Birgit R. B. Schulze

Universität Heidelberg, Heidelburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

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Publications (3)10.98 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Cryptic subtelomeric chromosome rearrangements are a major cause of mild to severe mental retardation pointing out the necessity of sensitive screening techniques to detect such aberrations among affected patients. In this prospective study a group of 30 patients with unexplained developmental retardation and dysmorphic features or congenital abnormalities were analysed using the recently published multiplex FISH telomere (M-TEL) integrity assay in combination with conventional G-banding analysis. The patients were selected by one or more of the following criteria defined by de Vries et al.: (a) family history with two or more affected individuals, (b) prenatal onset growth retardation, (c) postnatal growth abnormalities, (d) facial dysmorphic features, (e) non-facial dysmorphism and congenital abnormalities. In addition, we included two patients who met these criteria and revealed questionable chromosome regions requiring further clarification. In four patients (13.3%) cryptic chromosome aberrations were successfully determined by the M-TEL integrity assay and in two patients with abnormal chromosome regions intrachromosomal aberrations were characterized by targetted FISH experiments. Our results accentuate the requirement of strict selection criteria prior to patient testing with the M-TEL integrity assay. Another essential precondition is high-quality banding analysis to identify structural abnormal chromosomes. The detection of familial balanced translocation carriers in 50% of the cases emphasizes the significance of such an integrated approach for genetic counselling and prenatal diagnosis.
    Human Genetics 08/2002; 111(1):31-9. DOI:10.1007/s00439-002-0739-x · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The generic term median facial dysplasia (MFD) describes a subgroup of patients with cleft lip and palate exhibiting characteristic craniofacial defects: (1) short prolabium, (2) absence of frenulum labii, (3) hypoplasia of premaxilla, (4) absent upper central and lateral incisors of the cleft side, and (5) deficient septal cartilage and nasal spine. Gross brain malformations are usually absent in MFD. The same craniofacial malformations are also described in patients with holoprosencephaly sequence (HPE-S). We report on two male patients with bilateral cleft lip and palate showing the facial findings of MFD or HPE-S. Additional congenital malformations were anal atresia in one patient and severe cardiac defect in the other. In both, HPE was excluded by brain imaging, although uncommon brain anomalies were detected consisting of multiple white-matter lesions in the one patient and unusual enlargement and tortuosity of intracerebral blood vessels in both patients. In addition to facial anomalies, the patients also had psychiatric problems typically seen in velo-cardio-facial syndrome (VCFS). Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis confirmed a 22q11.2 microdeletion in both.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics 04/2001; 99(4):280-5. DOI:10.1002/ajmg.1178 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oculo-facio-cardio-dental syndrome is a very rare condition. So far, only nine cases have been documented. We report on three additional female patients representing the same entity. The clinical findings were: congenital cataract, microphthalmia/microcornea, secondary glaucoma, vision impairment, ptosis, long narrow face, high nasal bridge, broad nasal tip with separated cartilages, long philtrum, cleft palate, atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, and skeletal anomalies. The following dental abnormalities were found: radiculomegaly, delayed dentition, oligodontia, root dilacerations (extension), and malocclusion. For the first time, fusion of teeth and hyperdontia of permanent upper teeth were seen. In addition, structural and morphological dental changes were noted. These findings expand the clinical spectrum of the syndrome.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics 03/1999; 82(5):429-35. DOI:10.1002/(SICI)1096-8628(19990219)82:53.0.CO;2-S · 3.23 Impact Factor