[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A significant body of evidence suggests that treatment with naturally occurring CD4(+)CD25(+) T regulatory cells (Tregs) is an appropriate therapy for graft-versus-host disease (GvHD). GvHD is a major complication of bone marrow transplantation in which the transplanted immune system recognizes recipient tissues as a non-self and destroys them. In many cases, this condition significantly deteriorates the quality of life of the affected patients. It is also one of the most important causes of death after bone marrow transplantation. Tregs constitute a population responsible for dominant tolerance to self-tissues in the immune system. These cells prevent autoimmune and allergic reactions and decrease the risk of rejection of allotransplants. For these reasons, Tregs are considered as a cellular drug in GvHD. The results of the first clinical trials with these cells are already available. In this review we present important experimental facts which led to the clinical use of Tregs. We then critically evaluate specific requirements for Treg therapy in GvHD and therapies with Tregs currently under clinical investigation, including our experience and future perspectives on this kind of cellular treatment.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which pancreatic islets are destroyed by self-reactive T cells. The process is facilitated by deficits in the number and suppressive activity of regulatory T cells (Tregs). Here, we show for the first time that the infusion of autologous Tregs prolongs remission in recently diagnosed type 1 diabetes in children.
We have administered Tregs in 10 type 1 diabetic children (aged 8-16 years) within 2 months since diagnosis. In total, 4 patients received 10 × 10(6) Tregs/kg body wt, and the remaining 6 patients received 20 × 10(6) Tregs/kg body wt. The preparation consisted of sorted autologous CD3(+)CD4(+)CD25(high)CD127(-) Tregs expanded under good manufacturing practice conditions.
No toxicity of the therapy was noted. A significant increase in the percentage of Tregs in the peripheral blood has been observed since the day of infusion. These patients were followed along with matched type 1 diabetic patients not treated with Tregs. Half a year after type 1 diabetes onset (4-5 months after Tregs infusion), 8 patients treated with Tregs still required <0.5 UI/kg body wt of insulin daily, with 2 patients out of insulin completely, whereas the remission was over in the nontreated group. In addition, plasma C-peptide levels were significantly higher in the treated group as compared with those not treated.
This study shows that the administration of Tregs is safe and tolerable in children with recent-onset type 1 diabetes.
Diabetes care 06/2012; 35(9):1817-20. · 7.74 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Here, we describe a procedure and first-in-man clinical effects of adoptive transfer of ex vivo expanded CD4+CD25+CD127- T regulatory cells (Tregs) in the treatment of graft versus host disease (GvHD). The cells were sorted from buffy coats taken from two family donors, expanded ex vivo and transferred to respective recipients who suffered from either acute or chronic GvHD. The therapy allowed for significant alleviation of the symptoms and reduction of pharmacologic immunosuppression in the case of chronic GvHD, while in the case of grade IV acute GvHD it only transiently improved the condition, for the longest time within all immunosuppressants used nonetheless.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There are reports suggesting an influence of CD4(+)CD25(+) T regulatory cells (Treg) on cytotoxic lymphocytes. The aim of the study was to evaluate such an influence. Cytotoxic activity was examined in the cultures of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) as well as in the cultures of separate T CD8(+) or NK cells mixed with Treg and other subpopulations of PBMC. We found that the production of IFNgamma, perforin and cytotoxic activity of T CD8(+) or NK cells were decreased in the presence of Treg, however, the percentage of conjugates formed by cytotoxic cells with target cells during cytotoxic reaction was decreased only in the cultures of T CD8(+) cells. Inhibition of the cytotoxic reactions in the presence of Treg cells was found to be associated with the generation of conglomerates formed by CD4(+)CD25(+) and the cytotoxic cells, as observed under the fluorescence microscope. Treg produced IL10 when mixed with the cytotoxic lymphocytes, however, an addition of anti-IL10 mAb into the cultures did not affect the results. It is concluded that Treg were able to inhibit both T CD8+ and NK lymphocyte cytotoxic activities in a direct cell-to-cell interaction. Treg decreased the number of T CD8+ cells attached to the target cells, while the mechanism underlying a decrease in NK cytotoxicity remained unclear.