A Tall-Dia

Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Dakar, Dakar, Senegal

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Publications (5)1.32 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Aims. - The prevalence of germs and their sensitivity to antibiotics was assessed in the main pediatric hospital, in Dakar. Methods. -A retrospective study was carried out from January 1, 1995 to December 31, 2000. All children from 0 to 15 years of age, hospitalized during that period because of proven purulent meningitis were included in the study. Results. - One thousand ninety five cases of meningitis for 22 162 hospitalizations were recorded (4.9%). The disease is present all year round but more active from January to May. The patient's mean age was 37.8 months and with the highest frequency between 1 and 6 months. Bacteriologic tests were positive in 594 cases (54.2%). Haemophilus influenzae b (19.7%), Neisseria meningitidis (14.5%) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (13.6%) were most frequently identified. The activity of current antibiotics was excellent on these pathogens. The global evolution was satisfactory without complication in 71.9% and lethal in 16.3%. Commentary. - H. influenzae b is mainly responsible for purulent meningitis in Dakar. It leads to high morbidity and mortality in countries like Senegal where vaccination against these germs is not systematic. Consequently we recommend a rapid introduction of the vaccine in the senegalese enlarged vaccination program. (C) 2003 Publie par Editions scientifiques et medicales Elsevier SAS.
    Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses 08/2003; 33(8):422-426. DOI:10.1016/S03990-077X(03)00221-X · 0.91 Impact Factor
  • Archives de Pédiatrie 05/2003; 10(4):354-6. · 0.41 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aims. – The prevalence of germs and their sensitivity to antibiotics was assessed in the main pediatric hospital, in Dakar.Methods. – A retrospective study was carried out from January 1, 1995 to December 31, 2000. All children from 0 to 15 years of age, hospitalized during that period because of proven purulent meningitis were included in the study.Results. – One thousand ninety five cases of meningitis for 22 162 hospitalizations were recorded (4.9%). The disease is present all year round but more active from January to May. The patient’s mean age was 37.8 months and with the highest frequency between 1 and 6 months. Bacteriologic tests were positive in 594 cases (54.2%). Haemophilus influenzae b (19.7%), Neisseria meningitidis (14.5%) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (13.6%) were most frequently identified. The activity of current antibiotics was excellent on these pathogens. The global evolution was satisfactory without complication in 71.9% and lethal in 16.3%.Commentary. –H. influenzae b is mainly responsible for purulent meningitis in Dakar. It leads to high morbidity and mortality in countries like Senegal where vaccination against these germs is not systematic. Consequently we recommend a rapid introduction of the vaccine in the senegalese enlarged vaccination program.
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    ABSTRACT: This cross sectional survey carried in april 1995 aimed to assess the nutritional status of the women old enough to procreate++ and the children less than 5 years old in the community of Mpal (District of St Louis). The method of sampling used was the method of stratified poll. The assessment of the nutritional status is carried among the women by measuring the brachial circumference and the corporal mass index. Among the children, the indicators used were the ratios: weight-age, weight-height and the brachial circumference. The results showed a rate of malnutrition very high in comparison to the national averages as well in ythe women old enough to procreate (31% versus 17.4%) as in the children (11% of acute malnutrition versus 8.7% and 24.4% of chronic malnutrition versus 21.7%). The young mothers and the children more than 3 years old were the more frequently reached. It urges to set up in this locality a programme of struggling against malnutrition based on the integration of the economics activities of the communitary groups to their health activities.
    Bulletin de la Société médicale d'Afrique noire de langue française 02/1999; 44(1):94-8.