A S Gabet

French Institute of Health and Medical Research, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (4)30.68 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1), the causative agent of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, shows intrapatient genetic variability. Although HTLV-1 can replicate via the reverse transcription of virion RNA to a double-stranded DNA provirus (the conventional manner for retroviruses), its predominant mode of replication is via the clonal expansion (mitosis) of the infected cell. This expansion is achieved by the viral oncoprotein Tax, which keeps the infected CD4 T lymphocyte cycling. Because Tax also interferes with cellular DNA repair pathways, we investigated whether somatic mutations of the provirus that occur during the division of infected cells could account for HTLV-1 genetic variability. An inverse polymerase chain reaction strategy was designed to distinguish somatic mutations from reverse transcription-associated substitutions. This strategy allows the proviral sequences to be isolated together with flanking cellular sequences. Using this method, we sequenced 208 HTLV-1 provirus 3' segments, together with their integration sites, belonging to 29 distinct circulating cellular clones from infected individuals. For 60% of the clones, 8%-80% of infected cells harbored a mutated HTLV-1 provirus, without evidence of reverse transcription-associated mutations. Mutations within flanking cellular sequences were also identified at a frequency of 2.8 x 10(-4) substitution per base pair. Some of these clones carried multiple discrete substitutions or deletions, indicating progressive accumulation of mutations during clonal expansion. The overall frequency of somatic mutations increased with the degree of proliferation of infected T cells. These data indicate that, in vivo, HTLV-1 variation results mainly from postintegration events that consist of somatic mutations of the proviral sequence occurring during clonal expansion. The finding of substitutions in flanking sequences suggests that somatic mutations occurring after integration, presumably coupled with selection, help move the cellular clones toward a transformed phenotype, of which adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma is the end point.
    JNCI Journal of the National Cancer Institute 04/2001; 93(5):367-77. · 14.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: After experimental infection of squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) with human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-infected cells, the virus is transcribed only transiently in circulating blood, spleen, and lymph nodes. Stable disappearance of viral expression occurs at 2 to 3 weeks after inoculation. This coincides with the development of the anti-HTLV-1 immune response and persistent detection of the provirus in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). In this study, the HTLV-1 replication pattern was analyzed over time in PBMCs and various organs from two HTLV-1-infected squirrel monkeys. Real-time quantitative PCR confirmed that PBMCs and lymphoid organs constitute the major reservoirs for HTLV-1. The PCR amplification of HTLV-1 flanking sequences from PBMCs evidenced a pattern of clonal expansion of infected cells identical to that observed in humans. Dissemination of the virus in body compartments appeared to result from cellular transport of the integrated provirus. The circulating proviral burden increased as a function of time in one animal studied over a period of 4 years. The high proviral loads observed in the last samples resulted from the accumulation of infected cells via the extensive proliferation of a restricted number of persistent clones on a background of polyclonally expanded HTLV-1-positive cells. Therefore, HTLV-1 primary infection in squirrel monkeys is a two-step process involving a transient phase of reverse transcription followed by persistent multiplication of infected cells. This suggests that the choice of the target for blocking HTLV-1 replication might depend on the stage of infection.
    Journal of Virology 02/2001; 75(2):1083-9. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sequencing integration sites from >/=200 proviruses isolated from infected individuals revealed that HTLV-1 integration is not random at the level of the nucleotide sequence. The virus was found to integrate in A/T-rich regions with a weak consensus sequence at positions within and without the hexameric repeat generated during integration. These features were not associated with a preference for integration near active regions or repeat elements of the host chromosomes. However, about 6% of HTLV-1 proviruses were found to be integrated into transcription units, suggesting that in some cells, HTLV-1 integration may alter gene expression in vivo. Therefore, the target choice in vivo seems to be determined by local features rather than by the accessibility of specific regions. This led us subsequently to analyze the role of the DNA structure in HTLV-1 integration in vitro. Double-strand HTLV-1 or HIV-1 3' LTR extremities were used as substrates for in vitro strand transfer reactions using highly purified HTLV-1 and HIV-1 integrases (INs) expressed in Escherichia coli, and two synthetic naked 50-bp double-strand DNA molecules harboring different structures were used as targets. A fluorometric quantitative analysis of integration products was designed to assess the reaction efficiency for both target sequences. As suggested for HTLV-1 in vivo (present results), and, as previously described for other retroviruses in vitro, the structure of the target was found to greatly influence the site and the efficiency of integration. Both HIV-1 and HTLV-1 INs underwent the same target structural constraint, i.e., a strong preference for curved DNA. Altogether these results indicate that if most or all the regions of the genome appear to be accessible to HTLV-1 integration, local DNA curvature seems to confer a kinetic advantage for both in vitro and in vivo HTLV-1 integration.
    AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses 11/2000; 16(16):1653-9. · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adult T cell leukemia (ATLL) develops in 3 - 5% of HTLV-1 carriers after a long period of latency during which a persistent polyclonal expansion of HTLV-1 infected lymphocytes is observed in all individuals. This incubation period is significantly shortened in HTLV-1 carrier with Strongyloides stercoralis (Ss) infection, suggesting that Ss could be a cofactor of ATLL. As an increased T cell proliferation at the asymptomatic stage of HTLV-1 infection could increase the risk of malignant transformation, the effect of Ss infection on infected T lymphocytes was assessed in vivo in HTLV-1 asymptomatic carriers. After real-time quantitative PCR, the mean circulating HTLV-1 proviral load was more than five times higher in HTLV-1 carriers with strongyloidiasis than in HTLV-1+ individuals without Ss infection (P<0.009). This increased proviral load was found to result from the extensive proliferation of a restricted number of infected clones, i.e. from oligoclonal expansion, as evidenced by the semiquantitative amplification of HTLV-1 flanking sequences. The positive effect of Ss on clonal expansion was reversible under effective treatment of strongyloidiasis in one patient with parasitological cure whereas no significant modification of the HTLV-1 replication pattern was observed in an additional case with strongyloidiasis treatment failure. Therefore, Ss stimulates the oligoclonal proliferation of HTLV-1 infected cells in HTLV-1 asymptomatic carriers in vivo. This is thought to account for the shortened period of latency observed in ATLL patients with strongyloidiasis. Oncogene (2000) 19, 4954 - 4960
    Oncogene 11/2000; 19(43):4954-60. · 8.56 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

146 Citations
30.68 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2001
    • French Institute of Health and Medical Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2000–2001
    • Unité Inserm U1077
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France
    • Centre Léon Bérard
      Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France