Yanyan Qiu

Shandong Agricultural University, T’ai-an-shih, Shandong Sheng, China

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Publications (9)32.43 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A tyrosinase (Tyr) biosensor has been constructed by immobilizing tyrosinase on the surface of Mg–Al–CO3 hydrotalcite-like compound film (HTLc) modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) for the determination of polyphenols. The negatively charged tyrosinase was adsorbed firmly on the surface of a positively charged HTLc/GCE by electrostatic interactions and retained its activity to a great degree. The modified electrode was characterized by cyclic voltammetry and AC impedance spectra. Polyphenols were determined by a direct reduction of biocatalytically generated quinone species. The different parameters, including pH, temperature, and enzyme loading were investigated and optimized. Under the optimum conditions, Tyr/HTLc electrode gave a linear response range of 3–300, 0.888–444, and 0.066–396 μM with a detection limit (S/N = 3) of 0.1, 0.05, and 0.003 μM for catechol, caffeic acid, and quercetin, respectively. In addition, the repeatability and stability of the enzyme electrode were estimated. Total polyphenol contents of real samples were also determined to study the potential applicability of the Tyr/HTLc/GCE biosensor.
    Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry 01/2012; · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new electrochemical biosensor for directly detecting DNA damage induced by acrylamide (AA) and its metabolite was presented in this work. The graphene-ionic liquid-Nafion modified pyrolytic graphite electrode (PGE) was prepared, and then horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and natural double-stranded DNA were alternately assembled on the modified electrode by the layer-by-layer method. The PGE/graphene-ionic liquid-Nafion and the construction of the (HRP/DNA)(n) film were characterized by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. With the guanine signal in DNA as an indicator, the damage of DNA was detected by differential pulse voltammetry after PGE/graphene-ionic liquid-Nafion/(HRP/DNA)(n) was incubated in AA solution or AA+H(2)O(2) solution at 37°C. This method provides a new model to mimic and directly detect DNA damage induced by chemical pollutants and their metabolites in vitro. The results indicated that, in the presence of H(2)O(2), HRP was activated and catalyzed the transformation of AA to glycidamide, which could form DNA adducts and induce more serious damage of DNA than AA. In order to further verify these results, UV-vis spectrophotometry was also used to investigate DNA damage induced by AA and its metabolites in solution and the similar results were obtained.
    Journal of hazardous materials 06/2011; 190(1-3):480-5. · 4.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Electro-enzymatic processes, which are enzyme catalysis combined with electrochemical reactions, have been used in the degradation of many environment pollutants. For some pollutants, the catalytic mechanisms of the electrochemical-enzyme reaction are still poorly understood. In this paper, the degradation of chlorpyrifos by a combination of immobilized hemoglobin and in situ generated hydrogen peroxide is reported for the first time. Hemoglobin was immobilized on graphite felts to catalyze the removal of chlorpyrifos in an electrochemical-enzyme system. Under the optimal conditions, more than 98% of the chlorpyrifos was degraded. Furthermore, the degradation products of chlorpyrifos were also studied and identified using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis. The results suggest a possible degradation mechanism for chlorpyrifos with low power and high efficiency, reveal the feasibility of hemoglobin as a substitute for some expensive natural enzymes, and demonstrate the application of an electro-enzymatic process in the treatment of organophosphorus compounds in wastewater.
    Journal of hazardous materials 01/2011; 188(1-3):92-7. · 4.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Catalytic removal of bisphenol A from aqueous solution with hemoglobin immobilized on amino-modified magnetic nanoparticles as an enzyme catalyst was reported. The amino-modified magnetite nanoparticles were firstly prepared by the coprecipitation of Fe(2+) and Fe(3+) with NH(3)·H(2)O and then modified by 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane. The immobilization process was optimized by examining enzyme concentration, glutaraldehyde concentration, cross-link time, and immobilization time. The optimum conditions for the removal of bisphenol A with immobilized hemoglobin were also investigated. Under the optimality conditions, the removal efficiency of bisphenol A was about 80.3%. The immobilization had a beneficial effect on the stability of hemoglobin and conversions of bisphenol A. According to the proposed breakdown pathway and the intermediates, the enzyme-catalytic removal of bisphenol A by the immobilized hemoglobin is considered to be an effective method.
    Chemosphere 01/2011; 83(3):255-64. · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This paper presents a novel electroenzymatic method for the treatment of bisphenol A (BPA) in a membraneless electrochemical reactor. The electrochemical reactor was arranged with a stainless steel and an enzymatic film as anode and cathode, respectively. The enzymatic film was formed by immobilizing hemoglobin (Hb) on carbon fiber. In the membraneless electrochemical reactor, hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) was generated in situ in cathode and BPA was oxidated and removed by the combining Hb with H(2)O(2). The experimental conditions for electrogeneration of H(2)O(2) and electroremoval of BPA were optimized. Experimental results showed that in supplied voltage 2.4 V, pH 5.0 and oxygen flow rate 25 mL/min, the electrogeneration of H(2)O(2) and the electroenzymatic removal of BPA were highest. Under optimal operation conditions, the removal efficiency of BPA reached 50.7% in 120 min and then kept constant when further prolonging the period of reaction. Compared with electrochemical and biochemical methods, the removal of BPA through electroenzymatic method was comparatively favorable.
    Journal of hazardous materials 09/2010; 181(1-3):413-8. · 4.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A novel nitrite biosensor was successfully prepared via immobilizing Cytochrome c (Cyt c) onto the multi-walled carbon nanotubes-poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM)-chitosan (MWNT-PAMAM-Chit) nanocomposite modified glass carbon electrode (GCE). Ultraviolet and visible (UV-vis) absorption spectrum, cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were used to examine the native conformation and bioactivity of the immobilized Cyt c, and the electrochemical properties of the modified electrodes, respectively. The results indicate that the immobilized Cyt c retained its native characters, and the MWNT-PAMAM-Chit nanocomposite is a good platform for the immobilization of Cyt c as well as an excellent promoter for the electron transfer between Cyt c and electrode. The high reactive Cyt c pi-cation, which can oxidize NO(2)(-) into NO(3)(-) in the solution, is generated at higher potential (>0.7 V) based on the further oxidation of Cyt c. The nitrite biosensor showed a fast response to nitrite (about 5 s) in two concentration intervals, one was from 0.1 to 29 microM, and the other from 29 to 254 microM. The low detection limit of 0.01 microM was obtained.
    Biosensors & bioelectronics 03/2009; 24(10):2991-6. · 5.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A glassy carbon electrode was modified with dsDNA and a nanocomposite composed of multi-walled carbon nanotubes and chitosan (MWNT-chit). The electrode was applied to the electrochemical detection of DNA damage as induced by in situ generated bisphenol A (BPA) radicals through electro-oxidation. The modified electrode was characterized by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The results indicate that MWNT-chit nanocomposite represents a viable platform for the immobilization of DNA that effectively promotes electron transfer between DNA and the electrode. The mode of interaction between DNA and BPA was investigated by differential pulse voltammetry and UV-vis spectrophotometry, indicating that the dominant interaction is intercalation. In order to explore the mechanism of damage caused by BPA radicals, the electro-oxidation of BPA at the modified glass electrode was investigated. Based on the signal for guanine without any other external indicator, DNA damage was investigated through the electro-oxidation of BPA. KeywordsDNA damage-Electro-oxidation-Bisphenol A-MWNT-Chit nanocomposite-Intercalation
    Microchimica Acta 171(3):363-369. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An amperometric biosensor for nitrite was prepared by immobilizing cytochrome c (Cyt c) on a gold electrode that was modified with Nafion and a Cu-Mg-Al layered double hydroxide (Cu-LDH). The Cu-LDH was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and powder X-ray diffraction. The UV-visible spectrum suggests that Cyt c retains its native conformation in the modified film. The direct electrochemical investigation indicated that the composite film represents a good platform for the immobilization of Cyt c as well as an excellent promoter for the electron transfer between Cyt c and the gold electrode. Moreover, the biosensor showed a remarkable bioelectrocatalytic activity for the oxidation of nitrite with a linear range from 0.75 to 123μM. The detection limit is 2 × 10−7M (S/N = 3). The biosensor was successfully applied to the determination of nitrite in food samples. KeywordsCu-Mg-Al layered double hydroxide-Nafion-Cytochrome c-Nitrite biosensor-Direct electrochemistry-Determination
    Microchimica Acta 171(3):385-392. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hydroxylapatite (HAP)-modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was fabricated and used to investigate the electrochemical oxidation behavior of 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP) by cyclic voltammetry, differential pulse voltammetry, and chronocoulometry. The oxidation peak current of 2,4-DNP at the modified electrode was obviously increased compared with the bare GCE, indicating that HAP exhibits a remarkable enhancement effect on the electrochemical oxidation of 2,4-DNP. Based on this, a sensitive and simple electrochemical method was proposed for the determination of 2,4-DNP. The effects of HAP concentration, accumulation time, accumulation potential, pH, and scan rate were examined. Under optimal conditions, the oxidation peak current of 2,4-DNP was proportional to its concentration in the range from 2.0 × 10−6 to 6.0 × 10−4 M with a correlation coefficient of 0.9987. The detection limit was 7.5 × 10−7 M (S/N = 3). The proposed method was further applied to determine 2,4-DNP in water samples with recoveries from 96.75% to 106.50%.
    Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry · 2.28 Impact Factor