ABSTRACT: In order to establish the chemical biological technology for production of valuable secondary metabolites, a novel family of unnatural elicitors derived from the plant activator benzo-1,2,3-thiadiazole-7-carboxylic acid were designed and synthesized. New synthetic elicitors that showed powerful eliciting activities upon taxoid biosynthesis by Taxus chinensis suspension cells were obtained. For example, benzo-1,2,3-thiadiazole-7-carboxylic acid 2-(2-hydroxybenzoxyl)ethyl ester was more effective and resulted in nearly 40% increase in taxuyunnanine C content and production in comparison with methyl jasmonate, which was previously reported as the most powerful chemical elicitor for taxoid biosynthesis. The novel class of elicitors was found to induce plant defense responses, including promotion of H(2)O(2) levels originating from oxidative burst and activation of phenylalanine ammonia lyase. Interestingly the plant defense responses induced corresponded well to the superior stimulating activity in T. chinensis cell cultures. The work indicates that the newly synthesized benzothiadiazoles can act as a new family of elicitors for taxoid biosynthesis in plant cells.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 12/2006; 54(23):8793-8. · 2.82 Impact Factor