (ABR), participating in a targeted hearing screening program for HR neonates. All neonates with ABR threshold >40 dBnHL and middle ear free from disease underwent otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) testing as well. Children with elevated ABR thresholds were scheduled for re-examination after 4-6 months. Only infants demonstrating considerably elevated thresholds (>70 dBnHL), absent or atypical ABR in combination with normal OAEs were considered as suffering from AN. One hundred and seventy-seven neonates showed elevated ABR thresholds (15.4%). Seventy-nine of them demonstrated ABR thresholds >or=75 dBnHL, absent or strongly atypical waveforms at maximum test intensity and among them 25 displayed findings consistent with AN. Follow-up examination revealed a resolution of AN in 13 out of 20 infants retested, that is a restoration of ABR to normal and typical OAEs recordings. Using multiple logistic regression, we found that low birth weight may represent a reliable predictor for clinical recovery of AN infants. This article bring to light the temporary character that AN could show in HR neonates and especially in those with low birth weight. Based on the results of our study, the higher the birth weight, the less likely it is for neonates to recover from AN. From a practical point of view, these findings suggest that hearing screening protocols for HR neonates should be revised in both their methodology and time of application. Finally, the decision for amplification or cochlear implantation in HR infants with AN should be made very carefully and well after the 6th month of age, since the maturation process may still be in progress.
    International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 09/2006; 70(9):1629-37. · 1.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Early diagnosis, evaluation and treatment of childhood deafness are essential for a child's normal growth. Etiological diagnosis of hearing loss makes prevention, family scheduling and more effective therapy feasible goals. Etiological assessment of sensorineural deafness still remains difficult although recently with the progress of genetics it has become more efficient. In this retrospective study, the etiology of bilateral, sensorineural hearing loss with indication for hearing aids has been studied in 153 hearing impaired children. Etiological diagnosis was based on family and patient record, physical, audiological and laboratory examinations. Among the 94 children who completed the diagnostic protocol etiological groups revealed the following distribution: non-hereditary acquired hearing impairment was present in 36 children (38%) and hereditary was present in 44 (47%) children. The etiology remained unknown in 14 (15%) children. Non-syndromic autosomal dominant type accounted for 13 (29% of hereditary hearing loss) children, non-syndromic autosomal recessive type for 21 (48%) children and syndromic deafness for 10 (23%) children. Modern diagnostic methods, such as genetic testing, help diminish the number of cases with hearing impairment of unknown etiology, for the benefit of children who receive early and appropriate medical, audiologic, genetic and educational counseling based on the etiology of their hearing loss.
    International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 05/2005; 69(4):449-55. · 1.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An infant begins to communicate with his/her environment from the first months of life. However, true words do not appear until the age of 12-15 months, following a rather predictable sequence. Delay or failure of normal language development is not a rare situation in childhood and may be due to a variety of reasons. Among these, hearing undoubtedly plays a leading part in the language acquisition process. The purpose of this study was to assess the percentage of hearing-impaired children in a group of phenotypically healthy children presenting with speech-language delay. Between March 1993 and March 1999, 726 speech-language delayed children were examined in our department. In 72 of them, various diseases or syndromes had already been diagnosed and so they were excluded from the study. The remaining 654 apparently healthy children entered the study and underwent a thorough audiological assessment for determination of their hearing thresholds. Eighty-seven children (13.3%) showed various degrees of hearing loss. Most of them (55 children, 8.4%) suffered from sensorineural hearing impairment, while in 32 children (4.9%) a conductive hearing loss was discovered. The increased prevalence of hearing impairment found in our population mandates a thorough hearing evaluation for every case of speech-language delay, even for those children who show no evidence of other handicaps. This will help in the early diagnosis of hearing loss, allowing proper management to be instituted as early as possible.
    International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 06/2001; 58(3):205-10. · 1.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Middle ear mechanics, in normal and in pathological conditions, is the subject of this research, with acoustic impedance measurements as the cornerstone. Previous studies have established the importance of admittance-phase tympanograms, mainly in frequencies higher than the conventional 226 Hz. The purpose of the present study was to record how acute otitis media (AOM) affects the middle ear system and function by evaluating the recordings of the change in phase angle parameter (deltatheta) provided by an automated tympanometer using the sweep-frequency technique. Multifrequency and conventional tympanograms were obtained from 70 children suffering from AOM on consecutive visits. Values of deltatheta from these subjects were compared to normative data previously acquired in our Department. It appears that changes in the mechanical status of the middle ear after AOM are reflected in abnormal deltatheta values, despite the normal findings of conventional tympanometry. A positive history of AOM did not seem to influence the behaviour of the middle ear. In most cases, abnormal deltatheta values coexisted with abnormal values of resonance frequency (RF), i.e. the frequency at which mass and stiffness of the middle ear are in balance, and total susceptance (deltaB) reaches 0mmhos and the converse. The deltatheta seems to be an important indicator of middle ear mechanical status that can record changes occurring in the system after AOM and undetected by low probe-tone tympanometry.
    Scandinavian Audiology 02/2001; 30(1):24-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Multiple-frequency tympanometry (MFT) is a sweep-frequency method of acoustic immittance measurement, recently introduced in clinical practice. It provides values for the resonant frequency of the middle ear system. The purpose of this study was to use MFT to collect information about the mechanoacoustical changes occurring to the middle ear system after acute otitis media and to compare it with the results of conventional, low probe-tone tympanometry. Children with acute otitis media were followed up with both methods for 1 month after an episode of acute infection. Also, children with normal hearing were studied to establish normative data. Resonant frequency of the middle ear was found to be lower than normal even 1 month past the initial episode, for all types of 226-Hz tympanograms. MFT seemed to record changes in the middle ear after acute otitis media that 226-Hz tympanometry was unable to detect, implying persistence of pathology. More extended research will illuminate the clinical value of this method in the follow-up of acute otitis media.
    Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 01/2000; 121(6):797-801. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The early detection of hearing impairment caused by ototoxic drugs, such as aminoglycosides, has been the aim of research world-wide. Histopathological studies have shown that the outer hair cells are the most susceptible cochlear components to injury from ototoxic drugs like aminoglycosides. Otoacoustic emissions reflect the functional status of the outer hair cells and constitute the only non-invasive means of objective cochlear investigation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of otoacoustic emissions in early identification of aminoglycoside-induced cochlear dysfunction. In addition, a comparison with pure-tone audiometry or auditory brainstem responses was performed in order to determine if this test might provide a more reliable method of monitoring early ototoxic insults to the cochlea. Twenty four children receiving gentamicin (4 mg/kg once daily) for 6-29 days were included in the study. Eleven children received gentamicin for up to 7 days (group A), while 13 underwent longer-term therapy lasting 8-29 days (group B). Hearing was serially monitored using transient evoked otoacoustic emissions and pure-tone audiometry (0.25-12 kHz) or auditory brainstem responses for younger or uncooperative children. Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions data were analysed in terms of emission amplitude and response reproducibility as a function of frequency. All patients yielded a normal baseline audiometric assessment upon hospital admission. For group A patients no significant changes in hearing levels were observed either by pure-tone audiometry (P = 0.2), auditory brainstem responses (P = 0.3) or transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (mean response: P = 0.06, reproducibility by frequency: P > 0.05). For group B patients no significant changes in hearing levels measured by pure-tone audiometry (P = 0.1) or auditory brainstem responses (P = 0.4) were observed. Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions however revealed a statistically significant decrease in the mean response level (P = 0.017) and in the reproducibility over the whole frequency spectrum (1 kHz: P = 0.0057, 2 kHz: P = 0.0247, 3 kHz: P = 0.0134, 4 kHz: P = 0.0049, 5 kHz: P = 0.0019). The findings suggest that transient evoked otoacoustic emissions are an extremely sensitive measure of the early effects of aminoglycoside-induced injury to the peripheral auditory system. Therefore, their use is recommended for regular monitoring of cochlear function, in the presence of potentially toxic factors, aiming at prevention of permanent damage.
    International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 11/1999; 50(3):177-84. · 1.35 Impact Factor