Akos Kocsis

Gottsegen György Országos Kardiológiai Intézet, Budapeŝto, Budapest, Hungary

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Publications (8)0 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The presence of a substernal goiter which compresses the adjacent structures is per se an indication for resection, mostly total thyreoidectomy should be performed either by a head and neck or general surgeon. In about 1-10% of the cases the goiter is located behind the sternum, and the removal requires different surgical technique. Authors operated 182 patients between 2000-2014 with substernal goiter which all reached the level of the jugulum. The 182 cases were examined retrospectively. All the patients were symptomatic with choking and dyspnea. In 31 cases neck ultrasound were performed, in 7 cases neck MRI and in 138 cases neck-upper mediastinal CT scan were indicated to discover the real situation of the lobes. 15 patients had previous partial thyreoidectomy. Acervical approach was used in 175 cases, 7 patients required median sternotomy to complete the operation. Transient recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy occurred in 1 patient, permanent RLNP in 3. Nine lesions were malignant, 173 were benign. Choking and dyspnea are the most common symptoms of substernal goiter. CT scan is an important preoperative evaluation, while it helps not only to define the position of the thyroid lobes, but also put the right operating team together. Although most of the retrosternal goiters can be removed by a cervical approach, some of them need additional incisions. Hence, it is important to have a thoracic surgeon available. Reviewing the Hungarian literature the authors have not found any other study examining so many patients.
    Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery) 08/2015; 68(4):173-5. DOI:10.1556/1046.68.2015.4.3
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    ABSTRACT: Case report: Invasive aspergillosis is a life threatening complication in immune-compromised patients causing lung tissue destruction. Aspergillus empyema requires aggressive multimodality treatment. Material and method: We present a case of Aspergillus empyema treated by thoracic and plastic surgery preserving the lung function in an 18 year-old male patient suffering dermatomyositis and treated with steroids for a long time. After open window thoracostomy (OWT) we used pedicled musculus latissimus dorsi (MLD) flap and mobilised the anterior serratus muscle to close the pleural cavity. Conclusion: The intrathoracic use of muscle flaps after OWT in case of chronic Aspergillus empyema can preserve the underlying lung tissue. Cooperation of thoracic and plastic surgeons - as in the cases presented - provides an excellent opportunity to treat successfully of otherwise hopeless patients.
    Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery) 10/2013; 66(5):274-6. DOI:10.1556/MaSeb.66.2013.5.8
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Approximately 30% of malignant, primary bone tumors are chondrosarcomas, which occur on the anterior chest wall most frequently. Patients who are treated with adequate surgical intervention recover well, 10 years survival rate is 97%. Besides the aesthetic outcome, preservation of breathing and loading are crucial. Methods: Authors present a case of a 44-year-old male patient who worked as a sport masseur operated on Grade II chondrosarcoma of the manubrium. Concerning the age of the patient, an immediate reconstruction was carried out. The involved part of the sternum was resected with wide margins. The reconstruction was performed with Dual Mesh covered by a pedicled left sided pectoral major muscle. As a unique technique, authors used the tendons of the semitendinous and gracilis muscles to fix both claviculas together to give the proper stability and function for the shoulder girdle. Result: After an uneventful postoperative period the patient had a fast recovery. Conclusion: There are no data in the literature for such a method of fixation of the anterior chest wall. The method is suggested by the authors.
    Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery) 12/2012; 65(6):430-2. DOI:10.1556/MaSeb.65.2012.6.7
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: The procedure of the ETS is carried out by two ports, a videothoracoscop and a diathermy instrument are introduced into the pleural cavity. After the identification of the sympathetic chain, the relevant ganglia are divided or excised. Materials and methods: 22 patient underwent bilateral video assisted thoracoscopic T2-T4 sympathectomy in a half-way sitting position for palmar and axillary hyperhydrosis between December 2008 and January 2011. Results: 5 male and 17 female patients with a mean age of 39.9 years, (19-63) underwent the above procedure. The mean operation time was 36 minutes, (30-61 minutes). Conclusion: No postoperative complications were detected. The authors believe that two port VATS sympathectomy is a safe and effective method for the treatment of hyperhydrosis even as one day surgical procedure.
    Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery) 10/2012; 65(5):380-2. DOI:10.1556/MaSeb.65.2012.5.8
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    ABSTRACT: Pseudomyxoma Peritonei (PMP) is a rare condition, which arises from the abdominal cavity and it may also involve the pleural cavity occasionally. Concomitant involvement of both cavities is rare. The disease is characterized by production of mucinous ascites, and a low-grade carcinoma deriving mostly from the appendix. Pleural seeding may be due to diaphragmatic perforation during surgical intervention, tumour progression, or persistent congenital malformation between the abdominal and pleural cavities. A 44 year-old female patient was treated with pleuropulmonary involvement of pseudomyxoma. Since both the lungs and pleura were involved, radical resection could not have been carried out, and cytoreduction with intraoperative chemotherapy was applied only. Pleural progression of pseudomyxoma is uncommon and carries a poor prognosis. Management is similar to abdominal PMP, which involves aggressive cytoreduction and local and/or systemic chemotherapy, if possible. PMP is a very uncommon disease with poor prognosis. Extra-abdominal manifestation is rare, too. However, early recognition of the condition may enhance treatment options.
    Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery) 02/2012; 65(1):24-6. DOI:10.1556/MaSeb.65.2012.1.5
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    ABSTRACT: Tumors that are confined to specific areas of the airway (e.g. left main stem bronchus or the bronchus intermedius) can be removed with resections of the bronchus only and preservation of the parenchyma. During the period of January 2004 to February 2009 five patients underwent isolated bronchial resection for lung tumor with curative intent. In this study we analyzed the data of five men with a median age of 47.6 years (range 29–68 years). In four cases resection of the intermediate bronchus was performed, and in one case left main bronchus was removed. Intraoperative frozen section revealed negative bronchial resection margins in all cases. Four patients had carcinoid tumors, while one was diagnosed with chemodectoma. Minor postoperative complications were observed in two patients only. Isolated bronchial resection for lung tumor is associated with low morbidity and mortality. Lung sparing procedures are preferable in the above cases but sufficient experience and conditions are mandatory to achieve adequate results.
    Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery) 06/2011; 64(3):122-4. DOI:10.1556/MaSeb.64.2011.3.4
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    ABSTRACT: Results of 86 minimally invasive anterior chest wall reconstructions for pectus excavatum by the method of Nuss are evaluated retrospectively. Complications, possible ways of avoiding those and technical details of the operation are discussed. Nuss method is also evaluated in terms of suitability patients' age. Minimally invasive anterior chest wall reconstructions were performed in 86 patients in the last seven years. The average age was 21.4 years. There were no severe intra-operative complications. Four dislocations of the metal bar (12 and 53 days after chest reconstruction) were observed and treated by Nuss-technique. One metal bar had to be removed on the 13th postoperative day for local septic complication, and another one for significant sterile dislocation 14 months after the operation. One patient asked for removal of the metal bar because of pain. In one case bleeding from a small side-branch of the internal mammary artery was stopped by VATS technique, a small superficial lung injury was treated by thoracic drainage. Over 90 percent of patients were satisfied with the cosmetic results. Operating time and length of hospital stay gradually decreased throughout the years. Nuss technique can be performed safely in young adults for pectus excavatum with excellent long-term results. Less pain and shorter operating time of minimally invasive repair are the advantages of the procedure. Age above 30 years and previous open chest correction increases the risk for operation.
    Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery) 12/2010; 63(6):364-8. DOI:10.1556/MaSeb.63.2010.6.2
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    ABSTRACT: Authors used pedicled muscle flaps for prevention and treatment of bronchopleural fistulas in 55 patients. Thirty five flaps were used for prevention and 21 for treatment of bronchial stump leak. After using 19 pectoral, 18 latissimus, 10 diaphragm, 3 intercostals, 2 serratus and 4 double muscle flaps, only two flap necrosis occurred due to insufficient flap perfusion. Latissimus and diaphragm flaps were used mainly for the purpose of prevention and the pectoral flaps for the treatment of bronchopleural fistula. The authors reveal the advantages, disadvantages and indications of using different muscle flaps for different purposes. Using this technique is an essential practice in everyday thoracic surgery.
    Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery) 01/2005; 57(6):364-9.