[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We studied whether the serotypes of Mycobacterium avium-Mycobacterium intracellulare complex (MAC) isolates determine the prognosis for pulmonary MAC disease. We prospectively monitored a cohort of 68 patients with pulmonary MAC disease for whom the serotype-specific glycopeptidolipids in isolates were identified using thin-layer chromatography and fast atom bombardment mass-spectrometry in 1990 and 1995. Serovar 4 Mycobacterium avium was detected in 40/68 patients (58.8%). Other serotypes were serotypes 1 (five cases), 6 (three cases), 8 (seven cases), 9 (three cases), 14 (four cases), and 16 (six cases). Patients with serovar 4 were significantly (P < 0.01) younger (63.0 +/- 9.8 years) than patients with other serotypes (71.8 +/- 10.3). Patients who failed treatment had a significantly poorer prognosis than other patients. There were no cases of MAC-related death in the cured group. Chest radiographic findings progressively worsened in 36 (90%) of patients with serotype 4, and 14/36 died from respiratory failure caused by pulmonary Mycobacterium avium disease. The patients with serotype 4 had a significantly poorer prognosis than patients with other serotypes. These results show that both the outcome of chemotherapy and the serotypes of MAC isolates are important for assessing the prognosis of pulmonary MAC disease.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology 07/2005; 43(7):3150-8. · 4.07 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have prospectively analyzed three antigens for serodiagnosis of tuberculosis (TB). These antigens were tuberculous glycolipid antigen, lypoarabinomannan polysaccharide antigen, and antigen 60 (A60), which was derived from purified protein derivatives. Of the 131 patients with active pulmonary TB, 57 were both smear and culture negative and 14 had chronic active pulmonary TB that remained smear positive for >12 months of chemotherapy. One hundred twenty healthy adults were controls. The percentages of patients positive in all three tests were 58.8% for smear-positive active pulmonary TB and 71.4% for chronic active pulmonary TB. When the results of the three serodiagnostic tests were evaluated in combination, the sensitivity increased to 91.5% in patients with active pulmonary TB and to 86.0% in smear- and culture-negative patients. The false-positive rate of the three-test combination was 12.5% in the healthy control groups. In conclusion, it was not possible to detect all of the antibodies against antigenic substances in the cell walls of the tuberculous bacilli in the sera of all TB patients by using available serodiagnostic tests. However, the combined use of tests with three separate antigens maximizes the effectiveness of serodiagnosis.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology 03/2004; 42(3):1136-41. · 4.07 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to evaluate exercise limiting factors using cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), and to investigate whether these parameters are related to survival after CPET. We evaluated 41 patients with IPF (mean 68.2 years, 27 male) who performed CPET. The exercise capacity in patients with IPF was limited more strongly by gas exchange and/or ventilatory impairments, compared with cardiac impairment. Using univariate analysis, the severity of exercise-induced hypoxemia (EIH) evaluated by deltaPaO2/deltaVO2 (PaO2-slope), oxygen uptake at maximum exercise, oxygen pulse at maximum exercise, ventilatory equivalent for carbon dioxide at maximum exercise and age were significantly related to the survival rate. Interestingly, the PaO2-slope was most closely correlated with the survival rate using multiple analysis with a stepwise evaluation. Nevertheless, PaO2 at rest and at maximum exercise were not factors influencing survival. In patients with IPF, CPET can simultaneously evaluate the ability of both the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, and should be available so that parameters can be derived to make the necessary prognostic estimations, with the most useful parameter being the degree of EIH as represented by the PaO2-slope.
Respiratory Medicine 06/2003; 97(5):482-90. · 2.59 Impact Factor