Y Saika

Osaka Medical College, Takatuki, Ōsaka, Japan

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Publications (15)11.45 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A 50-year-old woman with a past history of breast cancer was referred to our department of radiology for detailed examination after abnormal shadows on chest x-ray were detected following a routine medical examination. After lung biopsy via thoracotomy, segmental resection of the lung was performed and mediastinal lymph nodes were dissected. A histopathological diagnosis of breast cancer with lung metastasis and mediastinal lymph-node metastases was made. Later, the patient complained of pain in the left lower extremity. A diagnosis of a left tibial metastasis was made according to bone scintigraphy and MRI. Radiation therapy at 50 Gy was then initiated. Chemotherapy and hormone therapy combined with bisphosphonate therapy (Bisphonal, once in 2 weeks), was also begun. During the treatment, the patient had multiple organ metastases including multiple brain metastases, and metastases to submental lymph nodes and the left adrenal gland. However, her bone metastasis was limited to the left tibial bone and no other bone lesions were detected by bone scintigraphy and MRI. She did not experience adverse effects from the bisphosphonate therapy. We consider that the inhibition of extension and further metastases of the tibial bone metastasis noted in this patient reflected the efficacy of bisphosphonate therapy, and that bisphosphonate therapy might become an essential treatment in patients with bone metastasis of breast cancer.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 11/2002; 29(10):1795-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this clinical study using iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy were (a) to evaluate cardiac sympathetic denervation in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients with and without hypertension and (b) to investigate the relation between cardiac sympathetic denervation and prognosis in NIDDM patients. We compared clinical characteristics and MIBG data [heart to mediastinum (H/M) ratio and % washout rate (WR)] in a control group and NIDDM patients with and without hypertension. MIBG scintigraphy was performed in 11 controls and 82 NIDDM patients without overt cardiovascular disease except for hypertension (systolic blood pressure >/=140 and/or diastolic blood pressure >/=90 mmHg). After MIBG examination, blood pressure was measured regularly in all NIDDM patients. There were significant differences between 65 normotensive and 17 hypertensive NIDDM patients with respect to age (55+/-11 vs 63+/-12 years, respectively, P<0.05), prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (12% vs 35%, respectively, P<0.05) and systolic blood pressure (120+/-12 vs 145+/-16 mmHg, respectively, P<0.001). The H/M ratio in hypertensive NIDDM patients was significantly lower than in the control group (1. 81+/-0.29 vs 2.27+/-0.20, respectively, P<0.01). During the follow-up period (18+/- 12 months), 17 NIDDM patients newly developed hypertension after MIBG examination. There were no significant differences in their clinical characteristics compared with persistently normotensive or hypertensive NIDDM patients. %WR in patients with new onset hypertension was significantly higher than in the control group (30.88%+/-16.87% vs 12.89%+/-11.94%, respectively, P<0.05). Moreover, in these patients %WR correlated with duration from the date of MIBG scintigraphy to the onset of hypertension (r=-0.512, P<0.05). Five NIDDM patients died during the follow-up period (four newly hypertensive patients and one normotensive patient). There were significant statistical differences between the control group and non-survivors in terms of age (54+/-11 vs 73+/-11 years, respectively, P<0.01), H/M ratio (2. 27+/- 0.20 vs 1.64+/-0.36, respectively, P<0.01) and %WR (12. 89%+/-11.94% vs 42.52%+/-22.39%, respectively, P<0.01). In conclusion, cardiac sympathetic denervation using MIBG scintigraphy observed in hypertensive NIDDM patients, and was more profound in non-survivors. MIBG scintigraphy proved useful for the evaluation of NIDDM patients with new onset hypertension, and it was found that NIDDM patients with abnormalities on MIBG scintigraphy needed to be observe carefully.
    European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 10/1999; 26(10):1310-6.
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    ABSTRACT: 201Tl-SPECT was performed to diagnose the malignancy of bone and soft tissue tumors by visual and quantitative assessment in 48 patients (17 malignant lesions and 31 benign lesions). SPECT images were obtained in the early phase (15 min after injection) and the delayed phase (240 min). By visual assessment a tumor was considered malignant if high accumulation was found in the tumor in the early phase and the accumulation was confirmed in the delayed phase. Tumors which did not meet these criteria were considered benign. For quantitative assessment, the ROI (region of interest) accumulation ratios of the tumor to the contralateral normal tissue in the early phase (ER) and in the delayed phase (DR), the ROI accumulation ratio of the delayed phase to the early phase of the tumor (Td/Te), and the ROI accumulation ratio of the delayed phase to the early phase of the contralateral normal tissue (Nd/Ne) were obtained. Sixteen patients with malignant tumors each had a high accumulation each but 12 of 31 benign lesions had no high accumulation on visual assessment. Furthermore, the accuracy was 85.4%, sensitivity 94.1%, and specificity 80.6%. Quantitative assessment was performed for 36 cases of high accumulation. The ER of malignant and benign lesions was 5.51 +/- 3.73 and 2.75 +/- 2.17, respectively, and the ER of malignant lesions was significantly higher than that of benign lesions. The DR did not demonstrate a significant difference. If the tumor having an ER greater than 3.9 was assumed to be malignant, the accuracy for differentiating malignant lesions from benign lesions was 85.4%. The Td/Te of benign lesions (0.97 +/- 0.28) was higher than that of malignant lesions (0.77 +/- 0.09). The Nd/Ne of normal tissue which contained muscles in both lesions were higher than 1.4. In conclusion, 201Tl-SPECT was very useful for the differential diagnosis of benign or malignant bone and soft tissue tumors. The ER was important for quantitative assessment, but a delayed image was necessary for visual assessment.
    Kaku igaku. The Japanese journal of nuclear medicine 05/1999; 36(3):219-28.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was undertaken to examine the effects of aldose reductase inhibitor (ARI) and vitamin B12 (VB12) on myocardial uptake of iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) in patients with diabetic autonomic disorder. Myocardial scintigraphy using 123I-MIBG was performed on 20 healthy volunteers (controls) and 56 patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), in order to obtain the heart/mediastinum ratio in the initial (HMi) and the delayed images (HMd), and the washout rate (%WR). Thirty-four of the 56 NIDDM patients could be diagnosed as having diabetic autonomic disorder by evaluating their scintigraphic findings in comparison with the controls. Seventeen of these 34 patients received 150 mg/day of doses before meals, and the other 17 received 1.5 mg/day of mecobalamin (VB12 group) in three divided doses after meals, for 3-5 months. According to the presence or absence of clinical symptoms of autonomic or peripheral somatic nerve disorder, the patients were subclassified into four groups. group 1=patients, with autonomic symptoms or somatosensory disorder in the ARI group; group 2=patients without autonomic symptoms or somatosensory disorder in the ARI group; group 3=patients with autonomic symptoms or somatosensory disorder in the VB12 group; and group 4=patients without autonomic symptoms or somatosensory disorder in the VB12 group. After completion of the treatment, myocardial scintigraphy was performed again. Comparing the results obtained before and after the treatment, it was seen that ARI improved only the HMi in group 1 (P=0.046), whereas VB12 significantly improved HMi in the group 3 (P=0.018) and HMi, HMd and %WR in group 4 (P=0.043, P=0.018 and P=0.043, respectively). We conclude that VB12 is more efficacious than ARI in the treatment of diabetic cardiovascular autonomic disorder.
    European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 01/1999; 25(12):1643-8.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was undertaken to examine the effects of aldose reductase inhibitor (ARI) and vitamin B12 (VB12) on myocardial uptake of iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) in patients with diabetic autonomic disorder. Myocardial scintigraphy using 123I-MIBG was performed on 20 healthy volunteers (controls) and 56 patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), in order to obtain the heart/mediastinum ratio in the initial (HMi) and the delayed images (HMd), and the washout rate (%WR). Thirty-four of the 56 NIDDM patients could be diagnosed as having diabetic autonomic disorder by evaluating their scintigraphic findings in comparison with the controls. Seventeen of these 34 patients received 150mg/day of epalrestat (ARI group) in three divided doses before meals, and the other 17 received 1.5mg/day of mecobalamin (VB12 group) in three divided doses after meals, for 3–5 months. According to the presence or absence of clinical symptoms of autonomic or peripheral somatic nerve disorder, the patients were subclassified into four groups. group 1=patients, with autonomic symptoms or somatosensory disorder in the ARI group; group 2=patients without autonomic symptoms or somatosensory disorder in the ARI group; group 3=patients with autonomic symptoms or somatosensory disorder in the VB12 group; and group 4=patients without autonomic symptoms or somatosensory disorder in the VB12 group. After completion of the treatment, myocardial scintigraphy was performed again. Comparing the results obtained before and after the treatment, it was seen that ARI improved only the HMi in group 1 (P=0.046), whereas VB12 significantly improved HMi in the group 3 (P=0.018) and HMi, HMd and %WR in group 4 (P=0.043, P=0.018 and P=0.043, respectively). We conclude that VB12 is more efficacious than ARI in the treatment of diabetic cardiovascular autonomic disorder.
    European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging 11/1998; 25(12):1643-1648. · 5.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the quality of three-dimensional (3D) images of the abdominal vasculature acquired using enhanced helical CT, 3D reconstructions were performed for 43 examinations (38 patients). Twenty-one of 43 examinations were also reconstructed by Maximum Intensity Projection (MIP). The CT scanner employed was the Toshiba Xforce. Helical CT data were acquired using up to 20 continuous 1.5-sec rotations with an X-ray beam width of 5 mm and a couchtop movement speed of 5 to 10 mm/1.5 sec. Axial images were reconstructed at a section interval of 2 mm. Optimal protocol on enhanced helical CT was as follows: Iopamidol 300 mg I/ml was administered intravenously using a biphasic technique (3-4 ml/sec for the initial 100 ml, followed by 0.7-1.5 ml for the remaining 50 ml), and delay times of the early and late phases were 25-35 and 90 sec, respectively. Aortic branches were clearly demonstrated on early phase, while portal branches were well defined on late phase. In the visualization of abdominal vessels, 3D images were nearly equal to MIP images. However, for anteroposterior images, MIP images were superior to 3D images in quality, because 3D images had some longitudinal direction artifacts. Three-dimensional images were considered to be useful for correctly evaluating overlapping abdominal vasculatures. From the above results, 3D and MIP images of the abdominal vasculature obtained using enhanced helical CT were considered to compensate for each other.
    Nihon Igaku Hoshasen Gakkai zasshi. Nippon acta radiologica 12/1995; 55(14):946-51.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the use of blueberry juice as an oral contrast agent in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MR imaging of phantoms of blueberry juice and of manganese chloride solutions with different manganese concentrations were conducted. Patient trials were conducted to evaluate manganese blood levels and signal intensity changes on MR images of the abdomen. T1- and T2-weighted conventional spin-echo MR imaging was performed at various field strengths. Six radiologists graded image contrast; signal intensities were calculated. T1 and T2 relaxation curves for blueberry juice and manganese chloride showed similar signal intensity profiles as a function of manganese concentration. Blood concentrations of manganese were unchanged before and after an oral dose of blueberry juice that contained 18 mg of manganese. The results of patient studies indicated that the optimal oral dose of manganese in blueberry juice was 3-4 mg/dL. T1 and T2 shortening were apparent at field strengths of 0.2-1.5 T. At appropriate concentrations, blueberry juice has the potential to be an effective oral contrast agent for MR imaging.
    Radiology 02/1995; 194(1):119-23. · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myocardial relaxation at the diastolic phase was not evaluated by multi-gated myocardial SPECT, although myocardial contraction at the systolic phase was studied by percent wall thickening and Bull's eye methods. We make out a myocardial volume curve and report to evaluate the myocardial relaxation using multi-gated myocardial SPECT. The study population consisted of 3 normal human subjects (3 male, 32-37 years old), 10 idiopathic cardiomyopathy, 10 coronary artery disease and 1 hypertensive heart disease combined with aortic regurgitation. All cases were injected 555 MBq of 99mTc-tetrofosmin (Amersham Healthcare Corporation) intravenously at rest. A triple detector gamma-camera (GCA-9300A, Toshiba Medical, Japan) and a data processing computer (GMS-5500A, Toshiba Medical, Japan) were used in this study. A cardiac cycle (R-R interval) was divided by 16 frames (50-80 msec per 1 frame). Eight myocardial volume curves were calculated at the anterior wall, apex and inferior wall of the vertical long axis view and were calculated at the septal wall, apex and lateral wall of the horizontal long axis view, respectively. The patterns of the myocardial volume curves were classified into 5 patterns (Normal pattern (N), Delayed Contraction pattern (DC), Delayed Relaxation pattern (DR), Mixed pattern (M) and Normal pattern with Decreased amplitude (ND)). Myocardial uptake was evaluated visually of grading into severe hypertrophy (5), hypertrophy (4), normal (3), mild hypoperfusion (2), hypoperfusion (1) and perfusion defect (0). We compared patterns of the myocardial volume curves to myocardial uptake in the same segments. It was possible to detect myocardial edge of the total 16 frames with 50-60% threshold in the normal volunteer and in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and to make a myocardial volume curve. The region of the severe myocardial perfusion defect could be detected with 20% threshold in patients with old myocardial infarction. In comparison with myocardial volume curves and myocardial uptake, 74.6% in the N pattern had a normal uptake (3), 66.7% in the ND pattern had a normal uptake (3), 61.5% in the DC pattern had a hypoperfusion segment (0, 1 or fill-in to normal uptake), 44.4% in the DR pattern had a hypertrophic segment (4, 5 or fill-in to increased uptake). The pattern of myocardial volume curve indicates myocardial contractility and relaxation in each myocardial segment.
    Kaku igaku. The Japanese journal of nuclear medicine 01/1995; 31(12):1453-63.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the clinical usefulness of three-dimensional (3D) images of pulmonary nodules acquired using helical CT, 3D reconstructions were performed in 32 patients using a CEMAX VIPstation. The CT scanner employed was the Toshiba Xforce. Helical CT data were acquired using up to 20 continuous 1.5-sec rotations with an X-ray beam width of 5 mm and a couchtop movement speed of 5 mm/1.5 sec. Axial images were reconstructed at a section interval of 2 mm. The optimal lower and upper threshold CT values for 3D images were as follows: 1) solid pulmonary nodule (-700--400/-100 HU), 2) tumor invading pleura or chest wall (-700--400/-200 HU), 3) pulmonary nodule with cavity (-700--400/50 HU), 4) small pulmonary nodule (< 10 mm) (-750--650/-100 HU), and 5) arteriovenous malformation (180/500 HU). In all cases, it was possible not only to demonstrate abnormal findings three-dimensionally but also to grasp anatomical relationships among the pulmonary nodule, bronchi, vessels, and chest wall.
    Radiation Medicine 01/1995; 13(5):209-16.
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    ABSTRACT: Manganese is known to affect relaxation times. Blueberry is naturally rich in manganese, and oral contrast effect by its squeezed juice (B. J) was expected. At some appropriate concentration of manganese within daily intake level, B. J worked as positive contrast agent on T1WIs and negative one on T2WIs simultaneously without any side effects. The negative effect on T2WIs could reduce ghost artifacts from motion of high intensity structures. B. J improved confirmation of gastroduodenal tract regardless of field strength and could be adapted for fast SE. We introduced a preliminary examination of B. J as an oral contrast agent for upper abdominal MRI.
    Nihon Igaku Hoshasen Gakkai zasshi. Nippon acta radiologica 06/1994; 54(6):539-41.
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the clinical usefulness of the asymmetric film-screen system on postero-anterior chest roentgenograms for thoracic lesions. The asymmetric film-screen system, the so-called Kodak Insight thoracic imaging system, records a different image on each side of double-emulsion film. An image displaying the lung field is captured on the anterior side of the film, while one displaying the mediastinal, retrocardiac and retrodiaphragmatic structures is captured on the posterior side. The clinical usefulness of the asymmetric film was evaluated in 20 patients for visibility of the anatomical structures and abnormal lesions in comparison with conventional film. In the asymmetric film-screen system, the front and rear screens were HC (high contrast) and Regular, respectively. Chest radiography was performed at 200mA and 100kVp. As conventional film, we used SRC film (Konica, orthotype film), and chest radiography was performed at 100mA and 130kVp. The chest roentgenograms obtained with the asymmetric film-screen system provided better information on normal structures and abnormal lesions in the lung field, but slightly inferior information on mediastinal structures. In conclusion, it was considered that the asymmetric film-screen system was useful for thoracic lesions.
    Nihon Igaku Hoshasen Gakkai zasshi. Nippon acta radiologica 06/1994; 54(6):465-70.
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    ABSTRACT: We reported a case of malignant lymphoma of the thyroid accompanied by interstitial pneumonitis during radiation therapy after systemic chemotherapy. Thyroid malignant lymphoma is a rare malignant tumor, which usually responds well to irradiation and systemic chemotherapy. Interstitial pneumonitis occurred during radiation after systemic chemotherapy. In this case, irradiation was simultaneously done with the chemotherapy. The radiation field included the neck and upper mediastinum. Chest X-ray showed multiple patchy shadows in both the middle and lower lung field, and it changed to contraction shadows after steroid pulse therapy. 67Ga scintigram showed multifocal increase of uptake, when chest X-ray patchy shadows were seen only in the middle and lower lung fields. 67Ga scintigraphy and CT were considered useful for evaluation of drug-induced interstitial pneumonitis.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 03/1994; 21(2):269-72.
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    ABSTRACT: A Multi-gated SPECT was acquired commonly in 64 x 64 matrix and 8 frames per cardiac cycle (64 x 64/8F). But it was not established that 64 x 64 matrix and 8 frames per cardiac cycle were the most suitable in multi-gated SPECT. Five normal volunteers were examined multi-gated 201Tl SPECT with 5 acquisition modes of 128 x 128 matrix/16 frames, 128 x 128/8F, 64 x 64/32F, 64 x 64/8F using multi-detector SPECT system (GCA-9300). And we calculated percent wall thickening (%WT) [%WT = (ES counts - ED counts)/ED counts] in 9 cases with 64 x 64/8F. The images quality of both 128 x 128/16F and 128 x 128/8F was not clear in compared with images of both 64 x 64/16F and 64 x 64/8F, because the end-diastolic phase of 128 x 128/16F images showed a decreased uptake of 201Tl in the antero-apical region. Although 64 x 64 (8) images had only 8 frames per cardiac cycle, we could observe systolic and diastolic phase and we could calculate %WT. The %WT (M +/- SD) of horizontal long axis images were 48 +/- 15 (sept. basal), 48 +/- 19 (sept. apical), 65 +/- 29 (apex), 49 +/- 22 (lat. apical) and 40 +/- 15 (lat. basal).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    Kaku igaku. The Japanese journal of nuclear medicine 10/1993; 30(9):1111-9.
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    ABSTRACT: A case of benign paraganglioma arising in the middle mediastinum was reported. 201Tl SPECT showed high accumulation in tumor on early images at 15 min and reduced on late images at 3 hours after infusion. The patient was a 57 year old female. In the contrast enhanced CT, 3 x 4 cm tumor with intensive enhancement was recognized at the right middle mediastinum. Under the radiological images, the tumor was surgically removed. The pathologic diagnosis was a low atypical nonfunctioning aortico-pulmonary paraganglioma. This report was suggested that 201Tl SPECT was useful for differential diagnosis of benign neurogenic mediastinal neoplasms.
    Kaku igaku. The Japanese journal of nuclear medicine 10/1993; 30(9):1097-101.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the usefulness of helical scanning CT of the upper abdomen, 30 patients with hepatic, adrenal, pancreatic and renal disease were examined using a Toshiba CT system, the Xforce. Helical scanning CT data were acquired using up to 20 continuous 1.5-second rotations, with a 1.5-3 ml bolus injection of contrast medium, and during a single breath-hold. Helical scanning provided both better data continuity and resolution than conventional scanning. The axial images with a slice thickness of 5 mm were not inferior in quality to equivalent images acquired by conventional CT, and multiplanar reconstruction images were superior. Targeted structures could be easily obtained because helical scanning CT permits image reconstruction in any direction. Using a CEMAX-VIPstation, we generated three-dimensional display images of high-density structures from the postcontrast data acquired with helical scanning. On these images, it was easy to observe the high-density tumors three-dimensionally and to determine the position of the tumors relative to the high-density surrounding organs. In conclusion, helical scanning CT was considered to be useful in clinical diagnosis involving the upper abdomen.
    Nihon Igaku Hoshasen Gakkai zasshi. Nippon acta radiologica 04/1993; 53(3):275-82.