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Publications (2)7.4 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Daptomycin has demonstrated in vitro activity against gram-positive organisms, including Streptococcus pneumoniae. However, the pharmacodynamic (PD) profile of daptomycin is needed to relate the activity of the drug to biologically achievable concentrations. The PD profile of daptomycin against four S. pneumoniae isolates was determined using the immunocompromised murine thigh model. Due to the high protein binding of this agent, PD parameters were calculated based on free drug exposures. Efficacy was assessed by the change in log colony-forming units (CFU) in thighs after 24 h of drug treatment. Daptomycin produced a 7.1 (95% confidence interval 7.0-7.2) log(10) CFU kill. The ratio between overall drug exposure and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) (AUC/MIC) was the most predictive of the PD parameters. The S. pneumoniae AUC/MIC required for static effects was 12 (95% confidence interval 10-14). Eighty percent and 99% of maximal kill was achieved at ratios of 35 (95% confidence interval 32-39) and 184 (95% confidence interval 160-208), respectively. Clinically achievable serum drug exposures produced by the lowest dose of daptomycin currently studied in humans (4 mg/kg/day) should result in a potent in vivo bactericidal effect against infections due to S. pneumoniae such as bacteremia, where serum drug concentrations adequately reflect the concentration at the site of infection.
    Chemotherapy 05/2004; 50(1):11-6. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To describe the pharmacodynamic profile of daptomycin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Enterococci species based on bacterial density in an immunocompromised mouse thigh infection model. The pharmacodynamic (PD) profile of daptomycin was determined against two MRSA, one vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium, and one vancomycin-susceptible Enterococcus faecalis using the immunocompromised murine thigh model. Efficacy was assessed by the change in log10 cfu in thighs after 24 h of drug treatment. Daptomycin produced a maximal kill of 4.5-5 log10 cfu against the MRSA and 1.5-2 log10 for the Enterococcus species. AUC/MIC was the most predictive of the PD parameters. Utilizing MICs determined in serum or broth in the calculation of the PD parameters had minimal effect on this correlation. AUCfree/MICbroth required for static effects with MRSA and Enterococcus species were 12-36 and 5-13, whereas 99% of maximal kill was achieved at ratios of 171-442 and 38-157, respectively. These data reveal the potent in vivo bactericidal activity of daptomycin against MRSA and Enterococcus species using clinically achievable drug exposures (dose 4-6 mg/kg per day) currently under investigation in man.
    Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 10/2003; 52(3):405-11. · 5.34 Impact Factor