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Publications (5)16.1 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We report on a patient with a clinically diagnosed Philadelphia negative chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) with a so far unrecorded complex translocation event between the two homologue chromosomes 5. At the GTG-band level the karyotype was normal, apart from an enlarged chromosome 5 and an extremely shortened second chromosome 5. Both derivative chromosomes 5 consisted exclusively of #5 derived material as proven by 24-color FISH. To characterize the complex aberration in more detail the multicolor banding (MCB) technique using a chromosome 5 specific probe set was applied. Using this DNA-based high resolution banding procedure, the karyotype could be described as 46,XX,del(5)(pterright curved arrow q12::q33right curved arrow qter),ins(5)(pterright curved arrow q15::q12right curved arrow q21::q21right curved arrow qter). In consequence, the aberration leads to a partial deletion of the long arm of chromosome 5: del(5)(q21q33), which would not have been identified using conventional banding techniques or 24-color FISH.
    International Journal of Oncology 07/2002; 20(6):1179-81. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to characterize the ABL1-BCR fusion gene in 76 BCR-ABL1-positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients regarding expression as well as genomic status, to assess the frequency of ABL1-BCR gene deletion in these patients, which has been reported to be an adverse prognostic factor in Philadelphia chromosome-positive CML. Patients were analyzed for ABL1-BCR 1b-b3 and/or 1b-b4 transcription by RT-PCR analysis. ABL1-BCR gene status was analyzed by FISH in 16 CML patients with no ABL1-BCR transcript. FISH revealed a partial or total deletion of the ABL1-BCR gene in 9/16 and localized the 5' portion of ABL1 and the 3' portion of BCR at separated loci in 5/16 patients. The latter FISH pattern resulted from a nonreciprocal translocation in two and a complex translocation in three individuals. In 2/16 patients, FISH could not exclude an intact ABL1-BCR fusion gene. Thus, most CML patients without ABL1-BCR transcript could be characterized cytogenetically to belong to two major subgroups: a silent ABL1-BCR gene was attributed to a deletion in der(9)t(9;22) in 56% of the investigated patients or to variants of a standard t(9;22) (approximately 31%). Conversely, none of the 50 patients with an ABL1-BCR transcript exhibited a variant t(9;22) in GTG-banding analysis. Thus, genomic aberrations such as deletions or complex genomic rearrangements are the basic and most frequent cause for ABL1-BCR RNA negativity in CML. The heterogeneity of the underlying molecular mechanisms may explain divergent clinical implications described for patients with an ABL1-BCR deletion and those with no ABL1-BCR transcript.
    Genes Chromosomes and Cancer 07/2002; 34(2):193-200. · 3.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A case of chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML) in a 48-year-old man is reported. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a Philadelphia-negative CML with an acquired small supernumerary marker chromosome (SMC) 11 as the sole abnormality. The derivative chromosome 11 was studied in detail using molecular cytogenetic methods; fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using centromere- and region-specific probes for chromosome 11, microdissection, micro-comparative genomic hybridization (micro-CGH) and the recently developed multicolour banding (MCB) technique. The acquired SMC was determined to be a ring chromosome that can be described as r(11)(:p11.2-->q13.1:q14:).
    British Journal of Haematology 05/2001; 113(2):435-8. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) is a well established technique in molecular cytogenetics. However, leukemias, and especially secondary acute myelogenous leukemias (sAML) are not very well analyzed by this technique, even though such diseases are often characterized by complex karyotypic changes, not resolvable by conventional cytogenetic banding analysis. This lack of CGH-studies might be due to the fact, that in most cases bone marrow aspirate is too limited to do DNA-extraction additionally to the cytogenetic analysis. To circumvent this problem a new CGH technique has been applied to analyze 10 AML cases with complex karyotypic changes. In each case 15 interphase nuclei of the harvested and fixed bone marrow cell-suspension have been microdissected from the coverslip surface and collected in a tube. Subsequently, DNA was amplified by DOP-PCR. With this micro-CGH technique additional cytogenetic information from 10 highly aberrant AML cases was obtained and confirmed by FISH on metaphase of the corresponding AML case.
    International Journal of Oncology 04/2000; 16(3):461-8. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: DNA libraries of the human chromosome arms 16p and 16q have been constructed by means of microdissection for the use of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis of rearranged chromosome 16 in acute myeloid leukemia. FISH with differently labeled chromosome 16p and 16q arm-specific libraries on normal metaphase spreads resulted in bright painting signals on both arms of chromosome 16, each stained in a different color. Hybridization on bone marrow samples of acute leukemia patients having a pericentric inversion of chromosome 16 showed on one chromosome 16 the presence of q-arm specific material on the p-arm adjacent to the centromere and vice versa, resulting in an alternating red-green-red-green colored chromosome pattern in the FISH analysis.
    Oncology Reports 09/1996; 3(5):829-32. · 2.30 Impact Factor