[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Embryologic and genetic evidence suggest a common origin of haematopoietic and endothelial lineages. In the murine embryo, recent studies indicate the presence of haemogenic endothelium and of a common haemato-endothelial precursor, the haemangioblast. Conversely, so far, little evidence supports the presence of haemogenic endothelium and haemangioblasts in later stages of development. Our studies indicate that human cord blood haematopoietic progenitors (CD34+45+144-), triggered by murine hepatocyte conditioned medium, differentiate into adherent proliferating endothelial precursors (CD144+CD105+CD146+CD31+CD45-) capable of functioning as haemogenic endothelium. These cells, proven to give rise to functional vasculature in vivo, if further instructed by haematopoietic growth factors, first switch to transitional CD144+45+ cells and then to haematopoietic cells. These results highlight the plasticity of haemato-endhothelial precursors in human post-natal life. Furthermore, these studies may provide highly enriched populations of human post-fetal haemogenic endothelium, paving the way for innovative projects at a basic and possibly clinical level.
PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(12):e51109. · 3.73 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although ongoing clinical trials utilize systemic administration of bone-marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) in Crohn's disease (CD), nothing is known about the presence and the function of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in the normal human bowel. MSCs are bone marrow (BM) multipotent cells supporting hematopoiesis with the potential to differentiate into multiple skeletal phenotypes. A recently identified new marker, CD146, allowing to prospectively isolate MSCs from BM, renders also possible their identification in different tissues. In order to elucidate the presence and functional role of MSCs in human bowel we analyzed normal adult colon sections and isolated MSCs from them. In colon (C) sections, resident MSCs form a net enveloping crypts in lamina propria, coinciding with structural myofibroblasts or interstitial stromal cells. Nine sub-clonal CD146(+) MSC lines were derived and characterized from colon biopsies, in addition to MSC lines from five other human tissues. In spite of a phenotype qualitative identity between the BM- and C-MSC populations, they were discriminated and categorized. Similarities between C-MSC and BM-MSCs are represented by: Osteogenic differentiation, hematopoietic supporting activity, immune-modulation, and surface-antigen qualitative expression. The differences between these populations are: C-MSCs mean intensity expression is lower for CD13, CD29, and CD49c surface-antigens, proliferative rate faster, life-span shorter, chondrogenic differentiation rare, and adipogenic differentiation completely blocked. Briefly, BM-MSCs, deserve the rank of progenitors, whereas C-MSCs belong to the restricted precursor hierarchy. The presence and functional role of MSCs in human colon provide a rationale for BM-MSC replacement therapy in CD, where resident bowel MSCs might be exhausted or diverted from their physiological functions.
Journal of Cellular Physiology 12/2011; 227(9):3291-300. · 4.22 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although the triterpene CDDO and its potent derivatives, CDDO-Im and CDDO-Me, are now in phase I/II studies in the treatment of some pathological conditions, their effects on normal hematopoiesis are not known. In the present study we provide evidence that CDDO-Im exerts in vitro a potent inhibitory effect on erythroid cell proliferation and survival and a stimulatory action on megakaryocytic differentiation. The effect of CDDO-Im on erythroid and megakaryocytic differentiation was evaluated both on normal hemopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) induced to selective erythroid (E) or megakaryocytic (Mk) differentiation and on erythroleukemic cell lines HEL and TF1. The inhibitory effect of CDDO-Im on erythroid cell survival and proliferation is mainly related to a reduced GATA-1 expression. This conclusion is supported by the observation that GATA-1 overexpressing TF1 cells are partially protected from the inhibitory effect of CDDO-Im on cell proliferation and survival. The stimulatory effect of CDDO-Im on normal megakaryopoiesis is seemingly related to upmodulation of GATA2 expression and induction of mitogen-activated protein kinases ERK1/2.
Leukemia research 10/2010; 35(4):534-44. · 2.36 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The cellular response to methylation DNA damage was compared in multipotent CD34(+) hematopoietic stem cells and mature CD34(-) cells isolated from cord blood of the same donor. Cytofluorimetric analysis of freshly isolated cord blood cells indicated that both cell types were in the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle. Quantitative RT-PCR identified a general trend towards high expression of several DNA repair genes in CD34(+) cells compared to their terminally differentiated CD34(-) counterparts. The overexpressed genes included members of the mismatch repair (MMR) (MSH2, MSH6, MLH1, PMS2), base excision repair (AAG, APEX), DNA damage reversal (O(6)-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase) (MGMT), and DNA double strand breaks repair pathways. These differences in gene expression were not apparent in CD34(+) and CD34(-) cells obtained following expansion of CD34(+) cells in a medium containing early acting cytokines. Early progenitor CD34(+) and early precursor CD34(-) cells form the two populations isolated under these experimental conditions, and both contain a significant proportion of cycling cells. The methylating agent N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) induced similar levels of apoptosis in these cycling CD34(+) and CD34(-) cells. Cytotoxicity required the presence of the MGMT inhibitor O(6)-benzylguanine and the timing of MNU cell death (48 and 72h) was similar in CD34(+) and CD34(-) cells. These data indicate that cycling CD34(+) and CD34(-) cells are equally sensitive to methylation damage. MGMT provides significant protection against MNU toxicity and MGMT and MMR play the expected roles in the MNU sensitivity of these cells.
DNA Repair 09/2007; 6(8):1170-8. · 4.27 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hematopoietic progenitor cell transplantation can contribute to revascularization of ischemic tissues. Yet, the optimal cell population to be transplanted has yet to be determined. We have compared the therapeutic potential of two subsets of human cord blood CD34+ progenitors, either expressing the VEGF-A receptor 2 (KDR) or not. In serum-free starvation culture, CD34+KDR+ cells reportedly showed greater resistance to apoptosis and ability to release VEGF-A, as compared with CD34+KDR- cells. When injected into the hind muscles in immunodeficient SCIDbg mice subjected to unilateral ischemia, a low number (10(3)) of CD34+KDR+ cells improved limb salvage and hemodynamic recovery better than a larger dosage (10(4)) of CD34+KDR- cells. The neovascularization induced by KDR+ cells was significantly superior to that promoted by KDR- cells. Similarly, endothelial cell apoptosis and interstitial fibrosis were significantly attenuated by KDR+ cells, which differentiated into mature human endothelial cells and also apparently skeletal muscle cells. This study demonstrates that a low number of CD34+KDR+ cells favors reparative neovascularization and possibly myogenesis in limb ischemia, suggesting the potential use of this cell population in regenerative medicine.
The FASEB Journal 12/2004; 18(14):1737-9. · 5.70 Impact Factor