Anna Rita Roscini

Università degli Studi di Perugia, Perugia, Umbria, Italy

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Publications (42)110.19 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress is linked to several human diseases, including nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). In this study, lymphocytes were used as a model to study this disease. These cells offer several advantages for cellular and molecular studies such as easy accessibility, and they are easily accessible and constitute a "time-persistent" system capable of reflecting the condition of the whole organism. Lymphocytes from patients with NASH display oxidative stress features. Among the possible causes for the overproduction of reactive oxygen species in NASH lymphocytes, there might be alterations of enzymatic pathways, auto-oxidation of glucose and mitochondrial superoxide production, which, in turn, would lead to protein oxidative damage. Increased oxidative stress in lymphocytes from patients with NASH may result in a pro-oxidative environment, which, in turn, could modify the pathway of the enzymatic activities. The data confirm that an imbalance between pro-oxidant and antioxidant defense mechanisms may be an important factor in NASH.
    The American Journal of the Medical Sciences 12/2013; Ahead-of-print. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: Several factors contribute to the development of atherogenesis in patients with obesity. The aim of our study was to evaluate the different roles of insulin resistance, strictly correlated to visceral adiposity, and the body mass index (BMI), an estimate of overall adiposity, on early vascular impairment in patients with morbid obesity.Methods: We enrolled 65 morbidly obese subjects (BMI 44.6±7 kg/m(2)) who were free of previous cardiovascular events and 28 nonobese subjects (control group) in a cross-sectional study. The presence of glycemia and insulinemia, the levels of lipids and liver parameter and the ultrasonographic assessment of the flow-mediated dilatation (FMD), carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and visceral fat area (VFA) were evaluated in all subjects.Results: In the obese patients with a median HOMA value of ≥3.5, the FMD was significantly lower (p<.05) and the left carotid maximum-IMT was significantly higher (p<.05) than those observed in the group with lower HOMA values. No vascular differences were found between the two groups that were subdivided according to the BMI median value. Both the left max-IMT and FMD exhibited a significant correlation with HOMA-IR ("ρ".292, p=0.02 , "ρ"-.292, p=0.02 respectively) but not with BMI. According to a multivariate analysis, the VFA was an independent predictor of a reduced FMD (β -.541, p.002; p of the model .002), while age (β .611 p<.0001) and HOMA-IR (β .399 p<.001) were independent predictors of the left max-IMT (p of the model .002).Conclusions: The HOMA-IR, which is strictly related to visceral fat and is an index of metabolic impairment, and not BMI, which reflects of global adiposity, can be used to identify early vascular impairment in patients with morbid obesity.
    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 08/2013; · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Non-cholesterol sterols reflect cholesterol metabolism. Statins reduce cholesterol synthesis usually with a rise in cholesterol absorption. Common hyperlipemias have shown different patterns of cholesterol metabolism. We evaluated whether cholesterol absorption and synthesis may differ after statin therapy in primary hyperlipemias. We determined lipid profile, apoprotein B and serum sterols (lathosterol, sitosterol, campesterol by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry) before and after statins in 80 untreated hyperlipemic patients, 40 with polygenic hypercholesterolemia (PH) and 40 with familial combined hyperlipemia (FCH). At baseline in FCH lathosterol was significantly higher while campesterol and sitosterol were significantly lower than in PH. After statins, the reduction in LDL-C did not significantly differ between the two groups; in PH there was a significant decrease of lathosterol from 96.1 to 52.6 102 μmol/mmol cholesterol (p=0.0001) with no significant modifications in campesterol and sitosterol; on the opposite, in FCH lathosterol decreased from 117 to 43 102 μmol/mmol cholesterol (p=0.0001) and campesterol and sitosterol significantly increased from 38 to 48 102 μmol/mmol cholesterol (p=0.0001), and from 75 to 86 102 μmol/mmol cholesterol, (p=0.022), respectively. After statin therapy only in FCH Δ-LDL-C showed a significant inverse correlation with Δ-sitosterol and with Δ-campesterol. Primary hyperlipemias show different patterns of response to statins: in PH LDL reduction appears completely "synthesis inhibition" dependent, while in FCH LDL decrease appears to be synthesis dependent, partially limited by absorption increase. Studying cholesterol metabolism before and after hypolipemic therapy might be useful in identifying the best tailored treatment.
    Life sciences 04/2012; 90(21-22):846-50. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the behaviour of non-cholesterol sterols, surrogate markers of cholesterol absorption (campesterol and sitosterol) and synthesis (lathosterol), in primary hyperlipemias. We studied 53 patients with polygenic hypercholesterolemia (PH), 38 patients with familial combined hyperlipemia (FCH), and 19 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects. In all participants, plasma sitosterol, campesterol and lathosterol were determined by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. To correct for the effect of plasma lipid levels, non-cholesterol sterol concentrations were adjusted for plasma cholesterol (10² μmol/mmol cholesterol). Patients with FCH were more frequently men, and had higher body mass index (BMI), fasting glucose, insulin and HOMA-IR. Lathosterol was higher in FCH than in pH or controls (p < 0.05). Campesterol was significantly lower in FCH (p < 0.05), while no differences were found between pH and controls. Sitosterol displayed higher values in pH compared to FCH (p < 0.001) and controls (p < 0.05). Spearman's rank correlations showed positive correlations of lathosterol with BMI, waist circumference, HOMA-IR, triglycerides, apoprotein B, and a negative one with HDL-cholesterol. Sitosterol had a negative correlation with BMI, waist circumference, HOMA-IR, triglycerides, and a positive one with HDL-cholesterol and apoprotein AI. Multivariate regression analyses showed that cholesterol absorption markers predicted higher HDL-cholesterol levels, while HOMA-IR was a negative predictor of sitosterol and BMI a positive predictor of lathosterol. Our findings suggest the occurrence of an increased cholesterol synthesis in FCH, and an increased cholesterol absorption in pH. Markers of cholesterol synthesis cluster with clinical and laboratory markers of obesity and insulin resistance.
    Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases: NMCD 03/2012; 22(3):231-6. · 3.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Many adults are not at recommended lipid levels and the extent of treatment of dyslipidemia remains poor. We investigated the burden of cardiovascular risk and the distance of lipid fractions from the recommended targets by statin therapy and risk status in patients referred to a tertiary care lipid clinic. Assessment of cardiovascular risk factors was performed in 1657 patients, mostly dyslipidemics, referred by family physicians to our Lipid Clinic, 393 patients being under statin therapy. The shortfall of lipid fractions from the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel-III (NCEP ATP-III) recommended goals was evaluated. A high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors was found. LDL cholesterol target was reached by 20% and 45% of untreated and statin treated patients, whereas non-HDL cholesterol target by 13% and 45% of untreated and statin treated patients, respectively. LDL cholesterol was over the goal by 27% in untreated patients and by 25% in statin treated patients. More than 40% and 65% statin treated patients were taking either a low statin dose or statins with low-to-moderate LDL cholesterol lowering efficacy (<30%). A decrease in the proportion of patients at target and greater shortfalls from recommended goals were found from low to high risk categories. The shortfall in reaching lipid targets, particularly among high risk statin untreated patients, may be partly explained by delayed or even inadequate lipid lowering therapy. Shortfalls in reaching the targets are not necessarily high and might be possibly managed at a primary care level.
    European Journal of Internal Medicine 08/2011; 22(4):412-7. · 2.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Quantification of plasma noncholesterol sterols allows the study of cholesterol absorption and synthesis. A pattern of low cholesterol absorption and high synthesis has been demonstrated in patients with obesity and insulin resistance. To understand the relationship between cholesterol absorption/synthesis and visceral obesity, we investigated surrogate markers of cholesterol absorption (campesterol and sitosterol) and synthesis (lathosterol) in dyslipidaemic patients with different representation of abdominal fat, estimated by ultrasonographic measurement of visceral fat area (VFA). In 126 patients with primary hyperlipaemias, plasma sitosterol, campesterol and lathosterol were determined by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. Visceral and subcutaneous fats were evaluated by ultrasonography. The study population was divided into two groups on the basis of VFA median values, below/equal and above 154 cm(2) . RESULTS Patients with higher VFA had significantly higher lathosterol levels (median 109 vs. 76 × 10(2) μmol/mmol cholesterol P < 0·004), body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure, triglycerides, insulin, homoeostatic model assessment (HOMA)-IR and lower high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-C. VFA was positively correlated with lathosterol (ρ = 0·35, P < 0·001) and negatively with HDL-C (ρ = -0·43, P < 0·001), campesterol (ρ = -0·23, P = 0.01) and sitosterol (ρ = -0·35, P < 0·001). VFA was an independent predictor of lathosterol values (β = 0·389, P < 0·0001, P of the model < 0·0001);age, systolic blood pressure, BMI, waist circumference, triglycerides, HDL-C and HOMA failed to enter the final equation.   In hyperlipidaemic patients, the amount of visceral fat correlates with cholesterol synthesis; the use of ultrasonographic detection of abdominal adiposity allows a better characterization of cholesterol pathway, potentially useful for a tailored therapeutic approach.
    European Journal of Clinical Investigation 06/2011; 42(2):164-70. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This case report presents the clinical history of a patient with elevated lipoprotein(a) and small size isoform, associated with mixed hyperlipaemia, which was probably familial combined hyperlipaemia. After premature myocardial infarction, the subject was treated with fibrates. Niacin was started after recurrence. One year ago, after another episode of acute coronary syndrome, rosuvastatin was added to niacin. The atherogenicity of this lipid disorder, along with the different options for therapy is discussed.
    Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics 10/2010; 35(5):613-5. · 2.10 Impact Factor
  • Atherosclerosis Supplements - ATHEROSCLER SUPPL. 01/2010; 11(2):63-64.
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    ABSTRACT: The onset of sepsis is often non-specific, and its severity is cryptic. The pathophysiological mechanism of sepsis development involves vascular alteration and, in particular, the impairment of endothelial function. Aim of the study was to evaluate the potential implications of brachial endothelial function assessment in patients affected by Gram-negative sepsis. Forty-five young patients (mean age 41+/-8 years, 18 males) with Gram-negative sepsis were included; at admission time (T0) signs and symptoms, clinical and laboratory data were collected; the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score was assessed at the time of the access along with the evaluation of brachial flow-mediated vasodilation (FMV). The same parameters were repeated 3 days after hospitalization (T1). Study population at the hospitalization time was divided on the basis of a brachial FMV cut off: at the T0 subjects with FMV<7.5% had lower white blood cell count in comparison to subjects with FMV> or =7.5% (6693+/-1559 mmc versus 14,270+/-2399 mmc); subjects with FMV<7.5% had a significant increase in SOFA score at T1 (4+/-1 versus 6+/-1) and a significant reduction of brachial FMV at T1 (4.8+/-2.7% versus 3.7+/-2.6%) (all p<0.05). FMV at the admission time was predicted by white blood cells (beta=0.65; p<0.001) and brachial diameter (beta=-0.292; p<0.05); Delta changes in FMV were predicted by changes in SOFA score (beta=-0.41; p<0.05). In conclusion, the present study indicates that in the initial phase of sepsis an impairment of brachial FMV anticipated the progression in organ failures; these considerations support the potential utility of brachial FMV in clinical practice in acute pathologies as septic state.
    Atherosclerosis 05/2008; 197(2):747-52. · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Osteoprotegerin (OPG) has recently been implicated in human atherogenesis. Abdominal obesity represents an established risk factor for the onset and development of atherosclerotic damage. The aim of the present study was to investigate the link between OPG and abdominal fat and the relationship to precocious features of atherosclerotic disease such as brachial flow-mediated vasodilation (FMV) and the intima-media thickening (IMT) in 195 white postmenopausal women (age range, 43-75 years). The study population was divided into 2 groups: group 1-waist circumference <80 cm and group 2-waist circumference > or = 80 cm. Group 2 had higher menopausal years, body mass index, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, C-reactive protein, and carotid IMT. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol was higher in group 1. Afterward, these groups were divided on the basis of a cutoff value of OPG (6.85 pmol/L) that was the median of its distribution: patients with OPG < or = 6.85 pmol/L were OPG(-), and those with OPG >6.85 pmol/L were OPG(+). The OPG(+) subjects in both had lower brachial FMV and higher carotid IMT in comparison with OPG(-) subjects. At the multivariate regression analysis, waist circumference, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, C-reactive protein, and OPG were predictors of carotid mean IMT (beta = 0.55, P = .001; beta = -0.14, P = .001; beta = 0.16, P = .001; and beta = 0.14, P = .05, respectively) and age, OPG, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and brachial diameter of brachial FMV (beta = -0.13, P = .05; beta = -0.25, P = .001; beta = -0.14, P = .024; and beta = 0.48, P = .001, respectively). The conclusions are as follows: first, OPG levels did not appear to be conditioned by a risk factor such as abdominal obesity; and second, OPG levels are mainly linked to the evidence of vascular damage. On this basis, we could speculate that OPG levels may be considered not a cardiovascular risk condition but a defense against atherosclerotic progression.
    Metabolism 03/2008; 57(3):321-5. · 3.10 Impact Factor
  • Atherosclerosis Supplements - ATHEROSCLER SUPPL. 01/2008; 9(1):208-208.
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    ABSTRACT: Adipose tissue is not an inert deposit of fat; in the truncal area, it seems to be metabolically active, due to the adipokines produced locally. These substances are related to insulin resistance, inflammation and atherosclerotic damage to the vascular system. The development of ultrasound methodologies enable better estimation of fat distribution and more detailed investigation of the metabolic aspects of the fat depots and their impact on the initial stages of atherosclerosis. To investigate the influence of abdominal fat on endothelial function, the initial stages of atherosclerotic vascular damage and its relationship with inflammatory status in normal-overweight subjects [n. 162, body mass index (BMI) >25 kg/m(2) to <30 kg/m(2)]. A total of 162 Caucasian postmenopausal women (mean age 54 +/- 4 years, menopausal age 8 +/- 4 years) were subdivided on the basis of the median value of the visceral fat distribution and associations with brachial flow-mediated vasoactivity (FMV), BMI, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), total and LDL cholesterol investigated. Subjects with lower levels of visceral fat had a higher brachial FMV (7.9 +/- 4.3 vs. 5.1 +/- 3.2%, P < 0.05) and lower BMI, waist, sICAM-1, sVCAM-1, total and LDL cholesterol. In univariate analyses, abdominal visceral fat showed a direct correlation with sICAM-1 (r = 0.43, P < 0.001), and an inverse correlation with FMV (r = -0.49, P < 0.01). Moreover an indirect relationship emerged between brachial FMV and sICAM-levels (r = -0.36, P < 0.05). In a multivariate analysis the predictive variables for brachial FMV were LDL cholesterol (beta = -0.22, P < 0.05), visceral fat (beta = -0.32, P < 0.05), sICAM-1 (beta = -0.18, P < 0.05), HDL cholesterol (beta = 0.25, P < 0.05) and brachial diameter (beta = -0.27, P < 0.05). Subcutaneous fat and triglycerides were also included in the model. In Caucasian normal-overweight women, visceral fat thickness was directly associated with the level of soluble ICAM-1 and inversely with FMV, thereby showing its relevance to endothelial function and the inflammatory state.
    Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics 10/2007; 32(5):477-82. · 2.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is much evidence to suggest the existence of racial differences between blacks and whites in the behaviour of endothelial function. Infective state, sustained by viral or bacterial agents, may injure the endothelial surface favouring the onset and progression of atherosclerotic process, mainly by an inflammatory mechanism. The aim of the study was to investigate endothelial function, expressed as brachial flow-mediated vasodilation (FMV), in black and white healthy subjects, along with antibody titer to cytomegalovirus, hepatitis virus (B, C), herpes virus-1 and 2, Epstein-Barr, Chlamydia pneumoniae and the expression of adhesion molecules. We enrolled 22 young (mean age 27+/-8 years) healthy subjects of black race (10 males) and 20 healthy young subjects (10 males, mean age 28+/-9 years) of white race. Total infectious burden (TIB) was defined as the number of serological positive infections. Black subjects have a reduced brachial FMV (6.9+/-3.5% versus 11.6+/-3.0%, p<0.01) and increased values of hsCRP (0.35+/-0.15 mg/dL versus 0.07+/-0.08 mg/dL, p<0.05), white cells (8578+/-1041/mmc versus 5833+/-998/mmc, p<0.01) and adhesion molecules (respectively: sVCAM-1 945+/-142 versus 779+/-93, sICAM-1 534+/-107 ng/mL versus 325+/-80 ng/mL; both p<0.01) in comparison to white subjects. The total infectious burden in black race was significantly higher than in white race (5+/-1 versus 2+/-1, p<0.01). At the univariate analysis, brachial FMV was significantly related to the levels of adhesion molecules (respectively: sVCAM-1 r=-0.49; sICAM-1 r=-0.50, both p<0.05), hsCRP (r=-0.47, p<0.05) and white blood cells (r=-0.43, p<0.05). TIB was associated with brachial FMV (r=-0.64, p<0.05), sVCAM-1 (r=0.55, p<0.05) and hsCRP (r=0.47, p<0.05). At the multivariate analysis the only predictive variables for brachial FMV were hsCRP, TIB and brachial diameter (respectively: beta=-0.49, -0.19, -0.54, all p<0.05). This study confirms that endothelial reactivity is impaired in young African black patients; moreover its behavior is strictly related to the inflammatory state and to the total infectious burden.
    Atherosclerosis 03/2007; 191(1):227-34. · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an increasing concern for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients, and risk assessment is recommended in routine HIV care. The absolute cardiovascular risk in an individual is determined by several factors, and various algorithms may be applied. To date, few comparisons of HIV patients with persons of the same age from the general population have been conducted. We hypothesized that the calculated risk of CVD may be increased in HIV patients. The probability for acute coronary events within 10 y (Framingham Risk Score) and the probability for fatal cardiovascular disease (SCORE algorithm) were assessed in 403 consecutive HIV-positive subjects free from overt cardiovascular disease, as well as in 96 age- and gender-matched control subjects drawn from the general population living in the same geographical area. The average 10-y risk for acute coronary events (Framingham Risk Score) was 7.0%+/-5% in HIV subjects and 6.3%+/-5% in the control group (p =0.32). The 10-y estimated risk for cardiovascular mortality (SCORE algorithm) was 1.23%+/-2.3% and 0.83%+/-0.9%, respectively (p =0.01). The main contributor to the increased CVD risk was the high proportion of smokers, but not an increase in cholesterol level. In conclusion, a limited increase in estimated risk of CVD was found in HIV-infected patients compared to the general population. In HIV-infected individuals other factors of less value in the general population and not included in any cardiovascular algorithm might be important. In our patients intervention to modify traditional risk factors should be addressed primarily towards modifying smoking habits.
    Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 02/2007; 39(9):805-12. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The natriuretic peptides, Brain Natriuretic Peptide (BNP), C-type Natriuretic Peptide (CNP), are mediators of cardiovascular homeostasis. The impairment of arterial ability to vasodilate, also known as endothelial dysfunction, represents the first stage of atherosclerotic damage and may be assessed as brachial flow mediated vasodilation (FMV) in human. Generally an altered brachial FMV is documented in association to several cardiovascular risk factors as hypercholesterolemia. Aim of the study was to evaluate the behaviour of BNP and CNP in hyperlipemia and the potential relationship to FMV. Forty-four hyperlipemic patients (LDL-cholesterol > 130 mg/dl and/or triglycerides > 150, age 35-60 y) of both genders and 20 normolipemic patients, matched for age and sex were investigated. Patients had lower values of brachial FMV in comparison to controls (3.9 +/- 3.5 vs 7.5 +/- 0.5%, p < 0.005), no differences were observed in BNP (4.6 +/- 4.6 vs 5.9 +/- 3.4 ng/mL, p = n.s) and CNP (4.1 +/- 5.8 vs 5.7 +/- 3.3 ng/mL, p = n.s). Univariate analysis showed a positive correlation between BNP and HDL-cholesterol values (r = 0.36, p = 0.001). In the multivariate analysis, LDL-cholesterol (beta = -0.57), HDL-cholesterol (beta = 0.26) and brachial artery diameter (beta = -0.33) were predictors of brachial FMV. The only predictive variable for CNP was HDL-cholesterol (beta = 0.37). The present study suggested that natriuretic peptides, BNP and CNP, are not altered in patients affected by hypercholesterolemia. Nevertheless, the levels of HDL-cholesterol are strictly related to the values of CNP. This observation, in humans, adds another mechanism to the vascular control exerted by HDL.
    VASA.: Zeitschrift für Gefässkrankheiten. Journal for vascular diseases 11/2006; 35(4):215-20. · 1.01 Impact Factor
  • Atherosclerosis Supplements - ATHEROSCLER SUPPL. 01/2006; 7(3):221-221.
  • Atherosclerosis Supplements - ATHEROSCLER SUPPL. 01/2006; 7(3):277-277.
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    ABSTRACT: Artichoke extracts have been shown to produce various pharmacological effects, such as the inhibition of cholesterol biosynthesis and of LDL oxidation. Endothelial dysfunction represents the first stage of atherosclerotic disease; it is usually evaluated in humans by a noninvasive ultrasound method as brachial flow-mediated vasodilation (FMV) and by the determination of several humoral markers such as vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and E-selectin. Aim of the study was to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation with artichoke juice on brachial FMV of hyperlipemics. We studied 18 moderately hyperlipemic patients (LDL cholesterol > 130 <200 mg/dl and/or triglycerides >150 <250 mg/dl) of both genders and 10 hyperlipemic patients, matched for age, sex and lipid parameters. All subjects were under isocaloric hypolipidic diet. A basal determination of serum lipids, soluble VCAM-1, ICAM-1, E-selectin and brachial FMV was performed. Thereafter patients were given 20 ml/die of frozen artichoke juice. The same parameters were repeated after 6 weeks. After artichoke treatment there was an increase of triglycerides (156 +/- 54 vs 165 +/- 76 mg/dL, p <0.05) and a reduction of total cholesterol (261 +/- 37 vs 244 +/- 38 mg/dL, p <0.05) and LDL cholesterol (174 +/- 31 vs 160 +/- 34 mg/dL, p <0.05). Controls showed a significant decrease in total and LDL cholesterol (respectively: 267 +/- 22 vs 249 +/- 20 mg/dL and 180 +/- 24 vs 164 +/- 23 mg/dL, both p <0.001). After artichoke there was a decrease in VCAM-1(1633 +/- 1293 vs 1139 +/- 883 ng/mL, p <0.05) and ICAM-1(477 +/- 123 vs 397 +/- 102 ng/mL, p <0.05), brachial FMV increased (3.3 +/- 2.7 vs 4.5 +/- 2.4%, p <0.01), while controls did not exhibit significant changes in VCAM-1, ICAM-1, E-selectin and brachial FMV. Univariate analysis showed that, in artichoke patients, changes of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 were significantly related to changes in brachial FMV (respectively: r=-0.66 and r=-0.62; both p <0.05). In conclusion, artichoke dietary supplementation seems to positively modulate endothelial function in hypercholesterolemia.
    Life Sciences 01/2005; 76(7):775-82. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Statins are able to reduce cardiovascular morbility and mortality mainly through their hypocholesterolemic effect. Beyond the inhibition of cholesterol synthesis, the identification of "ancillary" mechanisms has motivated studies evaluating the relationship between the use of statins and the modification of bone mineral density (BMD). To date, clinical trials have provided discordant results. The aim of our study was to evaluate whether simvastatin treatment (40 mg/d) could modify BMD in hypercholesterolemic women (n = 40) after a 2-year treatment as compared with a control group treated only with diet (n = 20) and matched by gender, age, body mass index (BMI), lipids, menopausal age, and BMD and the number of osteopenic, osteoporotic, and normal women (on the basis of T-score value). Exclusion criteria were secondary hyperlipemias and osteoporosis and current or previous therapy with statins, bisphosphonates, and estrogens. The BMD was measured at the lumbar spine and hip by dual energy x-ray absorpiometry (DEXA). In the group treated by simvastatin, BMD, both on the spine and femoral hip, showed a significant increase after 8 and 24 months, respectively (0.878 +/- 0.133 v 0.893 +/- 0.130 and 0.907 +/- 0.132; 0.840 +/- 0.101 v 0.854 +/- 0.101; and 0.863 +/- 0.10, P <.001); there was a percentage increase of 1.7% after 8 months and 3.3% after 24 months at the spine; at the femoral hip, BMD increased 1.6% after 8 months and 2.7% after 24 months. The group treated only with hypolipidic diet demonstrated after 8 and 24 months a slight decrease in BMD both on the spine and femoral hip (respectively, 0.884 +/- 0.175 v 0.872 +/- 0.174 and 0.861 +/- 0.164; 0.860 +/- 0.110 v 0.853 +/- 0.096 and 0.847 +/- 0.095; P <.05). In conclusion, as partly suggested by retrospective or observational data, this longitudinal study indicates that simvastatin treatment exerts a beneficial effect on BMD.
    Metabolism 06/2004; 53(6):744-8. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fasting and post-prandial hypertriglyceridemia have been associated with endothelial dysfunction. To investigate the effects of a 3-month treatment with fenofibrate (200 mg daily) on endothelial reactivity and inflammatory state in hypertriglyceridemic patients at fast and after an oral fat load. Brachial flow-mediated vasodilation (FMV) and the circulating levels of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM) and vascular cellular adhesion molecule (VCAM) were determined in 10 hypertriglyceridemic patients. Before treatment, post-prandial phase was characterized by an increase in triglycerides (3.7 +/- 1 mmol/L at baseline vs. 4.2 +/- 1, 6.5 +/- 1, 6.6 +/- 2, and 5.3 +/- 2 mmol/L after 2, 4, 6, and 8 h), a decrease in FMV (4.3 +/- 2% at baseline vs. 2.8 +/- 1, 2.2 +/- 1, and 1.3 +/- 1% after 2, 4, and 6 h), and an increase in ICAM and VCAM. After fenofibrate there was a significant reduction in fasting triglycerides (3.7 +/- 1.3 vs. 2.1 +/- 0.8 mmol/L), ICAM (480 +/- 113 vs. 269 +/- 65 ng/mL) and VCAM (1821 +/- 570 vs. 1104 +/- 376 ng/mL), and an increase in FMV (4.3 +/- 2 vs. 7.1 +/- 2%). Post-prandially triglycerides increased (2.1 +/- 1 at baseline vs. 2.4 +/- 2 and 3.6 +/- 1 mmol/L after 4 and 6 h), FMV decreased (7.1 +/- 2 at baseline vs. 5.8 +/- 2, 5.5 +/- 2, 5.9 +/- 2, 6.4 +/- 2% after 2, 4, 6, and 8 h), and there was an increase of ICAM and VCAM. Before therapy post-prandial changes in FMV had an inverse correlation with the changes in triglycerides (r = -0.34; P < 0.05) and ICAM (r = -0.66; P < 0.001). The transient endothelial dysfunction observed in hypertriglyceridemic subjects during post-prandial lipemia is mediated by post-prandial triglyceride increase and by the activation of inflammatory response. The anti-inflammatory activity of fenofibrate may represent an additional mechanism of its favorable action on the endothelial function during fasting and the post-prandial phase.
    Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics 10/2003; 28(5):419-24. · 2.10 Impact Factor