[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A multi-centre study to assess the value of combined surgical resection and radiotherapy for the treatment of desmoid tumours.
One hundred and ten patients from several European countries qualified for this study. Pathology slides of all patients were reviewed by an independent pathologist. Sixty-eight patients received post-operative radiotherapy and 42 surgery only. Median follow-up was 6 years (1 to 44). The progression-free survival time (PFS) and prognostic factors were analysed.
The combined treatment with radiotherapy showed a significantly longer progression-free survival than surgical resection alone (p smaller than 0.001). Extremities could be preserved in all patients treated with combined surgery and radiotherapy for tumours located in the limb, whereas amputation was necessary for 23% of patients treated with surgery alone. A comparison of PFS for tumour locations proved the abdominal wall to be a positive prognostic factor and a localization in the extremities to be a negative prognostic factor. Additional irradiation, a fraction size larger than or equal to 2 Gy and a total dose larger than 50 Gy to the tumour were found to be positive prognostic factors with a significantly lower risk for a recurrence in the univariate analysis. This analysis revealed radiotherapy at recurrence as a significantly worse prognostic factor compared with adjuvant radiotherapy. The addition of radiotherapy to the treatment concept was a positive prognostic factor in the multivariate analysis.
Postoperative radiotherapy significantly improved the PFS compared to surgery alone. Therefore it should always be considered after a non-radical tumour resection and should be given preferably in an adjuvant setting. It is effective in limb preservation and for preserving the function of joints in situations where surgery alone would result in deficits, which is especially important in young patients.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Guided by a long-term retrospective observation, the clinical course and treatment of Langerhans'-cell histiocytosis (LCH) in adult patients are represented. The series included 19 patients meeting the histopathologic criteria of presumptive LCH who were followed for 1.5-20 years (average 7.7 years). Most frequently, skeletal lesions (16 patients), diffuse interstitial lung infiltrates (seven patients), and pituitary gland involvement with diabetes insipidus (four patients) were present. Bone lesions of the skull and axial skeleton were associated with an infiltration of adjacent soft tissues in 10 of 16 patients. Liver, lymph node, and bone marrow involvement appeared sporadically. LCH was divided into localized or multifocal form. Localized disease took a benign course with remission of bone (n = 4) or lymph node lesions (n = 2). Also, in isolated pulmonary LCH (n = 2), spontaneous transition to inactive disease occurred. With the exception of isolated bone lesions (n = 27), which remained asymptomatic or showed a remission to treatment, multifocal LCH had a more aggressive course. Osseous lesions with adjacent soft tissue infiltration (n = 20) showed a relapse rate in excess of 80% independent of the treatment applied. Pulmonary involvement led to a more marked functional impairment compared to the isolated form, and systemic treatment yielded no convincing effect. In three patients with liver or bone marrow involvement, LCH showed a persistent, serious disease activity. One patient died of transition into acute monomyelocytic leukemia 18 months after diagnosis without preceding chemotherapy. In adults, LCH seems to be limited to a few organ systems. Multifocal LCH represents the more aggressive form with unfavorable prognosis in patients with bone lesions spreading into the adjacent soft tissue and liver or bone marrow involvement.
Medical and Pediatric Oncology 02/1997; 28(1):9-14.