Ajay Prakash Sharma

Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Publications (2)5.15 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Nephrotic syndrome in children is a clinical manifestation of different histopathological subtypes. There is a paucity of recent large studies dealing with the histopathological spectrum from developing countries. A prospective study was performed from January 1990 to December 2000 at our center, involving 600 children (with age of onset up to 16 years) with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS). The objectives were: (1) to study the histopathological distribution of different subtypes of INS and (2) to compare the clinical and biochemical parameters at the time of diagnosis of minimal change disease (MCD) with non-MCD subtypes. For the purpose of this study we analyzed only those children with INS who underwent biopsies. The study group included 290 children in which adequate biopsy reports were available. There were 213 males and 77 females. Mean age at onset of INS was 7.9+5.1 years. Facial edema was found in 286 (98.6%), microhematuria in 120 (41.3%), gross hematuria in 7 (2.5%), and hypertension in 77(26.8%) patients. All patients of the study group were seronegative for HBsAg and HIV. Focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) was the most common histopathological subtype, occurring in 110 of 290 children (38%). Other subtypes included MCD in 95 children (32%), membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) in 44 children (15%), mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis in 33 children (11%), membranous glomerulonephritis in 5 children (2%), and diffuse mesangial sclerosis in 3 children (1%). In children under 8 years of age, MCD was the most common entity, whereas FSGS predominated in children with age at onset greater than 8 years. The age at onset of nephrotic syndrome was significantly higher in the non-MCD group than the MCD group. The incidence of hypertension, microhematuria, and gross hematuria was significantly lower in the MCD group. MCD remains the most common histopathological subtype in Indian children with INS and onset under 8 years of age. The incidence of MPGN continues to be high. MCD can be differentiated from non-MCD subtype by younger age at onset, absence of hypertension, and absence of microscopic hematuria.
    Pediatric Nephrology 08/2003; 18(7):657-60. · 2.94 Impact Factor
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    Peritoneal dialysis international: journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis 01/2003; 23(4):400-2. · 2.21 Impact Factor