ABSTRACT: It has been shown that beta-glucan (BG), which has antioxidant and immunomodulatory effects, attenuats renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. We aimed to investigate whether BG might have a preventive role against the development of contrast-induced nephropathy and to compare its effect with nebivolol (Nb) and N-acetylcysteine (NAC).
Thirty-six Wistar albino female rats were randomly divided into six groups (n = 6 each): control, contrast media (CM), BG, BG + CM, Nb + CM, and NAC + CM. With the exception of control and CM groups, the others were given drugs orally once a day for 5 days. Kidney function parameters, inflammatory parameters, and serum and renal tissue oxidative stress markers were measured.
Increases of serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen levels were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in the CM group only. Absolute changes of serum creatinine levels in BG, BG + CM and Nb + CM groups were significantly lower than those in the CM group (p < 0.05). Serum levels of advanced oxidation protein products and malondialdehyde were significantly less (p < 0.05) in the BG group compared to the CM group. Histopathological lesions in the CM group were more advanced (p < 0.05). No significant differences between the BG + CM, Nb + CM and NAC + CM groups were found with regard to histopathological findings.
This study suggests that BG protects or ameliorates against contrast-induced nephropathy. Its beneficial effects may be similar to or greater than those of Nb or NAC.
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology 04/2011; 15(5):658-65. · 1.37 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Sildenafil may lead an improvement in anastomotic healing of ischemic left colon anastomosis.
Thirty-six male Wistar albino rats were randomized into four experimental groups (n=9 in each group). In group 1, a well-perfused left colonic segment was transected, and free ends were anatomosed. In groups 2, 3 and 4 animals underwent a standardized surgical procedure to induce ischemic left colon anastomosis. Group 2 animals received only tap water. In groups 3 and 4 animals received 10mg/kg/body-weight and 20mg/kg/body-weight sildenafil, single dose a day during 4 days, respectively. Rats were sacrificed on day 4 following operation. Anastomotic integrity, intra-peritoneal adhesion scores, anastomotic bursting pressures and tissue hydroxyproline levels were recorded. Histopathological examination of the anastomosis was also performed.
There was no statistically significant difference among groups with respect to anastomotic integrity (p=0.142) but ischemia decreased the anastomotic bursting pressure. The mean bursting pressure values were 78.8+/-24.1, 43.3+/-26, 55.1+/-32.4, and 43.3+/-20.4 in groups 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. Group 1 had the highest values whereas; there was no statistically significant difference between groups 1 and 3. There was no statistically significant difference among groups 2, 3, and 4 with respect to tissue hydroxyproline levels, adhesion scores and the Chiu scores. The highest inflammatory cell presence in the granulation tissue was detected in group 2, whereas the lowest was detected in group 4 (p=0.0001). The highest fibroblast infiltration in the granulation tissue was detected in group 1 (p=0.045).
Our results showed that 10mg/kg sildenafil decreased the adverse effects of ischemia on the healing of ischemic left colon anastomosis. Additional investigations are needed to confirm the effects of phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors in ischemic colon anastomosis models.
International journal of surgery (London, England) 11/2008; 7(1):39-43.
ABSTRACT: 2-octyl-cyanoacrylate may be a good alternative in ischemic colon anastomosis without impairment of tissue perfusion.
Forty male Wistar albino rats were randomized into four experimental groups (n = 10 in each group). In group 1 (control), a well-perfused left colonic segment was transected, and free ends were anastomosed by propylene sutures. In groups 2, 3, and 4, the animals underwent a standardized surgical procedure to induce ischemic left colon anastomosis. In group 2, an end-to-end anastomosis was created using six interrupted 6-0 polypropylene sutures between ischemic edges. In group 3, after approximating the mesenteric and antimesenteric edges of the anastomosis with two 6-0 polypropylene sutures, 2-octyl-cyanoacrylate was applied between the edges. In group 4, anastomosis was created by the same technique as described in group 2, and additionally 2-octyl-cyanoacrylate was applied on suture line. Rats were killed on day 4 following operation. Anastomotic integrity, intraperitoneal adhesion scores, anastomotic bursting pressures, and tissue hydroxyproline levels were recorded. Histopathological examination of the anastomosis was also performed.
There were no statistically significant differences among groups with respect to anastomotic integrity (p =.142). The mean bursting pressure values were 81.1 +/- 23.83, 43.3 +/- 26.06, 15.8 +/- 11.3, and 17.6 +/- 18.02 in groups 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences among groups 2, 3, and 4 with respect to tissue hydroxyproline levels and bursting pressure levels. The highest adhesion scores were observed in groups 3 and 4.
2-octyl cyanoacrylate does not have additional advantages in the healing of experimental ischemic colon anastomosis.
Journal of Investigative Surgery 22(3):188-94. · 1.09 Impact Factor