[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) can have profound and lasting adverse effects on a patient's physical and psychological well-being. So far, only few studies have investigated the effectiveness of physical activity over the entire inpatient phase of an allogeneic HSCT.
We performed a randomized controlled study to examine the influence of a controlled moderate exercise program starting parallel to chemotherapeutic conditioning and total body irradiation on the patient's physical and psychological constitution.
Forty-seven patients undergoing an allogeneic HSCT were randomly assigned to an exercise group (EG) or a control group (CG). While the EG took part in an endurance and activity of daily living-training twice a day, the CG received the clinic's standard physiotherapy program once a day.
Significant differences and/or trends in favor of the EG were observed regarding the primary endpoint endurance performance (P=0.002), muscular strength (P=0.022), fatigue (P=0.046), and emotional state (P=0.028) without posing an additional risk for the individual.
The results show that the training program is feasible and seems to have positive influences on physical performance and quality of life in patients undergoing an allogeneic HSCT. However, further studies are necessary to confirm these results.
European Journal Of Haematology 05/2011; 87(2):148-56. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Treatment options for adults with primary refractory acute myeloid leukaemia (PREF AML) are extremely limited. Although sibling allogeneic stem cell transplantation can result in long-term survival, most patients lack a matched family donor and are destined to die of refractory disease. Greater availability of unrelated donors and improvements in supportive care have increased the proportion of patients with PREF AML in whom allografting is technically feasible, but the outcome of unrelated donor transplantation in this population has not been studied. We therefore analysed overall survival in 168 patients with PREF AML, who underwent unrelated donor transplantation between 1994 and 2006. The 5-year overall survival for the whole group was 22%. In multivariate analysis, fewer than three courses of induction chemotherapy, a lower percentage of bone marrow blasts at transplant and patient cytomegalovirus seropositivity were associated with improved survival. This allowed the development of a scoring system that identified four groups with survival rates between 44±11% and 0%. This study demonstrates an important role for unrelated donor transplantation in the management of selected patients with PREF AML and confirms the importance of initiating an urgent unrelated donor search in patients with no matched sibling donor, who fail to respond to induction chemotherapy.
Leukemia: official journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K 02/2011; 25(5):808-13. · 8.30 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Analysis of donor chimerism is an important diagnostic tool to assess the risk of relapse after allogeneic stem cell transplantation, especially in patients lacking a specific marker suitable for monitoring of minimal residual disease. We prospectively investigated the predictive value of donor chimerism analyses in sorted CD34(+) peripheral blood cells in 90 patients with acute leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome. The cumulative incidence of relapse after four years was significantly increased in cases with decreasing or incomplete CD34(+) donor chimerism (57% vs. 18%, p=0.0001). Multivariate analysis confirmed decreasing CD34(+) donor chimerism as an independent predictor of relapse and inferior survival. The interval between a decrease of CD34(+) chimerism of less than 80% and hematologic relapse was 61 days (range 0-567). Monitoring of CD34(+) donor chimerism in the peripheral blood allows prediction of imminent relapse after allogeneic stem cell transplantation even when a disease-specific marker is lacking.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A haematopoietic SCT (HSCT) can cause severe side effects, which may have a profound impact on a patient's life both physically and psychologically. Some studies have shown that physical activity has positive effects for inpatients after an HSCT. Therefore, the question arises whether a controlled exercise programme right from the beginning of the conditioning phase could help contribute to a patient's physical and psychological recovery. To evaluate the different effects of specific, moderate physical activities on the physical and psychological condition of HSCT patients we performed a controlled randomized study with 64 inpatients undergoing an allogeneic or autologous HSCT. The patients were randomly assigned to two groups. Although the training group took part in a specific programme of exercise therapy twice a day throughout the entire hospitalization phase, patients in the control group were offered the hospital's standard mobilization programme. The results of this study showed significant differences in favour of the training group regarding strength, endurance, lung function and quality of life. However, further studies are needed to confirm these results.
Bone marrow transplantation 08/2009; 45(2):355-62. · 3.00 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Zusammenfassung. Invasive Pilzinfektionen sind schwerwiegende Komplikationen in der Behandlung von Patienten mit hmatologischen Erkrankungen. Systemische Mykosen werden insbesondere begünstigt durch lang anhaltende Neutropenien und durch die Kolonisation mit Pilzen nach lngerer Gabe von Breit-spektrum-Antibiotika. Die Risiken einer systemischen Pilzinfektion sind insbesondere bei der allogenen familiren und unverwandten Knochenmarktransplantation hoch einzuschtzen und mit einep hohen Morbiditt und Mortalitt verbunden. Aus diesen Gründen werden neue Strategien in der Prvention systemischer Pilzinfektionen diskutiert, so zeigt die Einfuhrung von Triazolen und die liposomale Darreichungsform von Amphotericin B neue Möglichkeiten auf, Pilzinfektionen zu verhindern oder diese in ihrem Verlauf positiv zu beeinflussen. In dieser Übersicht werden die Klinik invasiver Pilzinfektionen bei Patienten mit hmatologischen Grunderkrankungen diskutiert und Wege zur antimykotischen Prophylaxe aufgezeichnet.Summary. Severe and prolonged neutropenia and fungal colonization during the long term administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics are well known factors increasing the risk of invasive fungal infections. This is in particular true in patients undergoning allgeneic bone marrow transplantation due to the intensity of the conditioning regimen, the immuno-suppressive effect of allografting and the administration of immunosuppressive agents to prevent graft-versus-host-disease. Therefore, strategies in the prevention of fungal infections decreasing the morbidity and mortality in patients with hematological malignancies need to be developed. In this review, we discussed fungal infections an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with hematological disorders and attempted to provide some insights in the current status of antifungal prophylaxis.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is an effective treatment for myelodysplasia (MDS) and secondary acute myeloid leukemia (sAML). In this study, outcome of 593 patients with MDS/sAML after autologous and allogeneic HCT from a matched unrelated donor (MUD) were compared. A total of 167 (28%) patients received HCT from MUD without prior chemotherapy (MUD-U). The rest received HCT in first complete remission (CR1) (Autologous (Auto-CR1), n=290 (49%), HCT from MUD (MUD-CR1), n=136 (23%)). Survival at 3 years was best in MUD-CR1 (50%) compared to Auto-CR1 (41%) and MUD-U (40%) (P=0.01). Similarly, disease-free survival was 44% for MUD-CR1 compared to Auto-CR1 (28%) and MUD-U (34%) (P=0.03). Treatment-related mortality was 17% in Auto-CR1 compared to MUD-CR1 (38%) and MUD-U (49%) (P<0.001). Relapse for Auto-CR1 was 62% compared to 24 and 30% for MUD-CR1 and MUD-U, respectively (P<0.001). Outcome was best for patients with low tumor burden transplanted 6-12 months after diagnosis. Factors influencing outcome at 3 years were mainly significant in the first 6 months. Only, relapse after autologous HCT remained constant over time. Outcomes after allogeneic HCT in patients of 20-40 and >40 years were similar. Autologous and Allogeneic HCT from MUD offer the possibility of long-term survival to patients with MDS/sAML.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In recent years, reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens before allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) are increasingly used in patients not eligible for conventional conditioning. We did a retrospective, multicenter analysis to assess the feasibility of conditioning with fludarabine and treosulfan before allogeneic SCT in multiple myeloma patients. Thirty-four patients with a median age of 51.5 years were included in the analysis. All patients underwent myeloablation after conditioning followed by stable engraftment, and 29 of 31 evaluable patients (94%) showed early complete hematopoietic chimerism. Non-hematological toxicities were limited and encompassed mainly fever in neutropenia and infections. Grade II-IV acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease was observed in 33 and 39%, respectively. With a median follow-up of 708 days (range 60-1729 days), the median progression-free survival was 180 days. The treatment-related mortality was 10% on day 100 and 25% after 1 year. The median overall survival has not yet been reached. Our data indicate that conditioning with fludarabine and treosulfan before allogeneic SCT is feasible in intensively pretreated multiple myeloma patients and leads to stable engraftment and complete hematopoietic chimerism. Randomized trials are warranted to determine if this approach might be incorporated in an algorithm of multiple myeloma treatment.
Bone Marrow Transplantation 05/2007; 39(7):389-96. · 3.54 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) is best performed with an HLA-identical sibling donor (matched related donor, MRD) to reduce the risk of early complications such as acute graft-vs.-host disease (aGvHD). However, as only about 30% of recipients have an MRD for this potentially curative approach, the use of family donors with one or two mismatches in the HLA-antigens (mismatch related donor, MMRD) or fully matched unrelated donors (MUD) (''alternative donors'') has been introduced in the allogeneic SCT setting in recent years. To evaluate the feasibility of allogeneic SCT from alternative donors by using peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) we initiated a prospective, phase II study in 1996. From April 1996 to July 1998, 18 patients with various hematological malignancies underwent allogeneic SCT from alternative donors (two patients with MUD and 16 patients with MMRD). All patients received stable engraftment and none of the patients had graft rejection. The rate of aGvHD (grades II-IV) and the relapse rate at last follow-up (seven to nine yr after SCT) were with 40% and 24%, respectively, comparable with those found in patients receiving allogeneic SCT from MRD. However, five yr after allogeneic SCT only 17% were alive, which was mainly due to the treatment-related mortality (TRM) rate of 59%. We conclude that allogeneic PBSC transplantation by using alternative donors is associated with an unsatisfying long-term TRM rate. The significance of TRM and particular late deaths has to be evaluated further in this transplantation setting.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Imatinib is an effective treatment for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, relapse is common in patients with advanced or high risk disease. Such patients may be eligible for allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT), raising the question whether imatinib therapy may compromise the outcome of subsequent SCT.
We retrospectively analyzed 70 patients with CML and 21 with Ph+ ALL who had received imatinib prior to SCT. Data were retrieved by directly contacting centers. Multivariate analysis was used to define factors associated with major outcomes (engraftment, graft-versus-host disease, relapse, non-relapse mortality) in addition to descriptive statistics. For the CML patients major outcomes were compared with those of historical controls drawn from the EBMT registry.
At SCT, 44% of CML patients were in accelerated phase or blast crisis and 40% of ALL patients had active disease compared to 84% and 95% prior to imatinib. At 24 months, estimated transplant-related mortality was 44% and estimated relapse mortality 24%. Factors associated with shorter overall and progression-free survival were advanced disease at SCT and a female donor/male recipient pairing. No unusual organ toxicities were observed. Compared to historical controls, prior imatinib treatment did not influence overall survival, progression-free survival or non-relapse mortality, while there was a trend towards higher relapse mortality and significantly less chronic graft-versus-host disease.
Within the limits of a heterogeneous and relatively small cohort of patients, we found no evidence that imatinib negatively affects major outcomes after SCT, suggesting that imatinib prior to SCT is safe.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Results of reduced intensity conditioning regimen (RIC) in the HLA identical haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) setting have not been compared to those after myeloablative (MA) regimen HSCT in patients with acute myeloblastic leukaemia (AML) over 50 years of age. With this aim, outcomes of 315 RIC were compared with 407 MA HSCT recipients. The majority of RIC was fludarabine-based regimen associated to busulphan (BU) (53%) or low-dose total body irradiation (24%). Multivariate analyses of outcomes were used adjusting for differences between both groups. The median follow-up was 13 months. Cytogenetics, FAB classification, WBC count at diagnosis and status of the disease at transplant were not statistically different between the two groups. However, RIC patients were older, transplanted more recently, and more frequently with peripheral blood allogeneic stem cells as compared to MA recipients. In multivariate analysis, acute GVHD (II-IV) and transplant-related mortality were significantly decreased (P=0.01 and P<10(-4), respectively) and relapse incidence was significantly higher (P=0.003) after RIC transplantation. Leukaemia-free survival was not statistically different between the two groups. These results may set the grounds for prospective trials comparing RIC with other strategies of treatment in elderly AML.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Seventy-one patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), most of them (63/71) considered ineligible for conventional allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), were enrolled into a phase 2 study on reduced-intensity myeloablative conditioning with fractionated 8-Gy total body irradiation (TBI) and fludarabine (120 mg/m2). Patients received mobilized peripheral blood stem cells (n = 68) or bone marrow (n = 3) from siblings (n = 39) or unrelated donors (n = 32). Thirty-six patients received a transplant in complete remission (CR) and 35 had untreated or refractory disease (non-CR). Median patient age was 51 years (range, 20-66 years). Sustained engraftment was attained in all evaluable patients. With a median follow-up of 25.9 months (range, 3.7-61.2 months) in surviving patients, probabilities of overall survival for patients who received a transplant in CR and non-CR were 81% and 21% at 2 years, respectively. Relapse-free survival rates were 78% and 16%. The cumulative incidence of nonrelapse mortality (NRM) in CR patients was 8% at 2 years and beyond but amounted to 37% at 2 years in non-CR patients. Outcome data in this poor-risk population indicate that allogeneic HSCT from related or unrelated donors with 8-Gy TBI/fludarabine conditioning is feasible with low NRM and preserved antileukemic activity in AML patients in first or later CR.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A total of 155 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) received hematopoietic stem cell transplants from unrelated donors after standard conditioning. Clinical outcome after the use of two different antithymocyte globulins for the prevention of graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) was analyzed in a retrospective study as follows: rabbit ATG (Thymoglobulin Sangstat/Genzyme, n=49, median age 42 years, 53% in CR, further ATG-S); rabbit ATG (ATG-Fresenius, n=38, median age 42 years, 58% in CR, further ATG-F) or no ATG (n=68, median age 36 years, 55% in CR). The groups were comparable regarding disease status at transplant, age, CMV status and cytogenetics. Grade III-IV acute GvHD was found in 15% in the ATG and 27% in the no ATG group (P=0.44). The most important independent risk factors for chronic GvHD (cGvHD) were the use of ATG, disease status at transplant and conditioning. cGvHD developed significantly more frequently in no ATG group. With the median follow-up of 34 months, the 5-year survival is 42% for those transplanted in CR. To conclude, these data demonstrate that the transplants performed in CR, with ATG, are associated with a good outcome, low incidence of cGvHD and no increase of relapse.
Bone Marrow Transplantation 06/2005; 35(10):1011-8. · 3.54 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We describe successful treatment of a 38-year-old patient with composite lymphoma stage IV(A), who presented with multifocal enlarged lymph nodes. The lymph node histology showed classic morphologic features of Hodgkin's disease, mixed cellularity subtype and follicular B-cell lymphoma. Immunophenotypic analysis showed immunoreactivity for CD20, CD10 and Ki-67 in the malignant small cell population. The areas of Hodgkin's disease demonstrated positive immunoreactivity for CD30 and CD20 in the Hodgkin's cells. Both cell populations were bcl2-oncoprotein positive. Eight courses of dose-escalated BEACOPP were administered. Restaging after chemotherapy showed radiological partial remission, but biopsy confirmed persisting follicular B-cell lymphoma without bone marrow infiltration and no evidence of Hodgkin's disease. He was treated with monoclonal CD 20-antibody (Rituximab) 10 mg/kg weekly for eight consecutive weeks due to marked positivity of CD 20-antigen in follicular lymphoma cells. This treatment was well tolerated and final staging showed complete remission of the composite lymphoma. This patient continues to be in remission 28 months after the end of the treatment. In conclusion, in the very rare case of composite lymphoma a combination of chemotherapy and subsequent immunotherapy might be considered as a promising therapeutic option.
Leukemia and Lymphoma 03/2005; 46(2):285-8. · 2.30 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Treosulphan has recently demonstrated antileukaemic activity and potent haematopoietic stem cell toxicity. Dose-escalated treosulphan (3 x 12 or 3 x 14 g/m2) combined with cyclophosphamide (Cy) was chosen for a new preparative regimen before allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation in 18 patients (median age 44, range 19-64 years) with haematological malignancies, considered ineligible for other myeloablative preparative regimens. Pharmacokinetic studies demonstrated rapid treosulphan plasma clearance and a dose-dependent increase of its maximum plasma concentrations and area under the concentration-time curves. Rapid and sustained white blood cell and platelet recovery and full donor chimerism was attained in all evaluable patients. Nonhaematological regimen-related CTC grades 3-4 adverse events were transient and predominantly consisted of cardiac (28%), gastrointestinal (39%), and hepatic (39%) toxicities. The 1-year nonrelapse mortality was 22%. Principal causes of transplant-related lethal events were infections in three of four affected patients. Only one patient died from regimen-related cardiac toxicity. The 1-year relapse estimate is 22%, overall and progression-free survival estimates are 67 and 56%, respectively. In conclusion, this new treosulphan and Cy combination is an effective, comparatively well-tolerated myeloablative preparative regimen even in patients with an increased risk for regimen-related toxic complications.
Bone Marrow Transplantation 03/2005; 35(3):233-41. · 3.54 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The long-term follow-up of a study including 214 patients receiving either peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) or bone marrow (BM) from an HLA-A, -B, and -DR-compatible unrelated donor is presented. Median follow-up was 4.4 (2.3-7.3) and 5.0 (0.7-8.4) years in the 2 groups, respectively. Cumulative incidence of overall chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was similar in the 2 groups (78% vs 71%), while extensive chronic GVHD was significantly more common in the PBSC group compared with the BM group (39% vs 24%, P = .03). The 5-year transplant-related mortality (TRM) was 37% in the PBSC group and 35% in the BM controls (P = .7), and overall survival was 42% in both groups. The relapse incidences were 26% and 27% in the 2 groups, respectively, resulting in a disease-free survival of 41% in both groups. In conclusion, PBSCs from HLA-compatible unrelated donors results in similar outcome compared to BM but implies an increased risk for extensive chronic GVHD.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We evaluated prognostic factors of melphalan/fludarabine-based dose-reduced allografts in patients with multiple myeloma. From 1998 to 2002, 120 patients with multiple myeloma were treated with melphalan/fludarabine followed by allogeneic stem cell transplantation. The cumulative risk at 1 year for treatment-related mortality (TRM) was 18% (95% confidence interval [CI], 12%-28%). In a multivariate analysis, relapse after prior high-dose chemotherapy was the most significant risk factor for TRM (hazard ratio [HR], 2.80; 95% CI, 1.16-6.74; P =.02), relapse (HR, 4.14; 95% CI, 2.04-8.38; P <.001), event-free survival (HR, 3.11; 95% CI, 1.77-5.46; P <.001), and overall survival (HR, 2.69; 95% CI, 1.35-5.35; P =.005). In addition, relapse was also significantly diminished by chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in a time-dependent Cox model (HR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.16-0.87; P =.02). At transplantation, 8% of the patients were in complete remission, whereas 27% had progressive disease. After allografting, 49% achieved complete remission, and 38% achieved partial remission. In a subgroup of patients with chemosensitivity at transplantation and no relapse after prior high-dose chemotherapy who underwent transplantation with peripheral blood stem cells (n = 46), the cumulative risk of TRM at 1 year was only 8% (95% CI, 1%-54%). The 2-year estimated event-free and overall survival was 60% (95% CI, 42%-78%) and 75% (95% CI, 59%-91%), respectively, for related donors (n = 34) and was 81% (95% CI, 59%-100%) and 92% (95% CI, 76%-100%), respectively, for unrelated donors (n = 12).
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation 10/2004; 10(10):698-708. · 3.94 Impact Factor