Yun-Peng He

Sun Yat-Sen University of Medical Sciences, Shengcheng, Guangdong, China

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Publications (2)0 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To observe the relationship between activity of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ (PPARγ) in nucleated cell and level of pro-inflammatory mediator interleukin-6 (IL-6) in plasma of rats with sepsis. According to the random number table, 90 male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into three groups, namely control group, sham operation group and sepsis group. Each group was further divided into three subgroups according to postoperative time points, i.e. 12, 24 and 48-hour subgroups. Each subgroup consisted of 10 rats. Sepsis was reproduced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). The PPARγ activity in nucleated cells and IL-6 level in plasma were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The PPARγ activity in nucleated cells was significantly decreased at 12, 24 and 48 hours in sepsis group (A value: 0.279±0.004, 0.264±0.009, 0.245±0.012) compared with control group (0.292±0.007, 0.293±0.004, 0.293±0.005) and sham operation group (0.295±0.008, 0.295±0.006, 0.294±0.007), while the IL-6 level was significantly increased in sepsis group (ng/L: 365.25±15.53, 507.16±20.86, 437.89±25.09) compared with control group (43.54±11.10, 48.82±10.62, 42.96±9.52) and sham operation group (42.43±6.77, 40.32±6.48, 44.10±9.36, all P<0.05). When septic condition became worse, the PPARγ activity in nucleated cells of sepsis group lowered, and IL-6 level was gradually elevated after operation, reaching the peak at 24 hours, and then gradually lowered, and the difference of the value between any two time points was all statistically significant (all P<0.05). There was a negative correlation between the PPARγ activity in nucleated cells and IL-6 level in 12-hour subgroup of sepsis group (r=-0.703, P=0.023). In septic rats, the PPARγ activity in nucleated cells was lowered while the pro-inflammatory mediator IL-6 level in plasma elevated, and there was a negative correlation between PPARγ activity and IL-6 level.
    Zhongguo wei zhong bing ji jiu yi xue = Chinese critical care medicine = Zhongguo weizhongbing jijiuyixue 05/2011; 23(5):302-4.
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    ABSTRACT: To study changes in the levels of systematic and airway local oxidative stress in patients in different stages of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD), and explore the association between oxidative stress and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) level in the peripheral blood leukocytes. The levels of malonaldehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) in induced sputum and plasma, as well as GR levels in peripheral blood leukocytes and plasma levels of cortisol and adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH), were examined in 33 patients with acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD, group A), 27 with stable COPD (group B), and 28 healthy volunteers (including 15 smokers as group C, and 15 nonsmokers as group D). MDA level in induced sputum and plasma decreased, whereas the levels of GSH, SOD and GSH-PX increased significantly in the order of groups A, B, C, and D (P<0.05). The activity of SOD in induced sputum and plasma were significantly lower in group C than in group D. No significant difference was noted in the other oxidative stress indices between groups C and D (P>0.05). The plasma levels of cortisol and ACTH showed no significant difference between the 4 groups, while the GR level in peripheral blood leukocytes increased significantly in the order of groups A, B, C and D (1565-/+719, 2069-/+488, 2739-/+926, and 4793 -/+1415 U, respectively, P<0.05). After controlling for the factor of smoking status, the plasma and sputum SOD activity were both positively correlated to GR, with the partial correlation coefficient of 0.512 and 0.564, respectively (P<0.001). Patients in different stages of COPD, especially those with AECOPD, may sustain systematic and local oxidation and anti-oxidation imbalance. Decreased SOD activity may contribute to GR level decrement in peripheral blood leukocytes in these patients.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 06/2008; 28(6):992-6.