[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A list of mosquitoes collected from Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) from May 2002 to August 2004 is presented. A total of 8,945 mosquitoes belonging to 14 genera and 57 species was collected. The genera recorded were Aedes, Anopheles, Armigeres, Coquillettidia, Culex, Diceromyia, Downsiomyia, Fredwardsius, Mansonia, Neomelaniconion, Ochlerotatus, Paraedes, Stegomyia, and Verrallina. Seventeen species are first reports for LAO PDR.
Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 04/2006; 22(1):140-3. DOI:10.2987/8756-971X(2006)22[140:SCOMOA]2.0.CO;2 · 0.95 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Surveys were conducted in malaria-endemic villages in the southern province of Attapeu, Lao PDR during various seasons over a 3-year period. All-night mosquito landing collections, blood surveys and a case-control study were conducted. Plasmodium falciparum was the predominant species, and slide positivity rates were higher during the transition/dry season compared with the wet season. Anopheles dirus A was found to be the primary vector, and sporozoite rates were highest during the transition/dry season. Anopheles dirus was found to be endophagic and endophilic. Not using insecticide-treated bed nets, houses close to breeding sites and sleeping away from home were risk factors associated with malaria.
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 12/2005; 99(11):833-9. DOI:10.1016/j.trstmh.2005.06.012 · 1.84 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Unidentified mermithid nematodes were found in the abdominal cavity of three species of Anopheles mosquitoes from LAO PDR. This is a first record of mermithid nematodes in adult mosquitoes from Lao PDR. Two worms were found in each adult host and the infection was more prevalent in the northern region compared to the south.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This note reports an unusual case of a high number of oocysts found by dissecting the midgut of Anopheles dirus Peyton & Harrison from Laos, where dissections have not been carried out for many decades. In dissected samples, the number of oocysts ranged from 1 to 250 and tests carried out on the heads and thoraces of A. dirus using the ELISA method were positive for Plasmodium falciparum.
International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 02/2005; 25(01):59 - 61. DOI:10.1079/IJT200554 · 0.42 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A study was carried out in four malaria-endemic villages in Attapeu Province, in the southern region of Lao PDR. All-night human landing collections were carried out in May, August, and October 2002, to determine malaria vectors. At the same time, mass blood surveys were also carried out in the same villages. Anopheles dirus was the predominant species in three of the study villages. Sporozoites were found only in An. drius from Phou Hom. However, in Beng Phoukham, An. dirus was positive for oocysts. The distribution of malaria cases was highest in Phou Hom and this correlated well with the vectorial capacity of An. dirus. The risk for infection from An. dirus was also high, at 0.99.
The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health 07/2004; 35(2):309-15. · 0.72 Impact Factor