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Publications (2)7.85 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The fully glycosylated human omega interferon produced from CHO-SS cells (glycosylated IFN-omega) has been shown to be well-tolerated in man and to induce a sustained virologic response in patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). We examined the antiviral activity of glycosylated IFN-omega and various human IFNs (IFN-alpha, -beta, -gamma and non-glycosylated bacterial (Escherichia coli) recombinant IFN-omega (non-glycosylated IFN-omega)) against HCV RNA replicons and several viruses related to HCV. Since none of the IFNs displayed cytotoxicity we compared their activities based on the effective concentration of the IFN that inhibited virus growth by 50% (EC50). Glycosylated IFN-omega was found to be the most potent antiviral agent of all the IFNs tested against bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), yellow fever virus and West Nile virus. With HCV RNA replicons, non-glycosylated IFN-omega was comparable in activity to IFN-alpha while glycosylated IFN-omega was markedly more potent, indicating that glycosylation has an important effect on its activity. Drug combination analysis of glycosylated IFN-omega+ribavirin (RBV) in BVDV showed a synergy of antiviral effects similar to IFN-alpha+RBV, as well as a unique antagonism of RBV cytotoxic effects by glycosylated IFN-omega. Transcription factor (TF) profiling indicated that IFN-alpha or glycosylated IFN-omega treatment upregulated the same 17 TFs. IFN-alpha and glycosylated IFN-omega also upregulated 9 and 40 additional unique TFs, respectively. The differences in the expression of these TFs were modest, but statistically significantly different for eight of the TFs that were upregulated exclusively by glycosylated IFN-omega. The activation of these additional TFs by glycosylated IFN-omega might contribute to its high potency.
    Antiviral Research 03/2007; 73(2):118-25. · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: GB virus B (GBV-B) is the most closely related virus to the hepatitis C virus (HCV) and is an attractive surrogate model system for HCV drug development efforts. Unfortunately, GBV-B can only be grown in the primary hepatocytes of certain non-human primates. We grew GBV-B in tamarins and marmosets and then used this virus in the absence and presence of lipofection reagents to try to infect 20 different cell lines including human primary hepatocytes and marmoset primary hepatocytes. GBV-B only replicated in marmoset primary hepatocytes. We isolated primary hepatocytes from GBV-B-positive and negative tamarins and marmosets and tried to immortalize the cells using SV40 large T-antigen or cell fusion. GBV-B stable cell lines were constructed in Huh7 and HepG2 cell lines, but there was no evidence for viral replication or a response to antiviral agents in these lines. Infectious full-length GBV-B RNA could be transfected into Vero, Huh7 and HepG2 at high efficiency, however there was no evidence for GBV-B replication or a response to antiviral agents. None of these approaches were successful and an in vitro model of GBV-B replication using immortalized cell lines was not produced. We hypothesize that these immortalized cell lines lack liver-specific factors that are required for GBV-B replication.
    Antiviral Research 07/2005; 66(2-3):165-8. · 3.93 Impact Factor