B Kremke

Universität zu Lübeck, Lübeck Hansestadt, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany

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Publications (5)49.18 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets with hypercalciuria (HHRH) is caused by mutations in SLC34A3, the gene encoding the renal sodium-phosphate co-transporter NaPi-IIc. Despite increased urinary calcium excretion, HHRH is typically not associated with kidney stones prior to treatment. However, here we describe two sisters, who displayed nephrolithiasis or nephrocalcinosis upon presentation. The index patient, II-4, presented with short stature, bone pain, and knee X-rays suggestive of mild rickets at age 8.5 years. Laboratory evaluation showed hypophosphatemia, elevated 1,25(OH) (2) vitamin D levels, and hypercalciuria, later also developing vitamin D deficiency. Her sister, II-6, had a low normal serum phosphorous level, biochemically vitamin D deficiency and no evidence for osteomalacia, but had undergone left nephro-ureterectomy at age 17 because of ureteral stricture secondary to renal calculi. Nucleotide sequence analysis of DNA from II-4 and II-6 revealed a homozygous missense mutation c.586G>A (p.G196R) in SLC34A3/NaPi-IIc. Ultrasonographic examinations prior to treatment showed grade I nephrocalcinosis for II-4, while II-6 had grade I-II nephrocalcinosis in her remaining kidney. Four siblings and the mother were heterozygous carriers of the mutation, but showed no biochemical abnormalities. With oral phosphate supplements, hypophosphatemia and hypercalciuria improved in both homozygous individuals. Renal calcifications that are presumably due to increased urinary calcium excretion can be the presenting finding in homozygous carriers of G196R in SLC34A3/NaPi-IIc, and some or all laboratory features of HHRH may be masked by vitamin D deficiency.
    Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes 02/2009; 117(2):49-56. · 1.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mutations in the KCNJ11 gene encoding the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium channel (K(ATP)) subunit Kir6.2 are the most frequent cause of diabetes in infancy. Sulfonylurea (SU) treatment restores insulin secretion in patients with KCNJ11 mutations. We report a 9-year-old boy who presented at the age of three months with diabetic ketoacidosis. Results Sequencing of the KCNJ11 gene revealed an R201H mutation. Therefore, he was transferred from insulin to oral SU therapy. He required a high-threshold dose before insulin could be discontinued. After transition, a subsequent dose reduction was necessary to avoid hypoglycemia. Improved sustained metabolic control without complications was achieved on a low SU maintenance dose twice daily over 36 months. SU therapy is safe for patients with diabetes due to KCNJ11 mutations. The mechanism of a threshold dose and the twice-daily requirement needs further attention.
    European Journal of Pediatrics 07/2008; 168(3):359-61. · 1.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abnormal human spermatogenesis is caused by a variety of genetic and acquired conditions. Because spermatogenesis is dependent on androgens, some males may have a minimal form of androgen insensitivity that does not inhibit virilization but impairs fertility. This has lead us to investigate the possibility of abnormalities in the androgen receptor (AR) gene in a large cohort of males suffering from infertility of unknown cause. We studied 180 males with variable impairment of spermatogenesis. In all patients, serum levels of testosterone and gonadotropins were analyzed to define an androgen sensitivity index (ASI). Single-strand conformation analysis and direct DNA sequencing of PCR-amplified blood leukocyte DNA were used to identify mutations within the whole coding region of the AR-gene. Endocrine and molecular investigations were compared with 53 normal males with proven fertility. In three infertile males, mutations in the AR were identified. Two unrelated males had the same variation within the first exon encoding for the transactivation domain of the receptor (Pro390Ser), whereas, in the third, a mutation in the hormone-binding region was characterized (Gln798Glu). All identified mutation carriers had a significantly elevated ASI. A proportion of males with idiopathic infertility carry relevant variations within the AR-gene. These males may be distinguished on the basis of hormone levels, calculating the ASI, although this index lacks specificity.
    Journal of Clinical Endocrinology &amp Metabolism 09/2000; 85(8):2810-5. · 6.43 Impact Factor
  • The Lancet 12/1999; 354(9193):1907-8. · 39.21 Impact Factor
  • Britta. Kremke
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    ABSTRACT: Lübeck, Med. Univ., Diss., 2001.