ABSTRACT: Sclerosing mucoepidermoid carcinoma (SMEC) is an extremely rare variant of mucoepidermoid carcinoma with unique histologic features. To the best of our knowledge, only 14 cases of salivary gland SMEC have been previously reported in the English-language literature since it was discovered in 1987. We report a new case of salivary gland SMEC, and we review the literature. Because of SMEC's distinctive histologic features and rarity, its diagnosis can be difficult. Moreover, no clear treatment strategy has emerged with regard to adjuvant postoperative radiotherapy. We attempt to elucidate a natural course of this disease, and we propose a conservative approach to postoperative management.
Ear, nose, & throat journal 12/2010; 89(12):600-3. · 0.66 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To determine whether preoperative variables can be used to predict malignancy for thyroid nodules with follicular, Hürthle, or nondiagnostic cytology on fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB).
Retrospective analysis of 77 consecutive patients selected for total or subtotal thyroidectomy for follicular, Hürthle, or nondiagnostic lesions of the thyroid in two university hospitals. Eleven clinical variables, as well as nodule size, multiplicity, and ultrasound calcifications, were correlated with final histopathologic diagnosis of benign or malignant disease. Analysis was preformed using the Pearson chi-square test.
The overall rate of malignancy in our series was 61% (n = 47). FNABs classified as follicular or Hürthle lesions without cellular atypia had a significantly lower risk of malignancy (49% vs 71%; p = .05). Patients who presented with a solitary nodule and FNAB cellular atypia displayed an increased risk of malignancy (92% vs 55%; p = .011). The rate of malignancy was higher for patients with a positive family history (100% vs 59%), a solitary nodule (73% vs 53%), cellular atypia (76% vs 54%), or intrathyroidal calcifications on ultrasonography (71% vs 57%), although none were found to be statistically significant (p > .05). Male gender, age > 45 years, nodule size > 3 cm, mass effect symptoms, and radiation exposure to the neck were not associated with malignancy in our series.
When presented with follicular, Hürthle, or nondiagnostic biopsies for thyroid nodules, thyroid surgeons should rely systematically on sonographic findings and cytopathologic features to guide their management approach.
Journal of otolaryngology - head & neck surgery = Le Journal d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de chirurgie cervico-faciale 06/2009; 38(3):395-400. · 0.71 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: 1) Review the incidence of thyroid gland invasion by squamous cell laryngeal carcinoma reported in the literature. 2) Assess the association between thyroid gland invasion and anatomical characteristics of the laryngeal tumor.
MEDLINE (1967-2007) and EMBASE (1980-2007). These databases were supplemented with 61 patients from McGill University who underwent total laryngectomy with hemi- or total thyroidectomy from 2001-2006.
Systematic review for series of laryngeal carcinoma that commented on thyroid gland invasion according to tumor subsite and pathological characteristics. Total laryngectomy specimens for primary laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma with concomitant thyroid resection were included in the analysis.
In total, eight series (n = 399) were included in the meta-analysis. Thyroid gland invasion was present in 33 laryngectomy specimens (8%); the principal method of invasion of the gland was by direct extralaryngeal extension. Subglottic extension > 10 mm (OR 7.22 [2.05 to 25.46]; P = 0.002), transglottic tumors (OR 3.23 [1.16 to 9.00]; P = 0.025), and subglottic subsite (OR 5.66 [1.34 to 23.87]; P = 0.018) were all significantly associated with thyroid gland invasion. Cartilaginous invasion by tumor was not a significant predictor of thyroid gland invasion (P > 0.05).
Thyroid gland invasion is not a general feature of squamous cell laryngeal carcinoma. When present, it is strongly associated with anteroinferior spread of advanced laryngeal tumors. Thyroidectomy may only be required during total laryngectomy for transglottic tumors, subglottic tumors, and tumors with subglottic extension >10 mm.
Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 03/2009; 140(3):298-305. · 1.72 Impact Factor