ABSTRACT: A simple and fast protein assay that involves the binding of water-soluble sulfonate heptamethylene cyanine to protein is described. The binding of the dye to protein causes a shift in the absorption maximum of the dye from 778 to 904 nm, and the increase in absorption at 904 nm is monitored. This assay is very reproducible, of good color stability for at least 80 min, and sensitive at the 100 ng/mL level of human serum albumin (HSA) when a spectrophotometer with near-infrared wavelength is used to measure absorbance. Few chemicals except ionic surfactants such as cetyltrimethylammonium bromide and sodium dodecyl sulfonate interfere with the assay. Purified proteins have different capacities to interact with the dye; under the experimental conditions, the linear ranges of bovine serum albumin (BSA), HSA and gamma-IgG were 200-2000, 100-2400, and 200-3000 ng/mL, respectively. The relative standard deviation for the five replicate determinations of 1200 ng/mL BSA is 2.1%.
Analytical Biochemistry 08/2003; 318(1):86-90. · 3.00 Impact Factor