Zi-Ping Wang

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (6)0 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To explore the association between different epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status and survival in pemetrexed-based chemotherapy for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A retrospective cohort study was performed to assess 146 patients with advanced NSCLC at Cancer Institute/Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College. The first-line regimens included pemetrexed based chemotherapy (pemetrexed first-line therapy group, n = 79), pemetrexed based chemotherapy plus pemetrexed maintenance chemotherapy (pemetrexed maintenance therapy group, n = 38) and pemetrexed based chemotherapy plus tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) maintenance therapy (TKI maintenance therapy group, n = 29). Median progression-free survival (PFS) was determined.For comparison, median PFS was evaluated for EGFR-positive,EGFR-negative versus EGFR mutation unknown NSCLC patients in first-line pemetrexed therapy and pemetrexed maintenance therapy groups. The median PFS was 4.6 (95%CI: 2.8-6.4), 9.8 (95%CI: 6.1-13.5) and 14.5 (95%CI: 11.8-17.2) months in pemetrexed first-line therapy, pemetrexed maintenance therapy and TKI maintenance therapy groups respectively (P = 0.000). No difference existed in PFS for pemetrexed first-line therapy group with a median PFS of 5.2 (95%CI: 2.8-7.7), 4.0 (95%CI: 0-10.8) and 4.6 (95%CI: 3.4-5.8) months respectively (P = 0.661). Among EGFR-positive,EGFR-negative and EGFR mutation status unknown patients in pemetrexed maintenance therapy group, the median PFS was 8.5 (95%CI: 4.0-13.1), 12.6 (95%CI: 11.6-13.7) and 8.0 (95%CI: 5.8-10.3) months with no significant statistical difference (P = 0.468). No significant difference exists in survival between different EGFR mutation status for pemetrexed based first-line chemotherapy. And TKI maintenance therapy is associated with better survival than pemetrexed maintenance therapy regardless of EGFR status.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 12/2013; 93(46):3659-62.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy of erlotinib in patients with metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer who had benefits from initial gefitinib treatment but finally demonstrated resistance, especially in those of unknown EGFR mutation status, and to compare the efficacy of erlotinib between patients who received erlotinib immediately after gefitinib failure and those who received chemotherapy before erlotinib. Forty Chinese patients who had been treated with erlotinib (150 mg daily) after gefitinib (250 mg daily) failure were evaluated retrospectively. All of these patients had achieved gefitinib treatment for at least three months with response of partial remission or stable disease. Among them, 16 patients shifted to erlotinib immediately after progression (Group G-E), and the other 24 patients inserted chemotherapy between gefitinib and erlotinib (Group G-C-E). In the whole group, the disease control rate (DCR) of erlotinib was 52.5% (21/40) while the objective response rate (RR) was only 10.0% (4/40). The RR of the group G-E was 6.2% and the group G-C-E was 12.5%, and the DCR was 56.2% and 50.0% in the two groups, respectively, both without significant differences (P = 0.638 and P = 0.755). There was no correlation between the efficacy of erlotinib and that of initial gefitinib in both group G-E and group G-C-E (P = 0.365 and P = 0.658). The median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) for the erlotinib treatment were 3.0 and 12.0 months in the 40 patients. Statistically no significant difference was observed in PFS (4 months in the group G-E and 2 months in the group G-C-E, P = 0.768) and OS (12 months in both Groups, P = 0.510). Erlotinib can be considered either immediately after gefitinib failure or following the insertion of chemotherapy after gefitinib failure in progressive non-small cell lung cancer patients who initially benefited from gefitinib.
    Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 10/2012; 34(10):780-4.
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the chemotherapeutic efficacies of third-generation plus platinum doublets in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. A total of 1112 patients were diagnosed as advanced NSCLC at Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Cancer Hospital from January 2005 to August 2009. Their clinical efficacies and regimen compositions were retrospectively analyzed. All calculations were performed by SPSS 17.0. Differences in objective response rate (ORR) existed among four third-generation agents (paclitaxel, gemcitabine, vinorelbine and docetaxel) plus platinum doublets. Their ORRs were 35.6%, 35.4%, 25.9% and 37.4% respectively (χ(2) = 16.331, P = 0.001). And vinorelbine doublets had the lowest ORR (all P < 0.01). The ORRs of cisplatin and carboplatin doublets were 35.2% and 33.5% respectively. There was no difference in ORR among them (χ(2) = 0.352, P = 0.569). Subgroup analysis showed that the ORRs of four third generation plus platinum doublets were 34.8%, 35.3%, 23.2% and 37.1% in non-agers. And the vinorelbine doublets performed the worst. In the patients with squamous-cell lung cancer, the ORRs of paclitaxel and gemcitabine doublets were 45.5% and 28.4% respectively. And the paclitaxel doublets had the better performance (χ(2) = 5.250, P = 0.026). When combined with carboplatin, the ORRs of four doublets were 36.2%, 16.7%, 15.4% and 32.0% respectively. And the paclitaxel regimen was more effective than the gemcitabine and vinorelbine regimens (P = 0.018 and P = 0.034). The influences of subsequent therapy were nullified when the progression-free survival (PFS) was analyzed. The PFSs of these doublets were (3.67 ± 0.19), (2.95 ± 0.18), (3.05 ± 0.36) and (3.40 ± 0.37) months respectively. There was no difference among them. Pairwise comparisons showed that the mean PFS of patients on paclitaxel doublets was longer than those on gemcitabine doublets. And their PFSs were (3.67 ± 0.19) and (2.95 ± 0.18) months respectively (χ(2) = 7.037, P = 0.008). The PFSs of cisplatin and carboplatin doublets were (3.05 ± 0.14) and (3.65 ± 0.20) months respectively. The patients on carboplatin doublets had a longer PFS than that of those on cisplatin doublets (χ(2) = 6.012, P = 0.014). No difference exist in ORRs among different third-generation plus platinum doublets. But as the first-line treatment of advanced NSCLC, carboplatin doublets is superior to cisplatin doublets in terms of PFS.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 06/2012; 92(22):1527-31.
  • Zi-ping Wang, Yu-tao Liu, Juan Yang
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the prognostic factors and their impact on survival of patients with cancer of unknown primary (CUP). The clinical and follow up data of 154 CUP patients referred to the Cancer Hospital & Institute, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2007 were analyzed. Multivariate analysis of survival was performed using recursive partitioning referred to as classification and regression tree (CART) analysis. The median survival for 154 eligible consecutive CUP patients was 18.2 months, and the 5-year survival rate was 1.3%. CART was performed with an initial split on age of 34, and 5 terminal subgroups were formed. The median survival of the 5 subsets ranged from 5.5 months (younger than 34 years old subgroup) to 61.8 months for patients at age of 34 to 60, with one or two organ sites involved, and non-adenocarcinoma histology subsets. CART can be used to identify previously unappreciated patient subsets and is a useful method for dissecting complex clinical situations and identifying homogeneous patient populations in clinical practice and future clinical trials.
    Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 09/2010; 32(9):690-3.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy, toxicity and safety of doxorubicin combined with domestically produced docetaxel versus with taxotere, and to investigate whether these two regimens result in similar outcomes in the treatment for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who failed previous platinum-based chemotherapy. Eighty-eight NSCLC patients were enrolled into this clinical phase II trial. The patients randomly received either domestic docetaxel (study arm) or taxotere (control arm) at a dose of 70 mg/m2 on D2, while doxorubicin at a dose of 40 mg/m2 on D1 was administered in both groups. It was repeated every 3 weeks, totally for three cycles. No granulocyte colony-stimulating factor was used to prevent granulocytopenia. The response rate and toxicity were evaluated using World Health Organization toxicity scale and Karnofsky performance status scale. Of the 88 patients, 81 were evaluable in terms of efficacy. There was no complete responder in this series. The response rate (RR) was 17.1% in the study arm versus 7.5% in the control arm, and the clinical benefit rate (CBR) was 80.5% in the study group versus 72.5% in the control group. The most frequent grade 3 or 4 toxicities were neutropenia, leucopenia and gastrointestinal symptoms. Other toxicities such as alopecia and vomiting were mild and generally well tolerated. No fluid retention was noticed. The administration of doxorubicin 40 mg/m2 on D1 combined with domestic docetaxel 70 mg/m2 on D2 is proved to be as effective and tolerable as with taxotere. The domestic drug docetaxel may be considered as an alternative for patients with non-small-cell lung cancer who failed previous platinum-based chemotherapy.
    Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 07/2008; 30(6):465-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy, toxicity and safety of an new domestic docetaxel in the treatment of pretreated advanced breast cancer. Fourty-four breast cancer patients who had failed in first-line chemotherapy were included in this trial. They received docetaxel as the second-line chemotherapy. Docetaxel was administered alone at a dose of 70 mg/m2 every 3 weeks. The use of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor to prevent granulocytopenia was not permitted. The response rate and toxicity were evaluated by World Health Organization toxicity scale and performance status by Karnofsky scale. Of the 41 evaluable patients, 4 achieved complete response and 14 partial remission, with a response rate and clinical benefit rate of 43.9% and 85.4%, respectively. Grade 3 or grade 4 neutropenia developed in 42.9%, alopecia in 7.1% and vomiting in 4.8% of these patients. Fluid retention was not observed in this series. Three-week administration of docetaxel alone at a dose of 70 mg/m2 is effective and tolerable. It provides an alternative for the pretreated advanced breast cancer patients.
    Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 07/2006; 28(6):468-70.