A Gallur

University of Valenciennes and Hainaut-Cambresis, Valenciennes, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France

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Publications (2)2.14 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The interconnections in a porous biomaterial are the pathways between the pores. They conduct cells and vessels between pores. Thus they favour bone ingrowth inside ceramics. The aim of our study was to determine the effect on bone ingrowth of interconnections in two ceramics: hydroxyapatite (HA) and beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP) with the same porosity of about 50% and a mean pores size of 100-300 microm and a mean interconnection size of 30-100 microm. In vitro, four discs for osteoblast culture were studied after 14 and 28 days of incubation. The results show that human osteoblasts can penetrate interconnections over 20 microm in size, and colonize and proliferate inside macropores, but the most favourable size is over 40 microm. In vivo, eight cylinders were implanted in the middle shaft of both rabbit femurs for 12 or 24 weeks. The histomorphometric results show that interconnections in porous ceramics favour bone ingrowth inside the macropores. In the HA group the rate of calcification and bone ingrowth do not differ, and chondroid tissue is observed inside pores. But in beta-TCP, the calcification rate and the bone ingrowth increased significantly. At week 12 significant correlation between new bone ingrowth and the size of the interconnections is observed between new bone ingrowth and the density of pores. In conclusion we notice that in vivo a 20 microm interconnection size only allows cell penetration and chondroid tissue formation; however the size of the interconnections must be over 50 microm to favour new bone ingrowth inside the pores. We propose the concept of "interconnection density" which expresses the quantity of links between pores of porous materials. It assures cell proliferation and differentiation with blood circulation and extracellular liquid exchange. In resorbable materials, pore density and interconnection density are more important than their size, contrary to unresorbable materials in which the sizes and the densities are equally important.
    Journal of Materials Science Materials in Medicine 03/1999; 10(2):111-20. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In order to understand the influence of the implantation site on bone biomaterial evaluation, we implanted cylinders of HA and beta-TCP ceramics in the femoral diaphysis and condyle of rabbits. After 3, 8, 12, and 24 weeks of implantation, histological investigation and histomorphometry were performed on undecalcified samples. Our results show that spontaneous bone healing in the empty cavities is significantly different (p < 0.05) between cortical (SBH > 80%) and cancellous bone sites (SBH < 31%) and that no new bone is formed in marrow tissue. For both porous ceramics, the highest osteogenesis was obtained in the cortical site. Osteogenesis was intermediate in the cancellous site and weak in the medullar site. The material biodegradation was the strongest in the medullar site and higher in the cancellous site than in the cortical site. Both activities were better in the beta-TCP than in the HA (p > 0.05). The marrow tissue presents a foreign-body reaction more reliable, sensitive, and durable than other bone tissues. Therefore, the cancellous bone site is a good site for evaluation of the biofunctionality of biomaterials because of the equilibrium of the osteogenesis and the biodegradation activities, but marrow tissue seems to be better for testing material biocompatibility in vivo.
    Journal of Biomedical Materials Research 12/1998; 42(3):357-67.

Publication Stats

252 Citations
2.14 Total Impact Points


  • 1999
    • University of Valenciennes and Hainaut-Cambresis
      Valenciennes, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France