Yingfei Xiong

Fourth Military Medical University, Xi’an, Liaoning, China

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Publications (2)4.87 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The response to hyperosmotic stresses in the abdominal cavity is regulated, in part, by vasopressin (VP)-secreting neurons in the supraoptic nucleus (SON). How osmotic stress signals are transmitted to the brain is incompletely understood, and whether the transmission routes for osmotic stress signals differ between acute and chronic stresses is unknown. Here we investigated the role of the vagus, splanchnic nerves, and astrocytes in the SON in transducing acute hyperosmotic-stress signals from the abdominal cavity. We found that acute administration of hyperosmotic saline triggered the activation of neurons as well as astrocytes in the SON and the adjoining ventral glia limitans (SON-VGL). Severing the subdiaphragmatic vagal nerve (SDV) prevented the normal response of cells in the SON to HS treatment and attenuated the release of VP into the bloodstream. Lesioning the splanchnic nerves (SNL) diminished HS-induced release of VP, but to a much lesser extent than SDV. Furthermore, SNL did not significantly affect the up-regulation of Fos in SON neurons or the up-regulation of Fos and GFAP in SON and SON-VGL astrocytes that normally occurred in response to HS and did not affect HS-induced expansion of the SON-VGL. Inhibiting astrocytes with fluorocitrate (FCA) prevented the response of the SON to HS and attenuated the release of VP, similarly to SDV surgery. These results suggest that the vagus is the principle route for the transmission of hyperosmotic signals to the brain and that astrocytes in the SON region are necessary for the activation of SON neurons and the release of VP into the bloodstream.
    Journal of Neuroscience Research 02/2011; 89(2):256-66. · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined whether glial cells in the trigeminal nucleus caudalis (Sp5C) were necessary for orofacial nociception and nociceptive processing induced by subcutaneously (s.c.) injection of 5% formalin into left mystacial vibrissae. The immunohistochemical, immunoelectron microscopical methods and behavior assessment were used in this study. Two hours after administration of carbenoxolone (CBX, a gap junction blocker) or fluorocistrate (FCA, a glail metabolic inhibitor) into the cerebellomedullary cistern, the nociceptive behavior and scratching-cumulative time reduced significantly (P<0.01). FCA attenuated obviously the expression of Fos/NeuN-immunoreactive (-IR) neurons (mean+/-S.E.M.=29+/-2.5) and Fos/glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)-IR astrocytes (7.2+/-2.2) in Sp5C. CBX decreased the number of Fos/NeuN-IR neurons (25+/-1.7), but did not affect Fos/GFAP-IR astrocytes (16.2+/-5.4), compared with vehicle-preadministered rats (Fos/NeuN-IR neurons 135+/-4.2, and Fos/GFAP-IR astrocytes 25.8+/-4). Immunoelectron microscopy established that Cx32/Cx43 heterotypic gap junctions (HGJs) were present on junction areas between astrocytes and neurons within Sp5C. The number of HGJs increased significantly following formalin s.c. injection. It suggests that the Sp5C astrocytes may play an active regulating role in orofacial nociception via Cx32/Cx43 HGJs between astrocytes and neurons of Sp5C.
    Neuroscience Research 01/2007; 57(1):112-9. · 2.15 Impact Factor