[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Imino sugar compound 3 was prepared by two alternative routes starting from ribose and d-serine. From d-serine (3R,4R,5R)-3,4-dihydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)-3-methylpyrrolidin-2-one was prepared in five steps in 50% overall yield, which was further converted into (2R,3R,4S)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-4-methylpyrrolidine-3,4-diol in three steps in 23% overall yield.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The introduction of versatile functional groups, allyl and ester, at the C-1 position of the acyclic chain in acyclic adenine nucleosides was achieved for the first time directly by alkylation of adenine and N6-potected adenine. Thus, the C-1'-substituted N9-adenine acyclic nucleoside, adenine-9-yl-pent-4-enoic acid ethyl ester (11), was prepared by direct alkylation of adenine with 2-bromopent-4-enoic acid ethyl ester (6), while the corresponding N7-regioisomer, 2-[6-(dimethylaminomethyleneamino)-purin-7-yl]-pent-4-enoic acid ethyl ester (10), was obtained in one step by the coupling of N, N-dimethyl-N'- (9H-purin-6-yl)-formamidine (9) with 2-bromopent-4-enoic acid ethyl ester (6). The functional groups, ester and allyl, were converted to the desired hydroxymethyl and hydroxyethyl groups, and subsequently to phosphonomethyl derivatives and corresponding pyrophosphorylphosphonates.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The appropriately protected C-1'-hydroxyethyl-3-hydroxypropyl-N9-adenine nucleoside was prepared from 1-pivaloyloxy-5-tert-butyldiphenylsilyloxy-3-pentanol and adenine through the Mitsunobu reaction. One of the terminal hydroxyls was converted to the phosphonomethoxy derivative and the prodrug.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Acyclic N9 adenine nucleosides substituted at C-1' position were prepared by the Mitsunobu reaction of 1-tert-butyldimethylsilyl-4-pivaloylbutan-1,2,4-triol (5) with adenine. Pivaloyl hydroxyl was modified to the phosphonomethoxy derivatives, and the tert-butyldimethylsilyl hydroxyl was converted to methoxy, azido, amino, fluoro, and c-hydroxyethyl and was eliminated to give vinyl. The resulting phosphonic acids were converted to prodrugs also.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Various C-1'-substituted acyclic N9 adenine nucleosides were prepared from 9-[(1-hydroxymethyl)(3-monomethoxytrityloxy)propyl]-N6-monomethoxytrityladenine. The hydroxymethyl was modified to the phosphonomethoxy derivative, and the 3-monomethoxytrityloxy was converted to hydroxyl, methoxy, azido, and amino. Other substituents, such as ethyl and ea-hydroxyethyl were also prepared. The resulting phosphonomethoxy derivatives were converted to prodrugs.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A number of N6-substituted 9-[3-(phosphonomethoxy)propyl]adenine derivatives having hydroxymethyl at C-1' position were prepared from the appropriate 6-chloroadenine derivative. The syntheses of the corresponding prodrugs of these compounds are also reported. These compounds showed poor activity against HCV in replicon assay.