Publications (3)5.6 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Crocus heuffelianus belongs to the C. vernus (Iridaceae) species aggregate. In the Carpathian Basin and particularly in Hungary it is considered an endangered species. Therefore our aim was to establish a tissue culture system with potential of germplasm preservation of this taxon. For in vitro culture experiments, shoot primordia from corms were the most suitable. We induced an embryogenic callus line from those explants on basal Murashige-Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with Gamborg’s vitamins, 2% (w/v) sucrose, 10mgl−1 (53.7μM) α-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and 1mgl−1 (4.44μM) 6-benzyladenine (BA). Globular stage embryos developed on this medium and several culture conditions were used in an attempt to obtain mature embryos and plant regeneration. Firstly a decrease of auxin/cytokinin concentration and ratio, then secondly a decrease in the strength of culture medium and the concentration of carbon source was used, which was effective in embryogenesis and the production of plants. Regeneration medium used in the second step was fourfold diluted MS medium and Gamborg’s vitamins supplemented with 1% (w/v) sucrose, 0.05mgl−1 (0.26μM) NAA and 0.5mgl−1 (2.22μM) BA, with a 14/10h photoperiod. Under these conditions we could detect all the stages of somatic embryo development characteristic for Iridaceae. This is the first report demonstrating the production of stable tissue culture of C. heuffelianus with potential use in germplasm preservation via plant regeneration. This study could also contribute to a better understanding of somatic embryogenesis in the Crocus genus.Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture 05/2012; 100(3):349-353. · 3.09 Impact Factor
Article: Cylindrospermopsin induces alterations of root histology and microtubule organization in common reed (Phragmites australis) plantlets cultured in vitro.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We aimed to study the histological and cytological alterations induced by cylindrospermopsin (CYN), a protein synthesis inhibitory cyanotoxin in roots of common reed (Phragmites australis). Reed is an ecologically important emergent aquatic macrophyte, a model for studying cyanotoxin effects. We analyzed the histology and cytology of reed roots originated from tissue cultures and treated with 0.5-40 microg ml(-1) (1.2-96.4 microM) CYN. The cyanotoxin decreased root elongation at significantly lower concentrations than the elongation of shoots. As general stress responses of plants to phytotoxins, CYN increased root number and induced the formation of a callus-like tissue and necrosis in root cortex. Callus-like root cortex consisted of radially swollen cells that correlated with the reorientation of microtubules (MTs) and the decrease of MT density in the elongation zone. Concomitantly, the cyanotoxin did not decrease, rather it increased the amount of beta-tubulin in reed plantlets. CYN caused the formation of double preprophase bands; the disruption of mitotic spindles led to incomplete sister chromatid separation and disrupted phragmoplasts in root tip meristems. This work shows that CYN alters reed growth and anatomy through the alteration of MT organization.Toxicon 06/2009; 54(4):440-9. · 2.51 Impact Factor
Article: Genotype and explant-type dependent morphogenesis and silicon response of common reed (Phragmites australis) tissue cultures[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The effects of silicon on the growth and development of Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. Ex Steud. (common reed) stem nodal and root embryogenic calli were investigated. Silicon is considered to be a beneficial or quasi-essential nutrient for several Gramineaceous plants, including reed. Seven callus lines of four geographical locations (genotypes 1–4) within Hungary were investigated. Callus lines 1A, 2A and 3A were produced from stem nodal explants, while lines 1B, 2B, 3B and 4 were produced from roots. For the assay of silicon-dependent growth of callus lines of identical genotype but originating from different explants, we measured the increase of fresh weight of lines 1A and 1B. The studied developmental parameters were the increase of the number of somatic embryos (for callus lines 1A and 1B) and plant or root production from somatic embryos (for all genotypes/callus lines). Silicon was added to the culture medium as sodium silicate. In control cultures, plant or root regeneration from embryogenic calli was strongly genotype- and explant type-dependent. Stem nodal explants developed plants on regeneration medium in case of callus lines 2A and 3A, while line 1A produced roots only. All root derived calli developed roots on regeneration medium. Silicon stimulated the growth of both stem nodal and root calli (callus lines 1A, B) however, the concentration optima were different. Somatic embryogenesis of root calli, but not of stem nodal calli, was stimulated by silicate at low concentrations. However, for both of these callus lines, root development was stimulated by silicon. It had genotype-dependent influences on plant regeneration: while stimulation was observed in case of callus line 2A, inhibition occurred for line 3A. Root morphogenesis on calli was significantly influenced by silicon and depended on the callus line studied. Root production was stimulated on callus lines 1A, B and 2B, while in case of callus line 3B, it was significantly inhibited. The morphogenetic effects of Si were similar for different explants of the same geographical origin, i.e. plant or root production was similarly stimulated or inhibited by this element. We can conclude that the effects of Si on plant or root development depend on reed genotype used for callus induction. Its effect on growth and somatic embryogenesis depends on the explant type used for callus production. This is the first detailed report on the role of silicon in plant vegetative development and morphogenesis of a Gramineaceous plant.Aquatic Botany. 97(1):57-63.