B J Riis

Nordic Bioscience, København, Capital Region, Denmark

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Publications (132)579.65 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: CONTEXT: Treatment of osteoporosis with subcutaneous (SC) injections of rhPTH(1-34) or rhPTH(1-84) is associated with significant improvements in BMD and reductions in osteoporotic fractures. However, subcutaneous injections can be associated with discomfort and thus deteriorating compliance. OBJECTIVE: The UGL-OR1001 trial aimed to establish the efficacy and safety parameters of a novel oral tablet formulation of rhPTH(1-31)NH(2) and matching placebo tablets and open-label teriparatide positive control in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. DESIGN: 24weeks of randomized, double-blind treatment with once daily doses of 5mg oral treatment or corresponding placebo, or open-label subcutaneous teriparatide. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Women diagnosed with postmenopausal osteoporosis as detected by lumbar spine DXA, with an exclusion of those with prior treatment with bone active agents. INTERVENTION(S): Orally formulated recombinant human PTH(1-31)NH(2) and placebo, or open-label subcutaneous teriparatide as a positive control. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The primary endpoint was to characterize the percent change from baseline in bone mineral density (BMD) at L1-L4 axial lumbar spine after 24weeks in the rhPTH(1-31)NH(2) arm. Secondary and exploratory endpoints included safety and tolerability of the oral formulation, measurement of biochemical markers of bone turnover, and evaluation of the PK profile at first and last dose. The study was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov with the identifier: NCT01321723. RESULTS: The oral tablet formulation of rhPTH(1-31)NH(2) resulted in similar PK profiles at both timepoints with mean C(max) values similar to subcutaneous administration. In the rhPTH(1-31)NH(2) arm, a 2.2% increase in lumbar spine BMD was observed compared to baseline (p<0.001), while no change was observed in the placebo arm. Open-label teriparatide, resulted in a 5.1% increase in LS BMD (p<0.001). In the oral PTH study arm, the bone formation marker osteocalcin was increased by 32%, 21% and 23% at Weeks 4, 12 and 24, respectively. There was no significant increase in the level of the bone resorption marker CTx-1. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, these data demonstrate that enteric-coated oral tablet formulation technology consistently generated robust levels of exposure of rhPTH(1-31)NH(2) leading to induction of bone formation without inducing bone resorption resulting in significantly increased levels of LS BMD. Few adverse events were observed, recommending this orally delivered drug candidate for further development.
    Bone 12/2012; · 3.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The long-term efficacy and safety of once-monthly ibandronate were studied in this extension to the 2-year Monthly Oral Ibandronate in Ladies (MOBILE) trial. Over 5 years, lumbar spine bone mineral density (BMD) increased from baseline with monthly ibandronate 150 mg (8.4%). Long-term monthly ibandronate is effective and well tolerated for up to 5 years in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. Once-monthly therapy with ibandronate has been studied for up to 5 years in a long-term extension (LTE) to the 2 year MOBILE trial. This multicenter, double-blind extension study of monthly ibandronate involved postmenopausal women who had completed 2 years of the MOBILE core study, with ≥75% adherence. Patients were reallocated, or were randomized from daily therapy, to ibandronate 100 mg monthly or 150 mg monthly for a further 3 years. A pooled intent-to-treat (ITT) analysis of 344 patients receiving monthly ibandronate from the core MOBILE baseline showed increases over 5 years in lumbar spine BMD (8.2% with 100 mg and 8.4% with 150 mg). Three-year data relative to MOBILE LTE baseline in the full ITT population of all 698 patients randomized or reallocated from MOBILE (including those previously on daily treatment) showed, on average, maintenance of proximal femur BMD gains achieved in the core 2-year study, with further small gains in lumbar spine BMD. In general, maintenance of efficacy was also indicated by markers of bone metabolism. There were no tolerability concerns or new safety signals. Monthly treatment with ibandronate 100 and 150 mg is effective and well tolerated for up to 5 years in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis.
    Osteoporosis International 09/2011; 23(6):1747-56. · 4.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oral delivery of proteins has been hampered by an array of difficulties. However, promising novel oral delivery systems have been developed. 5-CNAC, formulated with the peptide salmon calcitonin, is in phase III clinical trials for the treatment of osteoporosis or osteoarthritis and could become the first marketed oral peptide. This article reviews key findings and implications from studies undertaken to date with this oral formulation. Findings include these: (1) the optimal calcitonin tablet dose is 0.8 mg; (2) 0.8 mg of oral calcitonin is rapidly absorbed, reaching maximum concentration in 15 to 30 minutes, and is eliminated from plasma with a short half-life-9 to 15 minutes; (3) the 0.8-mg tablet is more highly absorbed than the marketed nasal formulation, with biomarker levels indicating significantly greater efficacy in suppression of bone resorption; (4) drug absorption is increased with dosing at least 10 minutes before a meal rather than postprandially and also with 50 mL of water; (5) the optimal timing of dosing for osteoporosis therapy is in the evening to mitigate the circadian peak in bone resorption; and (6) the oral formulations of synthetic and recombinant calcitonin have similar pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties. These key findings may aid researchers in the development of other oral formulations.
    The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 04/2011; 51(4):460-71. · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Treatment of patients with perioxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ full agonists are associated with weight gain, heart failure, peripheral oedema, and bone loss. However, the safety of partial perioxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ agonists has not been established in a clinical trial. The BALaglitazone glucose Lowering Efficacy Trial aimed to establish the glucose-lowering effects and safety parameters of the perioxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ partial agonist balaglitazone in diabetic patients on stable insulin therapy. Four hundred and nine subjects from three countries with type 2 diabetes on stable insulin therapy were randomized to 26 weeks of double-blind treatment with once daily doses of 10 or 20 mg balaglitazone, 45 mg pioglitazone, or matching placebo (n ≥ 99 in each group). The primary endpoint was the efficacy of balaglitazone 10 and 20 mg versus placebo on the absolute change in haemoglobin A(1c) . Secondary endpoints included levels of fasting serum glucose, and changes in body composition and bone mineral density as measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, in comparison to pioglitazone 45 mg. This study is registered with Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT00515632. In the 10- and 20-mg balaglitazone groups, and in the 45-mg pioglitazone group, significant reductions in haemoglobin A(1c) levels were observed (−0.99, −1.11, and −1.22%, respectively; p < 0.0001) versus placebo. Fasting serum glucose was similarly reduced in all treatment arms. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry analyses showed that, while balaglitazone at 10 mg caused weight gain and fluid retention compared to placebo, the magnitude of these effects was significantly smaller than that of pioglitazone 45 mg and balaglitazone 20mg. Balaglitazone at either dose did not appear to reduce bone mineral density, while Pioglitazone showed a trend towards a reduction. Patients treated with balaglitazone at 10 mg and 20 mg and pioglitazone at 45 mg showed clinically meaningful improvements in glucose levels and HbA(1c) . With the 10 mg dose, the benefits (glucose & HgA(1c) lowering) and untoward effects (fluid and fat accumulation) were less, results that encourage further studies of this drug candidate.
    Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews 02/2011; 27(4):392-401. · 2.97 Impact Factor
  • Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 01/2011; 19. · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study describes two newly developed N-terminal pro-peptides of collagen type I (PINP) competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) for the assessment of corresponding PINP epitopes in the rat- and human species. Monoclonal antibodies were raised against corresponding rat and human PINP sequences and competitive assays were developed for each species. They were evaluated in relevant pre-clinical or clinical studies. The antibody characterizations indicated that PINP indeed was recognized. Technical robust assays were obtained. Rat PINP and tALP showed similar patterns in the gold standard osteoporosis rat ovariectomized (OVX) model. No liver contribution was observed in the liver fibrosis rat bile duct ligation model (BDL). In an osteoporosis study, the human serum PINP levels were significantly decreased after ibandronate treatment compared to placebo. The two corresponding PINP assays were specific and these bone turnover markers may improve translational science for the evaluation for bone-related diseases.
    Clinical biochemistry 10/2010; 43(15):1249-56. · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Osteoarthritis (OA) involves changes in both bone and cartilage. These processes might be associated under some circumstances. This study investigated correlations between bone and cartilage degradation in patients with OA as a function of sex, Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) score, Body Mass Index (BMI), oral salmon calcitonin (sCT) treatment and diurnal variation. This study was a 2-week, double-blind, double-dummy, randomized study including 37 postmenopausal women and 36 men, aged 57-75 years, with painful knee OA, and a KL-score of I - III. Subjects were allocated to one of three treatment arms: 0.6 mg or 0.8 mg oral sCT, or placebo given twice-daily for 14 days. Correlations between gender, KL score, or BMI and the bone resorption marker, serum C-terminal telopeptide of collagen type I (CTX-I), or the cartilage degradation marker, urine C-terminal telopeptide of collagen type II (CTX-II) were investigated. At baseline, biomarkers indicated women with OA experienced higher bone and cartilage degradation than men. CTX-I levels were significantly higher, and CTX-II levels only marginally higher, in women than in men (p = 0.04 and p = 0.06, respectively). Increasing KL score was not correlated with bone resorption, but was significantly associated with the cartilage degradation CTX-II marker in both men and women (p = 0.007). BMI was significantly and negatively correlated to the bone resorption marker CTX-I, r = -0.40 (p = 0.002), but showed only a borderline positive correlation to CTX-II, r = 0.25 (p = 0.12). Before morning treatments on days 1 and 14, no correlation was seen between CTX-I and CTX-II in either the sCT or placebo group. However, oral sCT and food intake induced a clear correlation between these bone and cartilage degradation markers. Four hours after the first sCT dose on treatment days 1 and 14, a significant correlation (r = 0.71, p < 0.001) between changes in both CTX-I and CTX-II was seen. In the placebo group a weakly significant correlation between changes in both markers was found on day 1 (r = 0.49, p = 0.02), but not on day 14. Bone resorption was higher in females than males, while cartilage degradation was correlated with increasing KL-score and only weakly associated with BMI. Bone and cartilage degradation were not correlated in untreated individuals, but dosing with oral sCT with or without food, and a mid-day meal, decreased bone and cartilage degradation and induced a correlation between both markers. Changes in bone and cartilage markers may aid in the identification of potential new treatment opportunities for OA. Clinical trial registration number (EUDRACT2006-005532-24 & NCT00486369).
    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 01/2010; 11:125. · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aims of the study were to investigate interindividual variations in the bioavailability of salmon calcitonin (sCT) following single oral 0.8 mg doses at three different times of the day, and intraindividual variation in sCT bioavailability at each end of a 14-day treatment period. We also investigated correlations between exposure to sCT and levels of the bone resorption biomarker serum C-terminal telopeptide of collagen type I (CTX-I). Participants were from two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies. In study I, healthy postmenopausal women received a single dose of 0.8 mg of oral sCT or placebo at 08:00 (n = 42), 17:00 (n = 20), or at 22:00 (n = 19). In study II, age-matched men or postmenopausal women with osteoarthritis received 0.8 mg oral sCT (n = 26) or placebo (n = 23) twice daily for 14 days, with dosing at 08:00 and 17:00. In both studies, drug exposure was assessed by plasma sCT concentrations, and bone resorption by CTX-I levels. The variability in exposure between patients, measured as coefficient of variation (CV), was as follows: 22% for the morning dose, 30% for the predinner dose, and 34% for the evening dose. In study 1, a high degree of correlation was seen between the level of exposure following a single 0.8 mg dose of sCT and suppression of serum CTX-I, with Pearson correlation coefficients of r = -0.74, -0.96, and -0.78, following doses at 08:00, 17:00, and 22:00, respectively. In study II, exposure to sCT varied widely within the same individuals between dosing days 1 and 14, with weak correlations of r = 0.40 and 0.38 at the dose times 08:00 and 17:00, respectively. As expected from this finding, the intraindividual response in serum CTX-I levels was non-significantly associated on dosing days 1 and 14 (r = 0.34 and r = 0.27 at dose times 08:00 and 17:00, respectively). Increased bioavailability of orally administered 0.8 mg sCT was highly correlated with increased suppression of the bone resorption marker serum CTX-I irrespective of the time of day. However, the high inter- and intraindividual variability in sCT exposure demonstrates the importance of determining the optimum conditions for ensuring the most beneficial sCT uptake.
    European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 10/2009; 66(1):29-37. · 2.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters of oral salmon calcitonin (oSCT) administered over 14 days to men and women presenting with osteoarthritis (OA). The study was a phase-I, 2-week, placebo-controlled, double-blind, double-dummy, randomized, gender-stratified study including 73 subjects aged 57-75 years. Patients had painful OA with a Kellgren and Lawrence index score of I-III. Treatment allocations were; 0.6 mg, 0.8 mg of oSCT, or placebo. Treatment was given twice daily for 14 days. The morning dose was administered between 07:00 and 08:00 at least 30 min before breakfast. The second dose was administered 30 min before evening dinner. On treatment day 1 and 14, the morning dose was followed by 5h of fasting, and blood samples and urine were collected immediately prior to dosing and according to the protocol. Study parameters were: plasma sCT levels, bone resorption by CTX-I (serum C-terminal telopeptide of collagen type I), bone formation by osteocalcin (serum OC), and cartilage degradation by CTX-II (urine C-terminal telopeptide of collagen type II) (clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT00486369). Doses of 0.8 mg compared with 0.6 mg produced significantly higher C(max) and AUC(0-4 hrs), of calcitonin, P=0.03. This resulted in significant reductions in CTX-I and CTX-II, [P<0.0001; P=0.007]. No differences were observed between baseline and follow-up at day 14 in pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters. Gender had no observable influence on results. oSCT given twice daily with a pre-dinner and morning fasting dosing resulted in reductions in markers of bone resorption and cartilage degradation.
    Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 09/2009; 18(2):150-9. · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the influence of food intake on the bioavailability and pharmacodynamic effects of salmon calcitonin (sCT). A single-blind, randomized, partly placebo-controlled study was conducted in 36 healthy postmenopausal female volunteers aged 62-74 years. The influence of food intake on oral dosing with 0.8 mg of sCT at 22.00 h was evaluated for a (i) predose meal at 18.00 h, (ii) predose meal at 20.00 h, (iii) predose meal at 21.00 h, (iv) postdose meal at 22.10 h, (v) no meal, and (vi) meal at 20.00 h and placebo at 22.00 h. Study biomarkers were plasma sCT levels and changes in the bone resorption marker CTX-I (C-terminal telopeptide of collagen type I). The predose meal at 18.00 and 21.00 h significantly decreased relative oral bioavailability of sCT to 26% [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.09, 0.73 and 0.09, 0.75, P= 0.009 and P= 0.01]. The meal consumed 10 min after dosing decreased the oral bioavailability of sCT to 59% (95% CI 0.21, 1.68), although nonsignificant (P= 0.48). This decreased bioavailability led to lower relative suppression of serum CTX-I, with an AUC of the 4-h efficacy response of -91%-x-hours for those receiving a meal at 18.00 h, compared with -238%-x-hours for fasting subjects. The Dunnett-adjusted difference between these two treatment sequences was 147%-x-hours (95% CI 68, 225) (P= 0.0003). The AUC was comparable among fasting subjects and those consuming a meal 10 min after dosing. Postprandial dosing may limit the bioavailability of orally administered sCT. Maximal benefit can be achieved by dosing at least 10 min prior to meal time.
    British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 05/2009; 67(4):413-20. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bone turnover was determined in 125 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Bone Gla protein (BGP) and alkaline phosphatase (AP) were used as markers of bone formation. Fasting urinary calcium relative to creatinine (FU Ca/Cr) and fasting urinary hydroxyproline relative to creatinine (FU Hpr/Cr) were used as markers of bone resorption. These variables were compared to the values of two groups of normal controls in order to elucidate the pathophysiology of the osteopenia occurring in patients with RA. When the patients were divided into groups according to treatment (gold salts, penicillamine, or glucocorticoids), serum AP was highly significantly increased in all three groups, whereas serum BGP was below the normal mean. FU Ca/Cr and FU Hpr/Cr were moderately decreased in the groups treated with gold salts or penicillamine, but increased in the glucocorticoid-treated group. When divided according to sex and menopausal state and glucocorticoid treatment versus non-glucocorticoid treatment, there was a balance between bone formation and bone resorption parameters in all groups, except glucocorticoid-treated men and premenopausal women who had increased values of bone resorption parameters.
    Journal of Internal Medicine 04/2009; 219(2):209 - 213. · 6.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the bioavailability and pharmacodynamic efficacy of synthetic salmon calcitonin (ssCT) and recombinant salmon calcitonin (rsCT) in healthy postmenopausal women. The study was a single-blind, randomized study. Participants were 36 postmenopausal women 62 to 74 years old, randomly assigned to a comparison of dosing with ssCT (n = 12) or rsCT (n = 24) given in the morning at 08:00. Study parameters were plasma CT levels measured up to 2 hours postdose and changes in the bone resorption marker serum CTX-I and the cartilage degradation marker urine CTX-II measured up to 4 hours postdose. For both formulations, peak plasma concentrations were obtained 15 minutes after dosage, and no statistically significant differences in the uptake of CT were observed. Measurement of bone resorption and cartilage degradation markers displayed comparable responses, with AUCs of relative change of serum CTX-I of -250% x hours and relative change of urine CTX-II of -180% x hours during the 4-hour observation period. In conclusion, oral synthetic and recombinant calcitonin displayed comparable pharmacodynamic and kinetic properties.
    The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 03/2009; 49(2):229-34. · 2.84 Impact Factor
  • Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 01/2009; 17. · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bone resorption displays marked diurnal variation. Reversible inhibition of bone resorption may result in best possible efficacy when bone resorption peaks. The aim of the study was to assess the pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) profiles of 0.8 mg of oral salmon calcitonin (sCT) and the effect of timing of drug intake. The study was a randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, placebo-controlled, phase I study to assess the pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) profiles of 0.8 mg of oral sCT in healthy postmenopausal women. Totally 81 subjects were included, aimed at investigation of a morning dose given at 8:00 (n = 42), a pre-dinner dose given at 17:00 (n = 20), and an evening dose given at 22:00 (n = 19). Plasma sCT concentrations and bone resorption (C-terminal-telopeptide of collagen type I (CTX-I)) was assessed. Morning and pre-dinner dosing led to comparable concentration of sCT of 45 pg/ml, whereas there was a tendency towards lower Cmax for the evening dosing having a mean of 24 pg/ml. The maximum difference from placebo was observed 1 to 3 hours post-dose with a 40 to 50% suppression consequent to morning dose, and about 75% suppression after pre-dinner and evening dose, due to the increase bone resorption as a result of circadian variation. The study suggests that orally administered 0.8 mg of salmon calcitonin was effective in suppression of serum CTX irrespective of time of dosing. The pre-dinner dosing resulted in optimum efficacy response corresponding to an overall suppression of bone resorption by 25%.
    BMC Clinical Pharmacology 01/2009; 8:12. · 1.36 Impact Factor
  • Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 01/2009; 17. · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the influence of water intake and dose timing on the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters of an oral formulation of salmon calcitonin (sCT). The study was a randomized, partially-blind, placebo-controlled, single dose, exploratory crossover phase I study. 56 healthy postmenopausal women were randomly assigned to receive five treatments. The treatments comprised a combination of study medication (SMC021 (0.8 mg sCT + 200 mg 5-CNAC), SMC021 placebo, or 200 IU Miacalcic NS nasal spray), water volume given with the tablet (50 or 200 ml water), and time between dosing and meal (10, 30, or 60 minutes pre-meal). Plasma sCT levels and changes in the bone resorption (C-terminal telopeptide of collagen type I) was investigated. Trial regristration. Oral delivery of 0.8 mg of sCT with 50 ml of water compared to that with 200 ml water resulted in a two-fold increase in maximum concentration (Cmax and AUC0-4) of plasma sCT but comparable time to reach maximum concentration (Tmax). The sCT AUC0-4 with 50 ml of water was 4-fold higher than that obtained with nasal calcitonin. The increased absorption of sCT resulted in increased efficacy demonstrated by AUC of the relative change of serum CTX-I measured in the 6 hours post dosing. 0.8 mg sCT with 50 ml of water taken 30 and 60 minutes prior to meal time resulted in optimal pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic parameters. The data suggest that this novel oral formulation may have improved absorption and reduction of bone resorption compared to that of the nasal form.
    BMC Clinical Pharmacology 10/2008; 8:5. · 1.36 Impact Factor
  • Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 01/2008; 16. · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of degenerative joint diseases and a major cause of disability and impaired quality of life in the elderly. Recent observations suggest that calcitonin may act on both osteoclasts and chondrocytes. The present review was sought to summarize emerging observations from the molecular level to the preliminary clinical findings of possible chondroprotective effects of calcitonin. This review summarizes peer-reviewed articles found using pre-defined search criteria and published in the PubMed database before January 2006. In addition, abstracts from the OsteoArthritis Research Society International (OARSI) conferences in the time period 2000-2005 have been included in the search. Ample evidence for the effect of calcitonin on bone resorption was found. Support for direct effects of calcitonin on chondrocytes on matrix synthesis and inhibition of cartilage degradation have been published. In addition, clinical evidence for the effect of calcitonin on cartilage degradation is emerging. Several independent lines of evidence suggest a direct chondroprotective effect of calcitonin in addition to the well-established effect on bone resorption. Given the currently limited availability of chondroprotective agents, much expectation regards the ongoing clinical assessment of calcitonin therapy for the prevention and treatment of OA.
    Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 08/2006; 14(7):617-24. · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Levormeloxifene is a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM). The development of the drug was discontinued due to intolerable adverse effects. This paper follow-up on the adverse events in a group of 234 women that was followed for 12 months without treatment after 12 months of treatment with levormeloxifene. Adverse events were recorded at all clinical visits. The double-layer thickness of the uterine endometrium was determined by transvaginal ultrasonography. Endometrial biopsies were obtained by pipelle. The biopsies taken at the entrance to the follow-up phase were taken under hysteroscopy-guidance. Bone mineral density of the total body, lumbar spine (L1-L4), hip and forearm was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The most prominent adverse event was increased endometrial thickness over the pre-defined threshold of 8 mm. No cases of proliferative endometrium were reported. Following withdrawal of treatment the mean endometrial thickness approached baseline levels in a dose dependent manner. Hysteroscopic examinations showed that levormeloxifene was related to increased incidence of edema, vascularization and cysticity. In the levormeloxifene groups, a total of eight women had utero-vaginal prolapse and five women reported urinary incontinence (including worsening of a previously existing condition). Bone density in the spine and hip approached baseline levels during the 12 months of follow-up without treatment. Endometrial thickening, seen in association with the use of some SERM's, may lead to harmful adverse effects more than 12 months after treatment is initiated. Levormeloxifene prevents the postmenopausal bone loss, but the lowest effective dose is unknown.
    Maturitas 04/2003; 44(3):189-99. · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to compare efficacy and safety of continuous versus intermittent oral dosing of ibandronate. Two hundred forty women aged 55-75 years with postmenopausal osteoporosis were randomized to active treatment or placebo. Similar total doses of ibandronate were provided by treatment regimens with either continuous 2.5 mg of ibandronate daily (n = 81) or intermittent 20 mg of ibandronate every other day for the first 24 days, followed by 9 weeks without active drug (n = 78). The placebo group (total, n = 81) was crossed over after 12 months to receive either continuous (n = 37) or intermittent ibandronate (n = 35). By 24 months, bone mineral density (BMD) had increased significantly relative to baseline in both active treatment groups. The continuous and intermittent groups showed statistically equivalent increases in lumbar spine BMD of +5.64% (+/-0.53) and +5.54% (+/-0.53) and in total hip of +3.35% (+/-0.40) and +3.41% (+/-0.40), respectively (per protocol population). Biochemical markers of bone turnover decreased significantly in both treatment groups. The level of marker suppression was similar, although the intermittent group displayed, as expected, more fluctuation over the treatment period. The frequency of adverse events was similar in the treatment groups. In conclusion, the intermittent and continuous regimens showed equivalent changes in BMD and bone turnover. These results confirm previous preclinical findings indicating that the efficacy of ibandronate depends on the total oral dose given rather than on the dosing schedule. This supports development of new flexible dosing regimens targeted to minimize the frequency of dosing, which are expected to improve convenience and lead to enhanced long-term patient compliance.
    Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 11/2001; 16(10):1871-8. · 6.13 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

4k Citations
579.65 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006–2011
    • Nordic Bioscience
      København, Capital Region, Denmark
  • 1993–2011
    • Center for Clinical and Basic Research
      København, Capital Region, Denmark
  • 2009
    • University of California, San Diego
      • Department of Medicine
      San Diego, CA, United States
  • 1984–2009
    • Glostrup Hospital
      • Department of Paediatrics
      København, Capital Region, Denmark
  • 1995
    • University of Liège
      • Bone and Cartilage Metabolism Unit
      Liège, WAL, Belgium
  • 1987–1990
    • University of Copenhagen
      • Department of Clinical Biochemistry
      Copenhagen, Capital Region, Denmark