A Hoefnagels-Schuermans

Universitair Ziekenhuis Leuven, Louvain, Flanders, Belgium

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Publications (6)19.32 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A cross-sectional study of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carriage in 2,857 nursing home residents showed an overall prevalence of 4.9%. The three clones identified by genetic analysis were identical to those in the acute care facilities; only their relative prevalence differed. Clone 2 took epidemic proportions in five of these nursing homes.
    Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 10/2002; 23(9):546-9. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus represents a risk factor for subsequent invasive infections and interpatient transmission of strains. No physiological in vitro model of nasal epithelial cells is available to study both patient- and bacteria-related characteristics and their interaction, leading to adherence and colonization. Starting with tissues from human nasal polyps, a confluent, squamous, nonkeratinized epithelium in collagen-coated 96-well microtiter plates was obtained after 14 d. This in vitro cell-layer was characterized histologically, ultrastructurally, and immunohistochemically and showed features that were indistinguishable from those observed in the squamous nonkeratinized epithelium found in the posterior part of the vestibulum nasi. Adherence experiments were performed with four different 3H-thymidine-labeled Staphylococcus aureus strains. The effect of bacterial inoculum size, temperature of incubation, and incubation medium were studied. The adherence results were found to be reproducible, reliable and sensitive, allowing detection of small quantitative differences in adherence between the Staphylococcus aureus strains. There was no significant difference in adherence at 23 degrees C and 37 degrees C, nor between the incubation medium M199 and phosphate-buffered saline. Plastic adherence could be reduced and standardized with use of siliconized tips and a constant bacterial inoculum volume of 100 microl/well. This physiological and reliable in vitro cell-culture model offers a unique opportunity to study Staphylococcus aureus adherence to squamous, nonkeratinized nasal epithelial cells and both patient and bacterial characteristics involved in this interaction.
    In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal 10/1999; 35(8):472-80. · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    J van Eldere, P Janssen, A Hoefnagels-Schuermans, S van Lierde, W E Peetermans
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    ABSTRACT: Forty-eight pneumococci were genotyped by on-line laser fluorescence amplified-fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) analysis of chromosomal restriction fragments. Overall, the data generated by the two methods corresponded well. However, with AFLP, clusters were delineated at a higher similarity level, and isolate differentiation was more pronounced. AFLP and PFGE were equally efficient for assessing intraserotype diversity. We conclude that AFLP is a useful alternative to PFGE.
    Journal of Clinical Microbiology 07/1999; 37(6):2053-7. · 4.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In 1994 a sudden increase in penicillin resistance was observed in Belgium among invasive pneumococci. To determine whether this increase was due to clonal spread of a resistant strain or to de novo acquisition of penicillin resistance, pneumococci of capsular types 23F, 19, 14, 9, and 6 isolated in 1993 and 1994, were analyzed by capsular serotyping and DNA macrorestriction analysis, resolved by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Furthermore, pneumococcal isolates from northern France, a region with a high prevalence of penicillin resistance, and from southern Belgium, a region with a low but increasing prevalence of penicillin resistance, were analyzed. The rate of resistance of invasive pneumococci to penicillin increased from 2.3% in 1993 to 7.6% in 1994. Pneumococcal serotype 23F represented 26.7% of the penicillin-resistant isolates in 1993 and 40.4% in 1994, while the prevalence of serotype 23F decreased from 10.9% in 1993 to 8.8% in 1994. In 1994 up to 35.8% of serotype 23F isolates were penicillin resistant. The Belgian penicillin-resistant 23F isolates from 1994 were genetically closely related to the French 23F penicillin-resistant isolates and, as clones were clearly distinct from the other serotypes as well as from the penicillin-susceptible 23F isolates. These data demonstrate the important contribution of the clonal spread of a penicillin-resistant pneumococcal strain in the overall increase of penicillin resistance in our country.
    European Journal of Clinical Microbiology 03/1999; 18(2):120-5. · 3.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Forty-three methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates with known genetic and epidemiological relatedness and different degrees of transmission were analyzed by antibiotyping, protein A gene polymorphism analysis, and coagulase gene polymorphism analysis. The three typing systems were evaluated for their performance and convenience to define clones and to discriminate between epidemic MRSA (EMRSA) and sporadic MRSA (SMRSA). Antibiotyping and AluI restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the coagulase gene were able to define clones in the same way as DNA macrorestriction analysis (SmaI). However, both techniques presented disadvantages, making neither of them useful as a single typing method. Protein A gene polymorphism analysis appeared to be of no value for clonal analysis. None of the three typing methods was able to differentiate between EMRSA and SMRSA.
    Journal of Clinical Microbiology 11/1997; 35(10):2514-20. · 4.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Imported vs. hospital-acquisition of MRSA was assessed in > 6000 patients at a large tertiary care teaching hospital. About five percent (5.1%) of patients carried MRSA on admission, mostly without clinical symptoms; the highest percentage (11.6%) being in geriatric patients. Hospital-acquisition of MRSA occurred in 1.7% of patients and was particularly high in intensive-care units (5.2%). Phenotype and genotype analysis of 158 MRSA strains isolated from 61 patients revealed a cluster of closely related strains in the hospital-acquired MRSA infections and the close relationship of this cluster to the regional epidemic MRSA strain. The MRSA strains imported by geriatric patients were genetically different, did not spread between geriatric patients and were only a minor source of nosocomial infection.
    Journal of Hospital Infection 07/1997; 36(3):209-22. · 2.86 Impact Factor