C Lund

Copenhagen University Hospital Hvidovre, Hvidovre, Capital Region, Denmark

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Publications (45)152.17 Total impact

  • Ugeskrift for laeger 10/2008; 170(40):3157; author reply 3158.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of medical emergency teams (MET) is to identify and treat deteriorating patients on general wards, and to avoid cardiac arrest, unplanned intensive care unit admission and death. The effectiveness of METs has yet to be proven, as the only two randomised, controlled trials on the subject show conflicting results. Despite the lack of evidence, METs are gaining popularity and are being implemented in Danish hospitals as part of Operation Life.
    Ugeskrift for laeger 09/2008; 170(35):2661-3.
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    ABSTRACT: Evidence-based guidelines on optimal perioperative fluid management have not been established, and recent randomized trials in major abdominal surgery suggest that large amounts of fluid may increase morbidity and hospital stay. However, no information is available on detailed functional outcomes or with fast-track surgery. Therefore, we investigated the effects of two regimens of intraoperative fluids with physiological recovery as the primary outcome measure after fast-track colonic surgery. In a double-blind study, 32 ASA I-III patients undergoing elective colonic surgery were randomized to 'restrictive' (Group 1) or 'liberal' (Group 2) perioperative fluid administration. Fluid algorithms were based on fixed rates of crystalloid infusions and a standardized volume of colloid. Pulmonary function (spirometry) was the primary outcome measure, with secondary outcomes of exercise capacity (submaximal exercise test), orthostatic tolerance, cardiovascular hormonal responses, postoperative ileus (transit of radio-opaque markers), postoperative nocturnal hypoxaemia, and overall recovery within a well-defined multimodal, fast-track recovery programme. Hospital stay and complications were also noted. 'Restrictive' (median 1640 ml, range 935-2250 ml) compared with 'liberal' fluid administration (median 5050 ml, range 3563-8050 ml) led to significant improvement in pulmonary function and postoperative hypoxaemia. In contrast, we found significantly reduced concentrations of cardiovascularly active hormones (renin, aldosterone, and angiotensin II) in Group 2. The number of patients with complications was not significantly different between the groups [1 ('liberal' group) [corrected] vs 6 ('restrictive' group) [corrected] patients, P = 0.08]. A 'restrictive' [corrected] fluid regimen led to a transient improvement in pulmonary function and postoperative hypoxaemia but no other differences in all-over physiological recovery compared with a 'liberal' [corrected] fluid regimen after fast-track colonic surgery. Since morbidity tended to be increased with the 'restrictive' fluid regimen, future studies should focus on the effect of individualized 'goal-directed' fluid administration strategies rather than fixed fluid amounts on postoperative outcome.
    BJA British Journal of Anaesthesia 11/2007; 99(4):500-8. · 4.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effect of estrogen replacement therapy or soy isoflavones supplement on endothelium-dependent relaxation in vitro and gene expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in cerebral arteries in a rabbit model of human hypercholesterolemia. Thirty-six female ovariectomized Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic (WHHL) rabbits were randomised to treatment with 17beta-estradiol (17beta-E(2)), SoyLife 150 or control for 16 weeks. Ring segments of basilar artery (BA) and posterior cerebral artery (PCA) were mounted in myographs for isometric tension recordings. Concentration response curves to carbamylcholine chloride, sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and l-NAME were evaluated after precontraction with potassium. Total RNA was extracted, reverse transcribed and eNOS quantitated by real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR). Plasma cholesterol was significantly higher at termination in the SoyLife group (P<0.0001), whereas low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol was comparable in all treatment groups. Neither treatment influenced the endothelium-dependent responses to carbamylcholine chloride or l-NAME or the endothelium-independent response to SNP in any of the arteries. Correspondingly, eNOS mRNA was similarly expressed in all treatment groups in both arteries. Improvement of cerebral endothelial function by estrogen or soy isoflavones in ovariectomized WHHL rabbits is not supported by the present data. The findings may be unique to the WHHL rabbit in which the hypocholesterolemic effect of estrogens mediated by upregulation of liver LDL receptors is excluded.
    European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 02/2007; 130(1):84-92. · 1.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic colonic surgery has been claimed to hasten recovery and reduce hospital stay compared with open operation. Recently, enforced multimodal rehabilitation (fast-track surgery) has improved recovery and reduced hospital stay in both laparoscopic and open colonic surgery. Since no comparative data between laparoscopic and open colonic resection with multimodal rehabilitation are available, the value of laparoscopy per se is unknown. In a randomized, observer-and-patient, blinded trial, 60 patients (median age 75 years) underwent elective laparoscopic or open colonic resection with fast-track rehabilitation and planned discharge after 48 hours. Functional recovery was assessed in detail during the first postoperative month. Median postoperative hospital stay was 2 days in both groups, with early and similar recovery to normal activities as assessed by hours of mobilization per day, computerized monitoring of motor activity assessed, pulmonary function, cardiovascular response to treadmill exercise, pain, sleep quality, fatigue, and return to normal gastrointestinal function. There were no significant differences in postoperative morbidity, mortality, or readmissions, although 3 patients died in the open versus nil in the laparoscopic group. Functional recovery after colonic resection is rapid with a multimodal rehabilitation regimen and without differences between open and laparoscopic operation. Further large-scale studies are required on potential differences in serious morbidity and mortality.
    Annals of Surgery 04/2005; 241(3):416-23. · 6.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to evaluate initial postoperative pain intensity and the association with recovery of gastrointestinal function and length of stay (LOS) in a multimodal programme with epidural analgesia, early oral nutrition and mobilisation with a 48 h planned hospital stay. One hundred and ten consecutive patients scheduled for elective open colonic resection under general anaesthesia with combined thoracic epidural analgesia were prospectively studied. Postoperative epidural analgesia was maintained for 48 h with bupivacaine 2.5 mg/ml and morphine 50 μg/ml, 4 ml/h. Postoperative pain scores were assessed during cough on a categorical scale (0: no pain, 1: slight pain, 2: moderate pain, 3: severe pain) 24 and 48 h after surgery. Sum of pain scores (24 + 48 h assessments) was compared with time to first postoperative defaecation and LOS. Data from 19 patients were excluded because of change in the surgical procedures (2), surgical morbidity (6), medical factors (4) and psychosocial or other factors (5) all independent of pain. Pain data were incomplete in two patients and therefore excluded. In the remaining 91 patients, median time to defaecation and LOS were 24 and 48 h, respectively. Gastrointestinal recovery and LOS did not differ between patients with high (3–6) versus low (0–2) dynamic pain scores (P > 0.4 and P > 0.1, respectively). It is concluded that a multimodal rehabilitation program including continuous thoracic epidural analgesia leads to early recovery of gastrointestinal function and sufficient analgesia allowing discharge within 2–3 days in most patients after colonic resection.
    Acute Pain 01/2005; 7(1):5-11.
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of 2 levels of intraoperative fluid administration on perioperative physiology and outcome after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Intraoperative fluid administration is variable as a result of limited knowledge of physiological and clinical effects of different fluid substitution regimens. In a double-blind study, 48 ASA I-II patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomized to 15 mL/kg (group 1) or 40 mL/kg (group 2) intraoperative administration of lactated Ringer's solution (LR). All other aspects of perioperative management as well as preoperative fluid status were standardized. Primary outcome parameters were assessed repeatedly for the first 24 postoperative hours and included pulmonary function (spirometry), exercise capacity (submaximal treadmill test), cardiovascular hormonal responses, balance function, pain, nausea and vomiting, recovery, and hospital stay. Intraoperative administration of 40 mL/kg compared with 15 mL/kg LR led to significant improvements in postoperative pulmonary function and exercise capacity and a reduced stress response (aldosterone, antidiuretic hormone, and angiotensin II). Nausea, general well-being, thirst, dizziness, drowsiness, fatigue, and balance function were also significantly improved, as well as significantly more patients fulfilled discharge criteria and were discharged on the day of surgery with the high-volume fluid substitution. Intraoperative administration of 40 mL/kg compared with 15 mL/kg LR improves postoperative organ functions and recovery and shortens hospital stay after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
    Annals of Surgery 12/2004; 240(5):892-9. · 6.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was in an animal model to assess the vascular effects of different progestins commonly used in hormonal replacement treatment. Fifty-six non-atherosclerotic, ovariectomized New Zealand white rabbits were randomized into seven groups: (1) medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), (2) norethisterone acetate (NETA), (3) conjugated equine estrogens (CEE), (4) 17-beta-estradiol (E2), (5) MPA+CEE , (6) NETA+E2 , (7) or placebo (n=8) and given hormonal treatment through the diet for 4 weeks. Ring segments from the left proximal coronary artery and from the distal part of the left anterior descending coronary artery were microdissected and mounted for isometric tension recordings in a myograph. The vasoconstrictory responses induced by potassium, endothelin-1, calcium and Nw-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, and the vasodilatory response induced by acetylcholine and sodiumnitroprusside were investigated. The maximum contraction/relaxation (Emax) and the concentration required to induce half the maximum response (EC50) were determined. EC50 values were expressed as the negative logarithm to the molar concentration, pD2=-log EC50. Treatment with MPA alone caused when compared to treatment with NETA an increase in tension development in the distal coronary artery after the addition of potassium ( 6.36+/-0.36 versus 4.31+/-0.42 P<0.005) (single dose response, mN/mm, mean+/-S.E.M.) and endothelin-1 (9.41+/-0.82 versus 6.43+/-0.73 P<0.05) (Emax, mN/mm, mean+/-S.E.M.). Treatment with MPA compared to placebo caused an endothelin-1 induced increase of Emax in the distal coronary artery (9.21+/-0.87 versus 6.51+/-0.65 P<0.05) and a calcium induced increase of pD2 in both coronary arteries (2.98+/-0.19 versus 2.42+/-0.12 P<0.05, proximal coronary artery) (3.26+/-0.09 versus 2.9+/-0.1 P<0.05, distal coronary artery) (pD2, mean+/-S.E.M.). Treatment with NETA compared to placebo in the proximal coronary artery, after the addition of sodiumnitroprusside caused a decrease of pD2 (5.33+/-0.19 versus 5.94+/-0.13 P<0.05). Treatment with E2 compared to treatment with CEE in the proximal coronary artery caused a decrease of pD2 after the addition of sodiumnitroprusside (5.00+/-0.16 versus 5.77+/-0.28 P<0.05). No significant differences were found between MPA+CEE and NETA+E2. Treatment with MPA alone seems to enhance the contractile response to potassium and endothelin-1 in the distal coronary artery compared to NETA, indicating that different progestins used in hormonal replacement treatment may display different effects on contractile functions of coronary arteries.
    Maturitas 12/2004; 49(4):304-14. · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the acute effects of estradiol, tibolone and its metabolites on coronary arteries in vitro and to investigate possible vascular mechanisms. Coronary artery ring segments from female rabbits were mounted in myographs for isometric tension recordings. Concentration-response curves to tibolone, 3 alpha-OH-tibolone, 3 beta-OH-tibolone, Delta 4-isomer and 17 beta-estradiol were obtained after precontraction with potassium 30 mmol/l and after addition of N omega-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester 10(-4) mol/l (l-NAME, an inhibitor of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase) or tetraethylammonium chloride 10(-2) mol/l (TEA, an unspecific inhibitor of potassium channels). The effects of the different substances to calcium concentration-response curves were evaluated. Responses are expressed as maximal contraction (E max), concentration giving half maximal contraction (log EC50) or area under curve (AUC). Tibolone and its metabolites induced a concentration-dependent vasodilatation comparable to that of 17 beta-estradiol with the rank of potency: 3 beta-OH-tibolone approximately = to tibolone>3 alpha-OH-tibolone>Delta 4-isomer (ANOVA). l-NAME partly inhibited the relaxation to all substances. TEA induced a slight rightward shift of the relaxation to 3 alpha-OH-tibolone (log EC50: -5.05 versus -5.20; P<0.05; Student's t-test), but not to the other substances. Calcium concentration-dependent contraction curves were inhibited by all substances compared to controls (AUC, P<0.05, ANOVA). Our data indicate that the acute relaxation induced by tibolone and its metabolites in coronary arteries in vitro are probably mediated by endothelium independent inhibition of calcium channels but may also involve an endothelium-dependent mechanism via nitric oxide. The effect of tibolone is comparable to that of 17 beta-estradiol in this set-up.
    Maturitas 12/2004; 49(3):179-88. · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The lack of a cardioprotective effect of hormone replacement therapy (HRT), as suggested by the Heart and Estrogen/progestin Replacement Study (HERS) and Women's Health Initiative (WHI) may in part be explained by the progestin used. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect of different progestins on cerebrovascular reactivity in an animal model. Fifty-six ovariectomized New Zealand White rabbits were randomized into seven groups receiving hormone treatment for 4 weeks: medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) (10 mg/day); norethisterone acetate (NETA) (3 mg/day); conjugated equine estrogens (CEE) (1.25 mg/day); 17beta-estradiol (E2) (4 mg/day); MPA + CEE (10 mg/day + 1.25 mg/day); NETA + E2 (3 mg/day + 4 mg/day); or placebo. Segments from the basilar and posterior cerebral arteries were mounted in myographs for tension recordings. Concentration-response curves to potassium, acetylcholine, sodium nitroprusside, L-NAME (N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester), calcium and endothelin-1 were established. Treatment with MPA caused a significant increase in vasoconstriction, expressed as E(max) (mN/mm, mean +/- SEM; p < 0.05), in response to potassium (3.18 +/- 0.19 vs. 2.47 +/- 0.19) and calcium (4.00 +/- 0.22 vs. 3.34 +/- 0.14) in the posterior cerebral artery, and to endothelin-1 (6.88 +/- 0.69 vs. 5.22 +/- 0.30) in the basilar artery, when compared with NETA. This difference was neutralized in the groups receiving the combined treatment of MPA + CEE and NETA + E2. No overall differences were seen between CEE and E2. In rabbit cerebral arteries, MPA treatment causes a higher development in arterial tension compared with NETA, indicating that different progestins may display different cerebrovascular effects. However, when accompanied by estrogens, as in the case of HRT, this difference is eliminated.
    Climacteric 03/2004; 7(1):12-22. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The most common side effect of epidural or spinal anesthesia is hypotension with functional hypovolemia prompting fluid infusions or administration of vasopressors. Short-term studies (20 min) in patients undergoing lumbar epidural anesthesia suggest that plasma volume may increase when hypotension is present, which may have implications for the choice of treatment of hypotension. However, no long-term information or measurements of plasma volumes with or without hypotension after epidural anesthesia are available. In 12 healthy volunteers, the authors assessed plasma (125I-albumin) and erythrocyte (51Cr-EDTA) volumes before and 90 min after administration of 10 ml bupivacaine, 0.5%, via a thoracic epidural catheter (T7-T10). After 90 min (t = 90), subjects were randomized to administration of fluid (7 ml/kg hydroxyethyl starch) or a vasopressor (0.2 mg/kg ephedrine), and 40 min later (t = 130), plasma and erythrocyte volumes were measured. At the same time points, mean corpuscular volume and hematocrit were measured. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and hemoglobin were measured every 5 min throughout the study. Volume kinetic analysis was performed for the volunteers receiving hydroxyethyl starch. Plasma volume did not change per se after thoracic epidural anesthesia despite a decrease in blood pressure. Plasma volume increased with fluid administration but remained unchanged with vasopressors despite that both treatments had similar hemodynamic effects. Hemoglobin concentrations were not significantly altered by the epidural blockade or ephedrine administration but decreased significantly after hydroxyethyl starch administration. Volume kinetic analysis showed that the infused fluid expanded a rather small volume, approximately 1.5 l. The elimination constant was 56 ml/min. Thoracic epidural anesthesia per se does not lead to changes in blood volumes despite a reduction in blood pressure. When fluid is infused, there is a dilution, and the fluid initially seems to be located centrally. Because administration of hydroxyethyl starch and ephedrine has similar hemodynamic effects, the latter may be preferred in patients with cardiopulmonary diseases in which perioperative fluid overload is undesirable.
    Anesthesiology 03/2004; 100(2):281-6. · 5.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The most common side effect of epidural or spinal anesthesia is hypotension with functional hypovolemia prompting fluid infusions or administration of vasopressors. Short-term studies (20 min) in patients undergoing lumbar epidural anesthesia suggest that plasma volume may increase when hypotension is present, which may have implications for the choice of treatment of hypotension. However, no long-term information or measurements of plasma volumes with or without hypotension after epidural anesthesia are available.
    Anesthesiology 01/2004; 100(2):281-286. · 5.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the acute effects of tibolone and its metabolites on cerebral vascular reactivity in vitro. Ring segments of the posterior cerebral artery from female rabbits were mounted in myographs for isometric tension recordings. Concentration-response curves with tibolone, 3alpha-OH-tibolone, 3beta-OH-tibolone, Delta(4) isomer and 17beta-estradiol were obtained before and after addition of the NO blocker N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 10(-4) mol/l) or the potassium-channel blocker tetraethylammonium chloride (TEA, 10(-2) mol/l). Additionally, the effects of the hormones on the concentration-response curves with calcium were examined. Tibolone and its metabolites induced a concentration-dependent relaxation comparable to that of 17beta-estradiol (area under the curve (AUC); tibolone vs. 17beta-estradiol: 242 vs. 251; p < 0.05, analysis of variance). L-NAME increased the AUC for all substances compared with controls (p < 0.05, Student's t test), except for 17beta-estradiol. Preincubation with TEA induced no changes. The concentration-dependent contraction curves with calcium were shifted rightward by all hormones. The study demonstrates that the acute relaxation induced by tibolone and its metabolites in cerebral arteries in vitro is comparable to that with 17beta-estradiol, and seems to be mediated by inhibition of voltage-gated calcium channels and possibly partly by a nitric oxide-dependent mechanism.
    Climacteric 09/2003; 6(3):228-37. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate fertility after salpingectomy or tubotomy for ectopic pregnancy. Retrospective cohort study. Clinical University Center, Hvidovre Hospital, Copenhagen. Two hundred and seventy-six women undergoing salpingectomy or tubotomy for their first ectopic pregnancy between January 1992 and January 1999 and who actively attempted to conceive were followed for a minimum of 18 months. Retrospective cohort study combined with questionnaire to compare reproductive outcome following salpingectomy or tubotomy for ectopic pregnancy. Cumulative probabilities of pregnancy for each group were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier estimator and compared by Cox regression analysis to control for potential confounders. Intrauterine pregnancy rates and recurrence rates of ectopic pregnancy after surgery for ectopic pregnancy. The cumulative intrauterine pregnancy rate was significantly higher after tubotomy (88%) than after salpingectomy (66%) (log rank P < 0.05) after correction for confounding factors. No difference was found in the recurrence rate of ectopic pregnancy between the treatments (16% vs 17%). In patients with contralateral tubal pathology, the chance of pregnancy was poor (hazard ratio 0.463) and the risk of recurrence was high (hazard ratio 2.25), assessed with Cox regression. The rate of persistent ectopic pregnancy was 8%. Conservative surgery is superior to radical surgery at preserving fertility. Conservative surgery is not followed by an increased risk of repeat ectopic pregnancy, but by the risk of persistent ectopic pregnancy, which should be taken into account when deciding on the operative procedure. Management in case of contralateral tubal pathology is disputed and should ideally be addressed in a randomised clinical trial.
    BJOG An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology 08/2003; 110(8):765-70. · 3.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Despite the widespread use of paracetamol for many years, the analgesic serum concentrations of paracetamol are unknown. Therefore the correlation between serum paracetamol concentrations and the analgesic effect was studied. Sixty-four women undergoing laparoscopic sterilization were included in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study. Patients were given i.v. propacetamol 40 mg kg(-1) (group H), 20 mg kg(-1) (group I), 10 mg kg(-1) (group L) or placebo after surgery. Alfentanil was available via patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) during the 4-h postoperative study period. The patients' self-reported pain was registered on the visual analog scale (VAS). A pharmacokinetic model was fitted to the paracetamol data. One to 3 h after injection of propacetamol the alfentanil consumption was significantly (P = 0.01-0.04) higher in the placebo group compared with groups H, I, and L receiving propacetamol. There were no significant differences between the amounts of alfentanil consumed in groups H, I, and L. Initial VAS-scores were moderate (5.4-6.2), and declined significantly (P < 0.0001) over time, with no difference between groups. Paracetamol followed an open two-compartment model with i.v. administration and first order elimination. The estimated concentrations immediately (t = 0) after injection were 56 mg l(-1) (H), 28 mg l(-1) (I) and 14 mg l(-1) (L). We showed a significant opioid-sparing effect of paracetamol in the immediate postoperative period. Pharmacokinetic data were in accordance with other studies. Our results suggest that a ceiling effect of paracetamol may be present at i.v. doses of 5 mg kg(-1), i.e. a serum concentration of 14 mg l(-1), which is a lower dose than previously suggested.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 02/2003; 47(2):138-45. · 2.36 Impact Factor
  • Atherosclerosis Supplements - ATHEROSCLER SUPPL. 01/2003; 4(2):276-276.
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    ABSTRACT: The drawback of conservative surgery for ectopic pregnancy (EP) is the risk of persistent trophoblast. The purpose was to characterize patients who develop persistent ectopic pregnancy (PEP) after salpingotomy for EP and to assess prognostic factors. The medical records of 417 patients treated by salpingotomy for EP were reviewed. Forty-eight (11.5%) patients were diagnosed with persistent EP. The data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U-test, Fischer's exact test or the chi2-test. Of 417 women, 48 (11,5%) were treated for PEP by either repeat surgery (n = 25) or methotrexate (n = 23). Oral methotrexate failed in 4/19 cases while intramuscular (i.m.) methotrexate was successful in 4/4 cases. Women treated for PEP had a higher preoperative and a slower postoperative decline of serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). Both the preoperative and the early postoperative hCG levels had a low diagnostic sensitivity (0.38-0.66) and specificity (0.74-0.77) for predicting PEP. In multivariate logistic analysis, none of the following clinical variables were predictive of PEP: duration of surgery, laparoscopic approach, history of previous EP, history of previous lower abdominal surgery, ruptured EP, pelvic adhesions, absence of products of conception at microscopy and hemoperitoneum. Persistent ectopic pregnancy can neither be predicted from clinical variables nor from single measurements of hCG with an accuracy sufficient for clinical use.
    Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica 12/2002; 81(11):1053-9. · 1.85 Impact Factor
  • Claus Lund
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    ABSTRACT: It is of great importance that anaesthetic regimens match surgical procedures in regard to surgical time, in reducing organ dysfunction elicited by the anaesthesia and surgical trauma and by providing optimal post-operative pain treatment, leaving the possibility of early mobilization. New, rapidly eliminated anaesthetic drugs are, by virtue of their pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic profiles, optimal for use; combined with continuous thoracic epidurals with local anaesthetics and low-dose opioids, these drugs may permit reduction of various post-operative complications. Minimally invasive surgical techniques (e.g. laparoscopy) lead to serious anaesthesiological considerations concerning changes in haemodynamic and pulmonary parameters and intra-abdominal blood flow changes caused by increased intra-abdominal pressures. Few studies have evaluated whether these changes affect surgical outcome and whether or not different anaesthetic regimens influence relevant morbidity parameters. In future documentation it is important that controlled, well-designed clinical studies evaluate how the advantages from multimodal anaesthetic techniques improve relevant surgical outcome.
    Baillière&#x27 s Best Practice and Research in Clinical Anaesthesiology 04/2002; 16(1):21-33.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To identify factors limiting early discharge after laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) and abdominal hysterectomy, in a fast track setting with emphasis on information, treatment of pain, early mobilization, and early food intake. Study Design: A prospective, descriptive study of 32 unselected women allocated to either abdominal hysterectomy (n=16) or LAVH (n=16). The patients received the same information, care, and advice for the perioperative period except for an assumed 1-day hospital stay in the LAVH-group and 2 days in the abdominal group. Results: Patients were discharged median 1 day (1–3) after LAVH and 2 days (2–4) after abdominal hysterectomy. Work was resumed median 23 days after abdominal hysterectomy and 28 days after LAVH (P>0.05). Conclusions: The study questions the previously proposed advantages of shortened hospitalization and convalescence after LAVH compared with abdominal hysterectomy. Further studies with active rehabilitation are needed to demonstrate real differences between laparoscopic and open hysterectomy.
    European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 10/2001; · 1.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate postural stability in patients after inguinal herniorrhaphy under local infiltration anaesthesia, to see if the anaesthetics and analgesics used influenced it and therefore hindered early discharge. Open study. Teaching hospital, Denmark. 55 patients listed for elective inguinal herniorrhaphy. Preoperative and intraoperative infiltration anaesthesia by bupivacaine 2.5 mg/ml (median dose 41 ml, range 30-84 ml), and sedation with midazolam intraoperatively (median dose 3 mg, range 0-10 mg). Lichtenstein tension-free technique with polypropylene mesh repair (Prolene). Measurement of postural stability before operation and 30 and 60 minutes afterwards using the "Basic Balance Master" system, and balance assessed by visual analogue scale and verbal rating scale. Postural stability and subjectively assessed balance. Dynamic postural stability was impaired 30 min (p < 0.05), but not 60 minutes postoperatively. All but two patients were discharged shortly after the measurement at 60 minutes, because of pain in one and an attack of asthma in the other. Balance also returned to normal within an hour. Objectively measured postural stability and subjectively assessed balance return to normal within 60 minutes after inguinal herniorrhaphy under local infiltration anaesthesia, thereby permitting early discharge.
    The European Journal of Surgery 07/2001; 167(6):449-52.

Publication Stats

992 Citations
152.17 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1985–2008
    • Copenhagen University Hospital Hvidovre
      • • Department of Anesthesiology
      • • Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics
      Hvidovre, Capital Region, Denmark
  • 1992
    • Herlev Hospital
      Herlev, Capital Region, Denmark