Ahmed Al Ansari

Arabian Gulf University, Al Manāmah, Manama, Bahrain

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Publications (5)2.49 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A combination of social, legal, and religious factors make reporting of suicide difficult in Bahrain, an Islamic country. Limited available data indicates a very low incidence rate of 3 per 100,000. The objective of the present study was to describe the pattern of suicide in Bahrain during a 10-year period. The registered suicide cases (N = 304) at the Ministry of Interior for the 10-year period from 1995 to 2004 were reviewed and analyzed. The mean suicide rate was 0.6 per 100,000 for the Bahraini nationals and 12.6 per 100,000 for the non-Bahrainis with and 17.7 per 100,000 for the Indian migrants. Men were six times more likely than women to commit suicide. The majority of the subjects were under 35 years of age with financial domestic problems being the most common reason reported in the record and hanging the mostly commonly used mode of suicide (92.8%). The suicide rate for the Bahraini population remains low compared to other countries. The higher rate of suicide among Indians merits further investigation. Moreover, more research is needed on the epidemiology of suicide risk factors in ethnic groups for further prevention and intervention.
    Crisis The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention 02/2007; 28(1):11-5. DOI:10.1027/0227-5910.28.1.11 · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This retrospective study of incident reports at the psychiatric hospital in Bahrain was carried out to describe nursing staff injuries that were reported during 1992-1999. The average assault rate (4.4%) was much lower than that reported in Western countries. Of the 111 injuries, 44.0% occurred in wards assigned for patients with acute conditions, 27.5% in chronic condition wards, 5.5% in outpatients, and 22.9% in the community. Staff assaults by patients constituted 60.4% of all injuries, of which 64.2% occurred in the 1992-1995 period. The assault rate was highest in 1992 (6.8/100) and lowest in 1998 (1.1/100), while the rate for all injuries was highest in 1994 (12.0/100) and lowest in 1998 (3.3/100). Bahraini staff had higher assault (7.0/100) and total injury (14.8/100) rates than the non-Bahraini (5.5, 6.8/100, respectively). Odds ratios for assaults vs. nonpatient-induced injuries indicated that assaults were 2.3 times (95% CI: 1.05-4.95) more likely to occur in males, 5 times more likely (95% CI: 1.99-12.15) in non-Bahraini, 1.79 times more likely (95% CI: 0.81-3.95) in staff nurses, and 2.3 times more likely (95% CI: 1.05-5.01) in the evening. Suggestions for reducing assaults and nonpatient-induced injuries are discussed.
    Issues in Mental Health Nursing 07/2003; 24(4):409-17. DOI:10.1080/01612840305314
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors of overdose among Bahraini youth (15-24 years). These factors included psychiatric disorders, family pathology, and psychosocial stress. All suicide attempters in the country during an 18-month period (N= 100) were identified prospectively. One hospital-matched control was selected for each case. Both cases and controls underwent a semistructured personal interview in the two state general hospitals. A matched pair analysis was done, as well as computation of McNemar's continuity corrected chi-square test, odds ratio, and the 95% confidence interval of the odds ratio. The overdose attempter was more likely than the control to be unemployed, a member of a non-intact family, having a mother whose education was high school or above, not having a friend, involved in a boy/girlfriend relationship, and a cigarette smoker. More students among attempters had failed an examination in the past year than matched controls. Father's education, social class, death of father, recent row with a friend, use of drugs and alcohol, relationship with teachers, recent mobility, financial difficulties, and legal problems were similar in both groups. Stresses generated from living in a non-intact family, interpersonal relationships mainly with the opposite sex, unemployment, and school performance came out as the main risk factors. The association of previously identified risk factors such as depression, aggressive behavior, and use of drug and alcohol was low among attempters. While the results of this study are consistent with the present view that suicidal behaviors are multifactorial in origin, the magnitude and effect of each factor are culturally determined.
    Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 02/2001; 31(2):197-206. DOI:10.1521/suli.31.2.197.21517 · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study is part of a national effort to investigate the problem of overdoses among Bahraini youths. The aim of the study was to identify characteristics of attempters from two age groups: adolescents (15–18 years) and young adults (19–24 years). 57 adolescents and 43 young adults were examined as part of a case control study of all Bahraini attempted overdosers aged 15–24 years. The adolescent overdose attempter was more likely to be single, female, a student with a low suicide intent but having a feeling of failure in their life. They had problems with peers and were more socially isolated. On the other hand, the young adult overdose attempter was more likely to be married, unemployed with a serious intention of committing suicide. Level of education, social class, the frequency of recent contacts with helping agencies, type and source of drug used, reasons for taking overdose and prevalence of mental disorder were similar in both groups. The implications of such findings with respect to prevention and early intervention are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
    10/1997; 8(2):115-126.
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    Huda Marhoon, Ahmed Al Ansari, Ali Al Salmah
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Forty children with elective mutism (EM) were clinically assessed to ascertain their characteristics. Methods: The sample consisted of referred cases to the child unit, psychiatric hospital, Bahrain in the period between 1992 to 1999 and fulfilled ICD diagnostic criteria for EM. Data was collected by detailed clinical assessment and interview of parents with the Conner's Parents Rating Scale. (C.P.R.S). Results: EM typically manifested at preschool age, was more common in boys, seen in all social classes and early developmental risk factors were common. Three quarters of children with EM had pre-morbid speech and language abnormalities and one third had behavioral problems in terms of oppositional and aggressive behavior. Shyness and excessive anxiety were the most common personality features. Co-morbid diagnoses with enuresis and encopresis were frequent. School and unfamiliar people created the social context in which children with EM most frequently did not speak. EM was persistent in nearly 29% of cases. Conclusion: The clinical features and course of EM were similar to those reported recently by others in different cultures.