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Publications (7)23.71 Total impact

  • Bertrand Vivet, Florine Cavelier, Jean Martinez
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    ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 100 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
    ChemInform 01/2010; 31(21).
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    ABSTRACT: The central administration of neurotensin (NT) or of its C-terminal hexapeptide fragment NT(8-13), produces strong analgesic effects in tests evaluating acute pain. The use of NT-derived peptides as pharmaceutical agents to relief severe pain in patients could be of great interest. Unfortunately, peptides do not readily penetrate the blood-brain barrier. We have observed that the cyclic NT(8-13) analogue, c(Lys-Lys-Pro-Tyr-Ile-Leu-Lys-Lys-Pro-Tyr-Ile-Leu) (JMV2012, compound 1), when peripherally administered to mice produced analgesic and hypothermic effects, suggesting the peptide penetrates the blood-brain barrier and functions effectively like a drug. Moreover, dimeric compounds show increased potency compared to their corresponding monomer. We present the synthesis of the cyclic dimer compound 1 (JMV2012). In mice, compound 1 induced a profound hypothermia and a potent analgesia, even when peripherally administered. Compound 1 appears to be an ideal lead compound for the development of bioactive NT analogues as novel analgesics drugs.
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 04/2008; 51(6):1610-6. · 5.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The analogue gamma-(dimethylsila)-proline, denoted silaproline (Sip), was synthesized in both enantiomerically pure forms by diastereoselective alkylation of a chiral glycine equivalent with use of Schöllkopf's bis-lactim ether method. The effect of replacing a proline residue in model peptides by this new proline surrogate has been examined in the crystal state by X-ray diffraction and in solution by IR absorption and NMR techniques. Silaproline and proline-containing sequences exhibit very similar conformational properties. Silaproline was also substituted for proline in a neurotensin (8-13) analogue that retained biological activity and exhibited enhanced resistance to biodegradation.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 04/2002; 124(12):2917-23. · 10.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The silaproline-containing dipeptide N-(3, 3-dimethyl-1-pivaloyl-1-aza-3-sila-5-cyclopentylcarbonyl)-L- alanine isopropylamide, C(17)H(33)N(3)O(3)Si, has two independent molecules in the asymmetric unit and each adopts a beta-II folded conformation, where the amide on the terminal C interacts intramolecularly with the pivaloyl O atom. The five-membered silaproline ring is C(beta)-puckered, an infrequent conformation for the homologous proline ring.
    Acta Crystallographica Section C Crystal Structure Communications 01/2001; 56(Pt 12):1452-4. · 0.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 100 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
    ChemInform 01/2001; 32(13).
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    ABSTRACT: The primary structure of frog neurotensin (fNT) has recently been determined and it has been shown that fNT is a potent stimulator of alpha-MSH secretion by frog pituitary melanotropes. In the present study, we have investigated the effects of fNT on the electrical activity of cultured frog melanotropes by using the patch-clamp technique and we have determined the pharmacological profile of the receptors mediating the effect of fNT. In the cell-attached configuration, fNT (10(-7) M) provoked an increase in the action current discharge followed by an arrest of spike firing. In the gramicidin-perforated patch configuration, fNT (10(-7) M) induced a depolarization accompanied by an increase in action potential frequency and a decrease in membrane resistance. Administration of graded concentrations (10(-10) to 10(-6) M) of fNT or the C-terminal hexapeptide NT(8-13) caused a dose-dependent increase in the frequency of action potentials with EC(50) of 2 x 10(-8) and 5 x 10(-9) M, respectively. The stimulatory effect of fNT was mimicked by various pseudopeptide analogs, with the following order of potency: Boc-[Trp(11)]NT(8-13) > Boc-[D-Trp(11)]NT(8-13) > Boc-[Lys(8,9), Nal(11)]NT(8-13) > Boc-[Psi11,12]NT(8-13). In contrast, the cyclic pseudopeptide analogs of NT(8-13), Lys-Lys-Pro-D-Trp-Ile-Leu and Lys-Lys-Pro-D-Trp-Glu-Leu-OH, did not affect the electrical activity. The NTS1 receptor antagonist and nts2 receptor agonist SR 48692 (10(-5) M) stimulated the spike discharge but did not block the response to fNT. In contrast, SR 142948A (10(-5) M), another NTS1 receptor antagonist and nts2 receptor agonist, inhibited the excitatory effect of fNT. The specific nts2 receptor ligand levocabastine (10(-6) M) had no effect on the basal electrical activity and the response of melanotropes to fNT. In cells which were dialyzed with guanosine-5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate) (10(-4) M), fNT caused an irreversible stimulation of the action potential discharge. Conversely, dialysis of melanotropes with guanosine-5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate) (10(-4) M) completely blocked the effect of fNT. Pretreatment of cells with cholera toxin (1 microg/ml) or pertussis toxin (0.2 microg/ml) did not affect the electrical response to fNT. Intracellular application of the G(o/i/s) protein antagonist GPAnt-1 (3 x 10(-5) M) had no effect on the fNT-evoked stimulation. In contrast, dialysis of melanotropes with the G(q/11) protein antagonist GPAnt-2A (3 x 10(-5) M) abrogated the response to fNT. The present data demonstrate that fNT is a potent stimulator of the electrical activity of frog pituitary melanotropes. These results also reveal that the electrophysiological response evoked by fNT can be accounted for by activation of a G(q/11)-protein-coupled receptor subtype whose pharmacological profile shares similarities with those of mammalian NTS1 and nts2 receptors.
    Neuroendocrinology 12/2000; 72(6):379-91. · 3.54 Impact Factor
  • Bertrand Vivet, Florine Cavelier, Jean Martinez
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    ABSTRACT: The asymmetric synthesis of a new proline surrogate, incorporating the dimethylsilyl group at position 4 of proline using Schöllkopf's bis-lactim ether method, is described.
    Annalen der Chemie und Pharmacie 03/2000; 2000(5):807-811. · 3.10 Impact Factor