[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Geropsychotherapy researchers have established specific methods that improve the reliability and generalizability of the data from this research. To date, there has been little formal dissemination of these methods. The authors present guidelines for the optimal conduct of psychotherapy research in older adults, which include selection of age-appropriate psychotherapies and control conditions, use of consumer-based methods for recruitment, evaluation of age-related treatment processes and outcomes, and adjusting the research design to accommodate age-specific life events and provide examples of how each guideline was used in their psychotherapy studies. Psychotherapy research with older adults has benefited from methodological advances that improve our ability to ascertain the impact of psychotherapy on late-life disorders. However, the field is still in need of better outcome and process measures, methods for measuring the therapeutic content of non-psychotherapy encounters, and methods for determining the impact of choice of treatment on outcome.
American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 01/2003; 11(1):9-16. DOI:10.1097/00019442-200301000-00003 · 3.52 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Over the past 20 years, numerous studies have investigated the efficacy of psychotherapy for treating late life depression and, to a lesser degree, the efficacy of psychotherapy combined with antidepressant medication. Of the intervention studies, cognitive-behavioral therapy and interpersonal psychotherapy combined with antidepressant medication have the largest base of evidence in support of their efficacy for late life depression. To a lesser degree, there is support for stand-alone interpersonal psychotherapy, brief dynamic therapy, and life review treatments. The purpose of this review is to present data on the acute and long-term effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy, interpersonal psychotherapy, brief dynamic therapy, and combined antidepressant medication and psychotherapy to discuss the generalizability of these interventions, and to discuss future research directions and the need for increased opportunities for this area of research.