Yalım Yalçın

Medicana International İstanbul Hospital, İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey

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Publications (5)1.43 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We report the successful closure of an extracardiac Fontan fenestration with a bio-absorbable device, which may be refenestrated by a transcatheter route when needed, in a 10-year-old boy. The patient presented with cyanosis two years after an extracardiac Fontan operation. Echocardiography revealed a moderate shunt from the Fontan circulation into the systemic circulation with a mean pressure gradient of 3-4 mmHg. Treadmill testing revealed a significant decrease in oxygen saturation (down to the low 50's from a baseline level of 80-85%). Cardiac catheterization revealed normal pressure in the Fontan circuit. A temporary balloon occlusion test showed that the defect was suitable for permanent occlusion. The fenestration was then occluded by a bio-absorbable Biostar (NMT medical, Boston, USA) atrial septal occluder device. The oxygen saturation on room air increased up to 95% after closure.
    Turk Kardiyoloji Dernegi arsivi: Turk Kardiyoloji Derneginin yayin organidir 11/2012; 40(7):623-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Postmyocardial infarction ventricular septal defect (VSD) carries a high mortality and, even after successful surgery, residual defect is common. A 75-year-old woman was admitted with the diagnosis of hyperacute anterior myocardial infarction. Primary percutaneous intervention was performed by stenting of a totally obstructed segment in the proximal left anterior descending artery. The patient's condition deteriorated on the second postprocedural day with a 3/6 pansystolic murmur at the mesocardium. Echocardiography revealed an apical anteroseptal VSD and moderate pulmonary hypertension. She underwent surgical VSD closure with a Gore-Tex patch and coronary artery bypass grafting to the left anterior descending and circumflex arteries. The patient's condition continued to be unstable due to septicemia and hemodynamically significant residual VSD. After medical management of septicemia, the residual defect was successfully closed using a 10-mm Cardio-O-Fix septal occluder under fluoroscopic and transesophageal echocardiographic guidance. The clinical condition of the patient was then stabilized and there was no significant residual shunt on echocardiography on the third postprocedural day.
    Turk Kardiyoloji Dernegi arsivi: Turk Kardiyoloji Derneginin yayin organidir 09/2011; 39(6):491-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Aiming to increase mixing at the atrial level, atrial septal stenting was performed in two pediatric cases with cyanotic congenital cardiac diseases. The first case was a 3-month-old male infant with transposition of the great arteries. The second case was an 18-month-old male infant with increased central venous pressure due to postoperative right ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Premounted bare stents of 8 mm in diameter were used in both cases. The length of the stent was 20 mm in the first case and 30 mm in the latter. The procedure was accomplished without any complications. In the first case, oxygen saturation increased approximately 20-25% with no significant interatrial gradient. In the latter, central venous pressure decreased from 16 to 8 mmHg immediately after the procedure. The patient was weaned from the ventilator on the second day and discharged from intensive care unit on the fifth day. Follow-up echocardiograms of both patients showed patent stents with good position relative to the atrial septum. Stenting of the atrial septum seems to be a safe and effective method to create a reliable, nonrestrictive interatrial communication.
    Turk Kardiyoloji Dernegi arsivi: Turk Kardiyoloji Derneginin yayin organidir 07/2011; 39(5):422-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To present our institutional experience of endovascular Cheatham-Platinum stent implantation in children and adults with native and recurrent aortic coarctation. Between August 2007 and November 2009, 45 patients had aortic coarctation treated with 47 stents implantation. We preferred primarily stent implantation in adult patient with coarctation, in children more than five years-old it is preferred in cases of aneurysm, subatretic or blind coarctation and coarctation with patent ductus arteriosus or in restenosis. Files of stent-implanted patients were retrospectively analyzed in terms of patients' demographic features, echocardiographic and angiographic findings both before and after procedure. Patients were grouped as Group 1: native coarctation and Group 2: recoarctation developed after either surgery or balloon angioplasty. Findings of the cases' were compared using paired and unpaired Student's t, Mann-Whitney U and Chi-square tests. Sixteen covered and 31 bare totally 47 balloon expandable stents were implanted in 45 patients. The mean follow up duration was 12.1 ± 7.1, median 11 months (2-29 months). There was no procedure related death. In two patients two stents were implanted in tandem. While the coarctation of the aorta was native in 26 patients (functionally interrupted aortic arch in one), recoarctation was detected in 7 patients after surgery, in 8 patients after balloon angioplasty, in 4 patients both after surgery and balloon angioplasty. One patient had functionally interrupted aortic arch perforated with guide wire and then covered stent implanted. The mean age 12.2 ± 5.9 years (5-33 years) and mean body mass index was 21 ± 3.7 kg/m2 (14.8-31 kg/m2). Considering all cases, a statistically significant decrease in both the invasive and echocardiographic gradients (p<0.001 for both) and statistically significant increase in lesion diameter (p<0.001) were detected. The decrease in invasive and echocardiographic gradients and increase in lesion diameter is statistically significant in each group also (p<0.001, <0.001 and <0.001 for both groups, respectively). Before the procedure, the invasive gradient was significantly higher and the lesion diameter was significantly lower in group I than in group II (p=0.002 and p=0.005, respectively). Also the percentage of decrease in gradient and increase in diameter was statistically higher in group 1 than in group 2 (p=0.04 and p=0.04). Our early and short- term follow-up results indicate that stent implantation is safe and very effective in reducing coarctation gradient and increasing lesion diameter both in native coarctation and recoarctation.
    Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology 06/2011; 11(5):441-9. · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to assess medium-term results of aortic balloon valvuloplasty (ABV) in congenital aortic stenosis and to determine factors affecting development of aortic regurgitation (AR). Between September 2003 and January 2010, 114 ABV procedures performed on 97 patients analyzed retrospectively. Patients were evaluated in terms of transvalvular gradients before and after procedure, development of new aortic insufficiency or increase in the current insufficiency and factors affecting the procedural success and development of aortic insufficiency. In addition, follow up results were also evaluated in terms of restenosis and increase or decrease of aortic regurgitation. Student's t-test, ANOVA for repeated measurements, linear discriminant and Kaplan-Meier survival analyses were used for statistical analysis. The mean age was 6.63±6.33 year (2 days-21 years). Mean follow-up was 32.6±25.1 months (1 to 75 months). Thirty-seven patients were infant (<1 year) and 18 of them were newborn. The peak systolic pressure gradient decreased from 77.2±24.9 mmHg to 28.5±12.9 mmHg (p=0.0001). Eighty-two procedures were optimal, 29 suboptimal and 3 were unsuccessful. AR developed in totally 53 patients, 16 of them were significant degree. Balloon /annulus ratio and the percentage of reduction in gradient was meaningfully higher in patients with significant aortic regurgitation (p=0.02 and p=0.03, respectively). Infants show more significant AR (9/37, 24%) in comparison with bigger patients (7/77, 9%) (p=0.02). Four patients died after procedure at intensive care unit, three of them were newborn. ABV is safe and effective palliative method for the treatment of congenital aortic stenosis. AR, which was the most common complication, incidence was increased in infancy and was related with high balloon/annulus ratio and high reduction in gradient.
    Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology 06/2011; 11(4):329-35. · 0.72 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

5 Citations
1.43 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011–2012
    • Medicana International İstanbul Hospital
      İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
    • Group Florence Nightingale Hastaneleri
      İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey