[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was performed to examine the relationship between the abstinence results of alcohol dependents after discharge and the level of insight at the time of discharge. 117 male Korean alcohol dependents discharged from a community-based alcohol treatment center were followed up to determine the initial months of abstinence on a successive basis (IMA), total months of abstinence during 12-month period (TMA), and complete abstinence for one full year after discharge. Analyses of abstinence results with adjustment for the differences in baseline characteristics were performed for subjects' insight levels (poor, fair and good). The mean IMA of patients with good insight was significantly (p<0.01) longer than that of patients with poor insight and TMA of patients with good insight was significantly (p<0.001) longer than that of others. Using patients with good insight as the reference, patients with poor insight showed an adjusted odds ratio (OR) of 0.07 (95% confidence interval [CI]=0.01-0.75, p<0.05) for complete abstinence for one full year after discharge and patients with fair insight, adjusted OR of 0.17 (95% CI=0.03-0.81, p<0.05). These results suggest that alcohol dependents' insight could be regarded as a factor related with abstinence.
Journal of Korean Medical Science 03/2007; 22(1):132-7. · 1.25 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We implemented a total laboratory automation (TLA) system, currently used in Chungnam National University Hospital (CNUH), designed around the A&T Corporation to perform the general and specific laboratory testing throughout the system in a timely and cost-effective manner. The system consists of two major lines: chemistry and hematology. The analyzers attached to the hematology line include one SE 9000 hematology analyzer (Sysmex Corporation, Kobe, Japan), one SP-100 slide maker (Sysmex), and one R9000 reticulocyte counter (Sysmex). The chemistry line consists of preanalytic system and linked analyzers. The analyzers attached to chemistry line are one Hitachi 747 chemistry analyzer (Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo, Japan), one A&T 502X analyzer (A&T Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) and one Architect i2000 immunochemistry analyzer (Abbott Diagnostics Division, Santa Clara, USA). The preanaytic system including start stocker, centrifuge, de-cap unit and aliquoting unit were connected with analyzers. The turn around time (TAT) of all tests was shortened in comparison to manual systems. Consequently it makes feasible one-day care clinic and makes reduced inherent errors in sample identification, dispensing, and reporting. In addition, real-time re-run can make test quality more reliable. As many as 12 departments can be reduced to 7 departments. The subsidiary advantages of smaller size were incorporated into reduced working steps facilitating workflow. Overall, better qualified and quicker results can be provided to the clinicians, and proper cost-effectiveness and better quality services can be anticipated as a result of much easier system management and higher reliability. In conclusion, the TLA has been successful within our laboratory.
The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health 02/2002; 33 Suppl 2:68-73. · 0.61 Impact Factor